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Steve's Language Learning Tips, Return on Investment – Language Learning Efficiency

Return on Investment – Language Learning Efficiency

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here.

Today I want to talk about return on investment or efficiency in language learning. What do I mean by return on investment? Well, when we learn a language, we invest mostly time and money. We also invest our passion, our feelings and a sense of commitment and so forth, but those are harder to measure. If we look at money and time, let me show you where I get the best return on investment. Let's take Romanian because that's the most recent language that I've decided to learn which I started up on about five weeks ago.

At first, we had no Romanian at LingQ. I went out and bought Pimsleur. It cost me $25 or $30. I listened to it once. So while I have said that I think it's a good icebreaker into the language, I can't listen to it again because there's too much English. I don't like being prompted to speak. I didn't learn all the words that are in that first Pimsleur recording, but I'm not interested in going over and over and over the same questions about do I want to eat, do I want to drink, do I understand Romanian and so forth. To me, that's a relatively poor return on investment. It becomes a much better return on investment if you borrow it from the library. Now, the second thing I did was I found I had an old copy of Teach Yourself kicking around without a CD, so I started reading through that.

Then I went to the library and borrowed Teach Yourself with the CD, so I was able to listen and read. Again, the CDs I only listened to once because, again, there's English on them. The book, however, is quite useful. There's a better return on the investment in the book because I am constantly referring back to the book and I'll explain why in a second. The third thing I did is I went on the Internet and I saw that there was a thing called Complete Romanian available on Amazon, so I ordered it.

It's also from Teach Yourself. I believe that with these starter books, it's actually quite a good return on investment to cover the same material from different angles. So I thought this would be a different book, but much to my disappointment, I discovered what Teach Yourself markets as Complete Romanian is absolutely identical to what they call Teach Yourself. So now I've paid, again, for something that I already had. That is, I had the book and the CDs I could get from the library. I've returned them, I don't need them anymore. So that was kind of a waste of money. But the reason why these little books are quite handy is that, first of all, you have the little dialogues which after a while get a bit tiring, but they do have a number of grammatical explanations with lots of examples and I find myself constantly reading these examples and picking up on stuff.

The other useful thing in these is you can go to the back of the book and there they have the answers to the questions. Now, I don't do the questions because I just don't like doing them and I'm not convinced that it's that useful to be forcing my brain to try to remember stuff, but here you can see the answers to questions.

So, typically, it will deal with one issue, pronouns or a certain tense or something. Again, you'll get 10 examples of that in use. Of course you think they're making an impact on you when you're looking at them, but you very quickly forget them and so it's useful to go back and look at them again. So I find that having some kind of a starter book is a good return on investment.

Whether it be Teach Yourself, Pimsleur, whatever your preference is, some kind of a starter book that you can constantly refer back to. Not that you remember the explanations, but it helps you, again, to notice the language better. So I think this is a good return on investment. So return on investment, computer, absolutely, mp3 player, absolutely.

For Romanian I went to Elance, as I've said, which is this website for outsourcing and I found people in Romania who would record these 150 example sentences of some of the more common patterns of what I want to say in Romanian, ‘why', ‘because', ‘when', ‘therefore', ‘would', ‘should', ‘could', all the different types of things you're going to come across. I got a whole bunch of these translated into Romanian and recorded for me, so I was spending a fair amount of time listening to these simple sentences that illustrate the basic patterns of the language. Now, that's pretty expensive to do.

That's quite expensive to do. It becomes more cost effective if I can share these with other learners, for example, at LingQ if we had a lot of people studying Romanian, which we don't. Although, I have put these up on LingQ as lessons and they've been studied by 25-30 different people and, again, on LingQ I will eventually get points. Every month that people are using these, I get points which I can use for learning other languages. So, to that extent, that investment I can amortize by having other people also share in them. So that was effective. The other thing I did was I found Radio Romania which has excellent podcasts, both the daily news as well as podcasts on history.

So again through Elance, I got some Romanians to help me transcribe these so that I could read them and have a better chance of understanding them and, again, import them into LingQ and save them and so forth and so on. Again, that's not cheap. Of the 15-20 different quotes I got, the cheapest was $15 per audio hour. Then when they did it they found that it was just too difficult to do. You really have to find someone who's an expert transcriber who can do it very quickly, which is what we do for some other languages where we have people who are very good and who charge us quite reasonable rates for transcribing. Here again, because I don't have permission from Radio Romania to share these in our library, even assuming that there are people who want to study them at LingQ, I can't share them so I can't amortize my cost.

What I've now found is that on the Radio Romania website, if I poke around, I can find bits and pieces that are transcribed and so I just use those and hope that what I'm listening to, eventually, I'll find something that has actually been transcribed. So, again, the return on investment in doing those kinds of things, where you're getting people to record things for you or transcribe things for you, is better if you have a lot of people sharing in that. Also, things to invest in, obviously, you've got an mp3 player.

I have several on the go. I've got my little Nano, which is the latest one, but I also have my older Nano and this has the advantage that I can put it in a dock so that if I'm exercising I don't have to wear my earphones. I'm not convinced that wearing earphones all the time is so good for you. These are the ones I use when I go jogging. At one point I had the kind that plug right into your ear, but I find them not very good for my ear. I think one has to be a little bit careful about how often you have stuff plugged into your ear. Then I went out and got these Bluetooth.

It's about $70, it's an expensive set. Extremely comfortable and I think that's important. The sound quality is very good. It's a Bluetooth earphone thing and, therefore, I don't get my wires snagged. Like if I'm doing the dishes, every time I turn around if I have my headphone on it will snare on one of the knobs or something and it goes falling to the ground, quite annoying. So I bought those after I had these.

In other words, I don't mind investing a bit of money in good listening equipment because it's very important to be comfortable when you're listening and, obviously, to not do damage to your ears. I should also mention I have my iPhone or whatever people have, Blackberry, Android and, there again, that's kind of like an extension because I can do all of my listening of mp3s on this if I want and I can also reading using LingQ, which is our LingQ app for iPhone, iPad, which reminds me that I also have an iPad. Often, I'll just save my links on the computer because it's more convenient to do it that way, but then I actually read the text and point at the different words that I have saved or listen to it on my iPad. So, all of these investments are a relatively good return on investment of money and even time.

I'm not sure whether my time is best spent. I don't spend that much time reviewing little grammar rules, patterns and examples in the grammar book because I feel that I get more out of identifying or noticing those patterns when I'm listening to interesting content. So I'm actually stealing time away from that continuous exposure and immersion to meaningful and interesting content. I'm taking time away from that to look at these rules and stuff, so I tend only to do that in short spurts. I'll leave a book around, in the bathroom for example. Here again, along the idea of going at things from different angles, I was sent this Romanian grammar by a friend and it's in tremendous detail.

No exercises. No drills. Thank you very much. That's what grammar books should be. A quick explanation of the rule, this is what happens in the language, 10 examples and that's all you need. No drills, questions, fill-in the blanks, multiple choice, you name it. This is another excellent source. This is, basically, going through the same material, the same basic patterns of the language as you find in the Teach Yourself book, but it's another approach presented slightly differently with different examples. Obviously, some of these tools, like the iPad, the iPhone, the mp3 player, the earphones, those you can use for a number of different languages.

If you buy Teach Yourself or if you pay someone to transcribe or record things for you, then that's for that specific language. There you want to be able to share the cost around. There are sites on the Internet like RhinoSpike where you can get stuff recorded. I think when it comes to correcting text Ling-8 does that. We at LingQ are going to significantly facilitate this whole idea of exchange of services related to language learning. You can look for that. Within the next three-four weeks that will be happening at LingQ. I think, to the extent that people can help each other, that's a great return on time and on money. You take all of that, between the iPad, iPhone, earphones and getting people to do stuff, you're up to $1,000, not all of which is specific to that one language.

Now you compare that to people who come to Vancouver, for example, to learn English. Oh, one thing I also do is I have a couple of tutors. I have two Romanian tutors. I do a half hour on Tuesday with one and a half hour on Thursday with the same person and then I do another a half hour with another tutor on Tuesday and on Thursday, one at 8:00 o'clock in the morning, one at 11:00 o'clock in the morning. So, I'm getting in, basically, two hours a week of interaction with a tutor, which again costs money, but if you compare all of that to going to a school, for example, people who come to Vancouver. They have to come here, they have to stay with a host family, there's $1,000 bucks a month or whatever it is. Then they go to school, there's another $1,000 bucks a month. The reality of language learning is that it takes time and so whether you're going to a class or not going to a class, it's still going to take a lot of time.

I doubt that if I had gone to a Romanian class and spent whatever, $1,000, $1,500, $2,000 a month, I don't think I would have learned any faster than I'm learning now. When you're learning on your own using these resources, you go to the grammar book when you feel like it. You listen to what you feel like listening to when you feel like doing it. You're more mobile, independent, and I think you learn just as fast or faster. I mean I have a total of, basically, two hours, which I can step up to three hours a week of intensive one on one with my Romanian tutor and who uses the LingQ System.

In other words, the tutor will write down 10, 15, 20 phrases that I misused. I get them and I import them as content to study within LingQ and I save the words and phrases. One of the advantages of that approach or having something like the Teach Yourself book or another grammar book around is you go back to it again and again and again so you're not making a one-off investment. I think in all of these investments you want to invest in things that you can go back to again and again and again.

So even with the things that I've had transcribed or that I had recorded, I can use them again and again and again. One of the difficulties with a classroom situation is you pay every month and that's gone. I'm not against schools because everyone has a different way of learning, but I think when it comes to a return on investment, given that it's a long process, one should be a little careful about how you spend your money. I think everyone needs to do their own evaluation of what represents a good return on investment for them when it comes to language learning. So there you have it, a bit of a ramble, disorganized as usual, but this time on the subject of efficiency or a return on investment in language learning.

Thank you for listening.


Return on Investment – Language Learning Efficiency Rentabilität der Investition - Effizienz des Sprachenlernens Return on Investment – Language Learning Efficiency Retorno de la inversión: eficiencia en el aprendizaje de idiomas Retour sur investissement - Efficacité de l'apprentissage des langues Ritorno sull'investimento – Efficienza nell'apprendimento delle lingue 投資対効果 - 語学学習の効率化 투자 수익률 - 언어 학습 효율성 Zwrot z inwestycji - efektywność nauki języków obcych Retorno do investimento - Eficiência na aprendizagem de línguas Возврат инвестиций - эффективность обучения иностранным языкам Avkastning på investeringar - Effektiv språkundervisning Yatırımın Geri Dönüşü - Dil Öğreniminde Verimlilik Рентабельність інвестицій - ефективність вивчення мови 投资回报——语言学习效率 投資回報——語言學習效率

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here. 스티브 카우프만, 안녕하세요 Olá, fala Steve Kaufmann. 你好,我是史蒂夫-考夫曼。

Today I want to talk about return on investment or efficiency in language learning. Heute möchte ich über den Return on Investment oder die Effizienz beim Sprachenlernen sprechen. Hoy quiero hablar sobre el retorno de la inversión o la eficiencia en el aprendizaje de idiomas. 今日は、言語学習における投資収益率または効率性についてお話したいと思います。 오늘 저는 언어 학습의 투자 수익 또는 효율성에 대해 이야기하고 싶습니다. Hoje quero falar sobre o retorno do investimento ou a eficiência na aprendizagem de línguas. Bugün dil öğreniminde yatırımın geri dönüşü veya verimlilik hakkında konuşmak istiyorum. 今天,我想谈谈语言学习的投资回报或效率。 What do I mean by return on investment? ¿A qué me refiero con el retorno de la inversión? Cosa intendo per ritorno sull'investimento? 投資収益率とはどういう意味ですか? O que é que eu quero dizer com retorno do investimento? Yatırım getirisi derken neyi kastediyorum? 什么叫投资回报率? Well, when we learn a language, we invest mostly time and money. Bueno, cuando aprendemos un idioma, invertimos principalmente tiempo y dinero. ええと、私たちが言語を学ぶとき、私たちは主に時間とお金を投資します。 우리는 언어를 배울 때 주로 시간과 돈을 투자합니다. Bem, quando aprendemos uma língua, investimos sobretudo tempo e dinheiro. 那么,当我们学习一门语言时,我们投入的主要是时间和金钱。 We also invest our passion, our feelings and a sense of commitment and so forth, but those are harder to measure. También invertimos nuestra pasión, nuestros sentimientos y un sentido de compromiso, etc., pero eso es más difícil de medir. また、情熱や気持ち、コミットメントなども投資していますが、それを測るのは難しいです。 Também investimos a nossa paixão, os nossos sentimentos e um sentido de compromisso, etc., mas estes são mais difíceis de medir. Ayrıca tutkumuza, duygularımıza ve bağlılık hissimize de yatırım yaparız, ancak bunları ölçmek daha zordur. 我们还投入我们的激情、感情和承诺感等等,但这些更难衡量。 If we look at money and time, let me show you where I get the best return on investment. Si nos fijamos en el dinero y el tiempo, déjame mostrarte dónde obtengo el mejor retorno de la inversión. お金と時間を見て、私が最高の投資収益率を得る場所をお見せしましょう。 우리가 돈과 시간을 보면, 최고의 투자 수익률을 얻을 수있는 곳을 보여 드리겠습니다. Se olharmos para o dinheiro e o tempo, deixem-me mostrar-vos onde obtenho o melhor retorno do investimento. Para ve zaman açısından bakarsak, size en iyi yatırım getirisini nereden elde ettiğimi göstereyim. 如果我们从金钱和时间的角度来看,让我告诉你我在哪里获得了最好的投资回报。 Let’s take Romanian because that’s the most recent language that I’ve decided to learn which I started up on about five weeks ago. Tomemos el rumano porque es el idioma más reciente que he decidido aprender y que empecé hace unas cinco semanas. ルーマニア語は、約5週間前に始めた、私が学ぶことにした最新の言語であるため、取り上げましょう。 Vejamos o romeno, porque é a língua mais recente que decidi aprender e que comecei a aprender há cerca de cinco semanas. Romenceyi ele alalım çünkü bu, öğrenmeye karar verdiğim ve yaklaşık beş hafta önce başladığım en son dil. 就拿罗马尼亚语来说吧,这是我最近决定学习的一门语言,大约五周前开始学习。

At first, we had no Romanian at LingQ. Al principio, no teníamos rumano en LingQ. 当初、LingQにはルーマニア語がありませんでした。 No início, não tínhamos romeno no LingQ. İlk başta LingQ'da hiç Romence bilmiyorduk. 起初,我们在 LingQ 没有罗马尼亚语。 I went out and bought Pimsleur. Salí y compré Pimsleur. 外に出てピンズラーを買いました。 나는 나가서 Pimsleur를 샀다. Comprei o Pimsleur. Dışarı çıktım ve Pimsleur aldım. 我去买了 Pimsleur。 It cost me $25 or $30. Me costó $25 o $30. Custou-me 25 ou 30 dólares. Bana 25 ya da 30 dolara mal oldu. 我花了 25 或 30 美元。 I listened to it once. I listened to it once. Lo escuché una vez. 一度聞いたことがあります。 나는 그것을 한 번 들었다. Ouvi-o uma vez. Bir kere dinlemiştim. 我听过一次。 So while I have said that I think it’s a good icebreaker into the language, I can’t listen to it again because there’s too much English. So while I have said that I think it's a good icebreaker into the language, I can't listen to it again because there's too much English. Entonces, aunque dije que creo que es un buen rompehielos en el idioma, no puedo volver a escucharlo porque hay demasiado inglés. だから私はそれがその言語への良い砕氷船であると思いますが、英語が多すぎるのでそれを再び聞くことはできません。 그래서 나는 그것이 언어에 대한 좋은 쇄빙선이라고 생각하지만 영어가 너무 많아서 다시는들을 수 없습니다. Por isso, embora tenha dito que acho que é um bom quebra-gelo para a língua, não posso voltar a ouvi-lo porque tem demasiado inglês. Bu yüzden, dil konusunda iyi bir buz kırıcı olduğunu düşündüğümü söylemiş olsam da, çok fazla İngilizce olduğu için tekrar dinleyemiyorum. 因此,虽然我说过我认为这是一个很好的语言破冰之旅,但我不能再听了,因为有太多的英语。 I don’t like being prompted to speak. No me gusta que me pidan que hable. 私は話すように促されるのが好きではありません。 나는 말하라는 메시지가 마음에 들지 않습니다. Não gosto que me peçam para falar. Konuşmamın istenmesinden hoşlanmıyorum. 我不喜欢被提示说话。 我不喜欢别人催我说话。 I didn’t learn all the words that are in that first Pimsleur recording, but I’m not interested in going over and over and over the same questions about do I want to eat, do I want to drink, do I understand Romanian and so forth. I didn't learn all the words that are in that first Pimsleur recording, but I'm not interested in going over and over and over the same questions about do I want to eat, do I want to drink, do I understand Romanian and so forth. No me aprendí todas las palabras que están en esa primera grabación de Pimsleur, pero no me interesa repetir una y otra vez las mismas preguntas sobre si quiero comer, quiero beber, si entiendo rumano y así sucesivamente. 最初のピンズラーの録音にあるすべての単語を学んだわけではありませんが、同じ質問を何度も何度も繰り返すことには興味がありません。食べたいのか、飲みたいのか、ルーマニア語を理解しているのか、など。 Não aprendi todas as palavras que estão na primeira gravação do Pimsleur, mas não estou interessado em repetir vezes sem conta as mesmas perguntas sobre se quero comer, se quero beber, se percebo romeno, etc. İlk Pimsleur kaydındaki tüm kelimeleri öğrenmedim, ancak yemek istiyor muyum, içmek istiyor muyum, Romence anlıyor muyum ve benzeri aynı soruları tekrar tekrar sormakla ilgilenmiyorum. 我没有学习Pimsleur第一次录音中的所有单词,但是我对遍历一遍又一遍的有关我想吃饭,想喝酒,我懂罗马尼亚语和等等。 我并没有学会第一段 Pimsleur 录音中的所有单词,但我对一遍又一遍地问 "我想吃饭吗"、"我想喝酒吗"、"我听得懂罗马尼亚语吗 "之类的问题不感兴趣。 To me, that’s a relatively poor return on investment. 私にとって、それは投資収益率が比較的低いです。 나에게 이것은 상대적으로 투자 수익률이 낮습니다. Para mim, trata-se de um retorno relativamente fraco do investimento. Bana göre bu, nispeten düşük bir yatırım getirisi. 在我看来,这样的投资回报率相对较低。 It becomes a much better return on investment if you borrow it from the library. Se convierte en un retorno de la inversión mucho mejor si lo toma prestado de la biblioteca. 図書館から借りれば、はるかに優れた投資収益率になります。 도서관에서 빌리면 훨씬 더 나은 투자 수익이됩니다. O retorno do investimento é muito melhor se o emprestar na biblioteca. Kütüphaneden ödünç alırsanız çok daha iyi bir yatırım getirisi elde edersiniz. 如果从图书馆借阅,投资回报会更好。 Now, the second thing I did was I found I had an old copy of Teach Yourself kicking around without a CD, so I started reading through that. Das zweite, was ich tat, war, dass ich eine alte Ausgabe von Teach Yourself hatte, die ohne CD herumwirbelte, also fing ich an, das durchzulesen. Ahora, lo segundo que hice fue encontrar que tenía una copia vieja de Teach Yourself dando vueltas sin un CD, así que comencé a leer eso. さて、2番目にしたことは、Teach Yourselfの古いコピーがCDなしで動き回っていることに気づいたので、それを読み始めました。 두 번째로 제가 CD없이 걷어차는 오래된 Teach Yourself 사본을 가지고 있다는 것을 알게되었습니다. A segunda coisa que fiz foi descobrir que tinha uma cópia antiga do Teach Yourself sem CD, por isso comecei a lê-la. Второе, что я сделал, - обнаружил, что у меня есть старая копия Teach Yourself без компакт-диска, и начал читать по ней. Yaptığım ikinci şey ise CD'si olmayan eski bir Teach Yourself kitabım olduğunu fark etmem oldu ve onu okumaya başladım. 现在,我做的第二件事是,我发现自己有一本没有光盘的旧版《自学成才》,于是我开始通读这本书。

Then I went to the library and borrowed Teach Yourself with the CD, so I was able to listen and read. Luego fui a la biblioteca y tomé prestado Teach Yourself con el CD, así que pude escuchar y leer. それから図書館に行って、Teach Yourself を CD で借りたので、聞いたり読んだりすることができました。 Depois fui à biblioteca e pedi emprestado o Teach Yourself com o CD, para poder ouvir e ler. Sonra kütüphaneye gittim ve CD'li Teach Yourself'i ödünç aldım, böylece hem dinleyebildim hem de okuyabildim. 后来我去图书馆借了《自学》的光盘,这样我就可以边听边读了。 Again, the CDs I only listened to once because, again, there’s English on them. 繰り返しになりますが、私が一度だけ聞いたCDは、英語が含まれているためです。 Mais uma vez, os CDs só ouvi uma vez porque, mais uma vez, estão em inglês. Yine, CD'leri sadece bir kez dinledim çünkü yine içlerinde İngilizce var. 同样,这些 CD 我只听过一次,因为里面有英语。 The book, however, is quite useful. しかし、この本は非常に役に立ちます。 그러나이 책은 매우 유용합니다. O livro é, no entanto, bastante útil. Ancak kitap oldukça faydalı. 不过,这本书还是相当有用的。 There’s a better return on the investment in the book because I am constantly referring back to the book and I’ll explain why in a second. Hay un mejor retorno de la inversión en el libro porque constantemente me estoy refiriendo al libro y explicaré por qué en un segundo. 私は常に本を参照しているので、本への投資のより良い見返りがあります。その理由をすぐに説明します。 나는 계속해서 책을 다시 참조하기 때문에 책에 대한 투자에 대한 더 나은 수익이 있습니다. 그리고 나는 왜 그 이유를 설명 할 것입니다. O investimento no livro é mais rentável porque estou constantemente a consultar o livro e explicarei porquê daqui a pouco. Вложения в книгу окупаются лучше, потому что я постоянно обращаюсь к ней, и сейчас я объясню, почему. Kitaba yaptığım yatırımın geri dönüşü daha iyi çünkü sürekli kitaba geri dönüyorum ve nedenini birazdan açıklayacağım. 这本书的投资回报率更高,因为我经常翻阅这本书,稍后我会解释原因。 The third thing I did is I went on the Internet and I saw that there was a thing called Complete Romanian available on Amazon, so I ordered it. Lo tercero que hice fue conectarme a Internet y vi que había algo llamado Rumano completo disponible en Amazon, así que lo ordené. 3番目にインターネットにアクセスしたところ、AmazonでCompleteRomanianというものがあるのを見て注文しました。 세 번째로 인터넷에 접속했는데 Amazon에서 Complete Romanian이라는 제품이 있다는 것을 알았으므로 주문했습니다. A terceira coisa que fiz foi ir à Internet e vi que havia uma coisa chamada Complete Romanian disponível na Amazon, por isso encomendei-a. Yaptığım üçüncü şey ise internete girdim ve Amazon'da Complete Romanian diye bir şey olduğunu gördüm, ben de sipariş ettim. 我做的第三件事是上网,看到亚马逊上有一本叫《完全罗马尼亚语》的书,于是我就订购了。

It’s also from Teach Yourself. También es de Teach Yourself. TeachYourselfからもです。 Também é da Teach Yourself. Ayrıca Teach Yourself'ten. 它也出自《自学成才》。 I believe that with these starter books, it’s actually quite a good return on investment to cover the same material from different angles. Creo que con estos libros de inicio, en realidad es un buen retorno de la inversión para cubrir el mismo material desde diferentes ángulos. これらのスターターブックでは、同じ資料をさまざまな角度からカバーすることは、実際にはかなりの投資収益率であると思います。 나는이 첫 책들과 함께, 실제로는 다른 각도에서 같은 재료를 다루는 것이 상당히 좋은 투자 수익이라고 생각합니다. Penso que, com estes livros de iniciação, é de facto um bom retorno do investimento cobrir o mesmo material de diferentes ângulos. Bu başlangıç kitaplarıyla, aynı konuyu farklı açılardan ele almanın aslında oldukça iyi bir yatırım getirisi olduğuna inanıyorum. 我认为,对于这些入门书籍来说,从不同的角度介绍相同的内容实际上是一种很好的投资回报。 So I thought this would be a different book, but much to my disappointment, I discovered what Teach Yourself markets as Complete Romanian is absolutely identical to what they call Teach Yourself. Así que pensé que este sería un libro diferente, pero para mi gran decepción, descubrí que lo que Teach Yourself comercializa como Complete Romanian es absolutamente idéntico a lo que ellos llaman Teach Yourself. それで、これは別の本になると思いましたが、残念なことに、完全なルーマニア語としてTeach Yourselfが販売しているものは、彼らがTeachYourselfと呼んでいるものとまったく同じであることがわかりました。 Por isso, pensei que este seria um livro diferente, mas para grande desilusão minha, descobri que o que a Teach Yourself comercializa como Complete Romanian é absolutamente idêntico ao que eles chamam Teach Yourself. Я думала, что это будет совсем другая книга, но, к своему разочарованию, обнаружила, что то, что Teach Yourself называет Complete Romanian, абсолютно идентично тому, что они называют Teach Yourself. Bu yüzden bunun farklı bir kitap olacağını düşünmüştüm, ancak hayal kırıklığına uğradım, Teach Yourself'in Complete Romanian olarak pazarladığı şeyin, Teach Yourself olarak adlandırdıkları şeyle tamamen aynı olduğunu keşfettim. 因此,我以为这将是一本与众不同的书,但令我失望的是,我发现《Teach Yourself》所推销的《完全罗马尼亚语》与他们所谓的《Teach Yourself》完全相同。 So now I’ve paid, again, for something that I already had. だから今、私はすでに持っていたものにもう一度支払いました。 이제 나는 이미 가지고있는 것에 대해 다시 지불했습니다. Assim, voltei a pagar por algo que já tinha. Yani şimdi zaten sahip olduğum bir şey için tekrar para ödedim. 所以,现在我又为我已经拥有的东西付出了代价。 That is, I had the book and the CDs I could get from the library. Es decir, tenía el libro y los CD que podía sacar de la biblioteca. つまり、図書館で借りられる本と CD を持っていたのです。 즉, 나는 도서관에서 구할 수있는 책과 CD를 가지고있었습니다. Ou seja, eu tinha o livro e os CDs que podia obter na biblioteca. То есть у меня была книга и диски, которые я мог взять в библиотеке. Yani elimde kitap ve kütüphaneden alabileceğim CD'ler vardı. 也就是说,我有这本书,还能从图书馆借到光盘。 I’ve returned them, I don’t need them anymore. 返品しました。もう必要ありません。 반품했습니다. 더 이상 필요 없습니다. Devolvi-os, já não preciso deles. Onları iade ettim, artık onlara ihtiyacım yok. 我已经退掉了,我不再需要它们了。 So that was kind of a waste of money. So that was kind of a waste of money. Así que eso fue una especie de desperdicio de dinero. Quindi era una specie di spreco di denaro. だから、それは一種のお金の無駄でした。 그것은 일종의 돈 낭비였습니다. Por isso, foi uma espécie de desperdício de dinheiro. Yani bu biraz para kaybı oldu. 所以说,那是在浪费钱。 But the reason why these little books are quite handy is that, first of all, you have the little dialogues which after a while get a bit tiring, but they do have a number of grammatical explanations with lots of examples and I find myself constantly reading these examples and picking up on stuff. Pero la razón por la que estos libritos son bastante útiles es que, en primer lugar, tienes los pequeños diálogos que después de un tiempo se vuelven un poco agotadores, pero tienen una serie de explicaciones gramaticales con muchos ejemplos y me encuentro leyendo constantemente. estos ejemplos y recogiendo cosas. しかし、これらの小さな本が非常に便利である理由は、まず第一に、しばらくすると少し疲れる小さな会話がありますが、それらには多くの例を含む文法的な説明がたくさんあり、私は常に読んでいますこれらの例とものを取り上げます。 Mas a razão pela qual estes pequenos livros são bastante úteis é que, em primeiro lugar, temos os pequenos diálogos que, ao fim de algum tempo, se tornam um pouco cansativos, mas têm uma série de explicações gramaticais com muitos exemplos e eu dou por mim a ler constantemente estes exemplos e a apanhar coisas. Но причина, по которой эти маленькие книжки очень удобны, заключается в том, что, во-первых, в них есть небольшие диалоги, которые через некоторое время начинают немного утомлять, но в них есть ряд грамматических объяснений с большим количеством примеров, и я постоянно читаю эти примеры и улавливаю суть. Ancak bu küçük kitapların oldukça kullanışlı olmasının nedeni, her şeyden önce, bir süre sonra biraz yorucu hale gelen küçük diyaloglara sahip olmanız, ancak çok sayıda örnekle birlikte bir dizi gramer açıklamasına sahip olmaları ve kendimi sürekli olarak bu örnekleri okurken ve bir şeyler alırken buluyorum. 但是这些小书之所以很方便的原因是,首先,您进行的对话很少,但过一会儿会很累,但是它们确实有很多语法上的解释,并附有很多例子,我发现自己一直在阅读这些示例,然后继续学习。 不过,这些小书之所以非常方便,是因为首先,你有一些小对话,看久了会有点累,但它们确实有一些语法解释,并附有很多例子,我发现自己经常阅读这些例子,并从中获得一些东西。

The other useful thing in these is you can go to the back of the book and there they have the answers to the questions. La otra cosa útil de estos es que puedes ir al final del libro y allí tienen las respuestas a las preguntas. これらの他の便利な点は、本の最後に行くことができ、そこに質問への回答があることです. Outra coisa útil nestes livros é o facto de se poder ir à parte de trás do livro e aí ter as respostas às perguntas. Еще одна полезная вещь в этих книгах - вы можете перейти на заднюю страницу и найти там ответы на вопросы. Bu kitaplardaki bir diğer faydalı şey ise kitabın arkasına geçebilmeniz ve orada soruların cevaplarının bulunmasıdır. 这些书的另一个有用之处是,你可以翻到书的后面,那里有问题的答案。 Now, I don’t do the questions because I just don’t like doing them and I’m not convinced that it’s that useful to be forcing my brain to try to remember stuff, but here you can see the answers to questions. Ahora, no hago las preguntas porque simplemente no me gusta hacerlas y no estoy convencido de que sea tan útil forzar a mi cerebro a tratar de recordar cosas, pero aquí puedes ver las respuestas a las preguntas. 今、私は質問をするのが好きではなく、脳に何かを覚えさせようとすることがそれほど有用であるとは確信していないので、質問はしませんが、ここで質問の答えを見ることができます。 Agora, não faço as perguntas porque não gosto de as fazer e não estou convencido de que seja assim tão útil forçar o meu cérebro a tentar lembrar-se de coisas, mas aqui pode ver as respostas às perguntas. Şimdi, soruları yapmıyorum çünkü onları yapmayı sevmiyorum ve beynimi bir şeyleri hatırlamaya zorlamanın o kadar da faydalı olduğuna ikna olmadım, ancak burada soruların cevaplarını görebilirsiniz. 现在,我不做这些问题,因为我不喜欢做这些问题,而且我也不相信强迫我的大脑去记忆东西会有什么用处,但在这里你可以看到问题的答案。

So, typically, it will deal with one issue, pronouns or a certain tense or something. Quindi, in genere, affronterà un problema, pronomi o un certo tempo o qualcosa del genere. したがって、通常は、1つの問題、代名詞、または特定の時制などを扱います。 따라서 일반적으로 하나의 문제, 대명사 또는 특정 시제 또는 무언가를 처리합니다. Por isso, normalmente, tratará de uma questão, pronomes ou um determinado tempo verbal ou algo do género. 因此,通常情况下,它会涉及一个问题,如代词或某种时态之类。 Again, you’ll get 10 examples of that in use. Again, you'll get 10 examples of that in use. 繰り返しになりますが、使用中の10の例を取得します。 Mais uma vez, terá 10 exemplos de utilização. 同样,你会得到 10 个使用实例。 Of course you think they’re making an impact on you when you’re looking at them, but you very quickly forget them and so it’s useful to go back and look at them again. Samozřejmě si myslíte, že na vás působí, když se na ně díváte, ale velmi rychle je zapomenete, a proto je užitečné se k nim vrátit a podívat se na ně znovu. もちろん、あなたがそれらを見ているとき、あなたはそれらがあなたに影響を与えていると思います、しかしあなたはそれらをすぐに忘れるので、戻ってそれらをもう一度見ることは役に立ちます。 É claro que pensamos que estão a ter impacto em nós quando estamos a olhar para elas, mas esquecemo-las muito rapidamente e por isso é útil voltar atrás e olhar para elas novamente. Elbette onlara bakarken üzerinizde bir etki yarattıklarını düşünürsünüz, ancak onları çok çabuk unutursunuz ve bu nedenle geri dönüp onlara tekrar bakmak yararlı olur. 当然,当你看着它们时,你会觉得它们对你产生了影响,但你很快就会忘记它们,所以回头再看一遍是很有用的。 So I find that having some kind of a starter book is a good return on investment. ですから、ある種のスターターブックを持っていることは、投資に対する良い見返りであることがわかります。 Por isso, acho que ter uma espécie de livro de iniciação é um bom retorno do investimento. 因此,我发现编写一些入门书籍是一项很好的投资回报。

Whether it be Teach Yourself, Pimsleur, whatever your preference is, some kind of a starter book that you can constantly refer back to. Ať už je to Teach Yourself, Pimsleur, nebo cokoli jiného, nějaká startovací kniha, ke které se můžete neustále vracet. Teach Yourself、Pimsleur、好みが何であれ、常に参照できるスターターブックのようなものです。 Quer seja Teach Yourself, Pimsleur, qualquer que seja a sua preferência, algum tipo de livro inicial que possa consultar constantemente. 不管是 Teach Yourself 还是 Pimsleur,不管你喜欢什么,总之要有一本可以经常翻阅的入门书。 不管是 Teach Yourself 还是 Pimsleur,不管你喜欢什么,总之要有一本可以经常翻阅的入门书。 Not that you remember the explanations, but it helps you, again, to notice the language better. Ne že byste si vysvětlení pamatovali, ale zase vám to pomůže lépe si všímat jazyka. 説明を覚えているわけではありませんが、繰り返しになりますが、言語に気付くのに役立ちます。 설명을 기억하는 것이 아니라 언어를 더 잘 알아 차리는 데 도움이됩니다. Não é que se lembre das explicações, mas ajuda-o, mais uma vez, a perceber melhor a língua. 这并不是说你记住了解释,而是再次帮助你更好地注意语言。 这并不是说你记住了解释,而是再次帮助你更好地注意语言。 So I think this is a good return on investment. Quindi penso che questo sia un buon ritorno sull'investimento. ですから、これは良い投資収益率だと思います。 Por isso, penso que este é um bom retorno do investimento. 因此,我认为这是一个很好的投资回报。 因此,我认为这是一个很好的投资回报。 So return on investment, computer, absolutely, mp3 player, absolutely. したがって、投資収益率、コンピューター、絶対、mp3 プレーヤー、絶対に。 Portanto, retorno do investimento, computador, sem dúvida, leitor de mp3, sem dúvida. 所以,投资回报率,电脑,绝对是,MP3 播放器,绝对是。

For Romanian I went to Elance, as I’ve said, which is this website for outsourcing and I found people in Romania who would record these 150 example sentences of some of the more common patterns of what I want to say in Romanian, ‘why', ‘because', ‘when', ‘therefore', ‘would', ‘should', ‘could', all the different types of things you’re going to come across. ルーマニア語の場合、私が言ったように、アウトソーシングのためのこのWebサイトであるElanceに行きました。ルーマニア語で言いたいことの、より一般的なパターンのいくつかの150の例文を記録するルーマニアの人々を見つけました。 '、'なぜなら、 '、' when '、'したがって、 '、' will '、' should '、' could '、あなたが遭遇するであろうすべての異なるタイプのもの。 Para o romeno, fui ao Elance, como já disse, que é um site de subcontratação, e encontrei pessoas na Roménia que gravaram estes 150 exemplos de frases de alguns dos padrões mais comuns do que quero dizer em romeno, "porquê", "porque", "quando", "portanto", "seria", "deveria", "poderia", todos os diferentes tipos de coisas com que nos vamos deparar. 对于罗马尼亚语,我上了 Elance,就像我说过的,这是一个外包网站,我在罗马尼亚找到了一些人,他们会记录下我想用罗马尼亚语说的一些比较常见的句型,如 "为什么"、"因为"、"什么时候"、"因此"、"会"、"应该"、"可以",所有你会遇到的不同类型的东西的 150 个例句。 对于罗马尼亚语,我上了 Elance,就像我说过的,这是一个外包网站,我在罗马尼亚找到了一些人,他们会记录下我想用罗马尼亚语说的一些比较常见的句型,如 "为什么"、"因为"、"什么时候"、"因此"、"会"、"应该"、"可以",所有你会遇到的不同类型的东西的 150 个例句。 I got a whole bunch of these translated into Romanian and recorded for me, so I was spending a fair amount of time listening to these simple sentences that illustrate the basic patterns of the language. Nechal jsem si jich celou řadu přeložit do rumunštiny a nahrát, takže jsem trávil dost času poslechem těchto jednoduchých vět, které ilustrují základní vzorce jazyka. たくさんのルーマニア語に翻訳して録音してもらいましたので、言語の基本的なパターンを説明するこれらの簡単な文章をかなりの時間をかけて聞いていました。 Consegui que um monte delas fossem traduzidas para romeno e gravadas para mim, por isso passava bastante tempo a ouvir estas frases simples que ilustram os padrões básicos da língua. 我得到了一大堆翻译成罗马尼亚语的句子,并为我录制了录音,所以我花了相当多的时间听这些简单的句子,这些句子说明了语言的基本模式。 我得到了一大堆翻译成罗马尼亚语的句子,并为我录制了录音,所以我花了相当多的时间听这些简单的句子,这些句子说明了语言的基本模式。 Now, that’s pretty expensive to do. さて、それを行うにはかなり費用がかかります。 Agora, isso é muito caro. 现在,这样做的成本相当高。 现在,这样做的成本相当高。

That’s quite expensive to do. それはかなり高価です。 Isso é bastante dispendioso. 这样做的成本相当高。 这样做的成本相当高。 It becomes more cost effective if I can share these with other learners, for example, at LingQ if we had a lot of people studying Romanian, which we don’t. Se vuelve más rentable si puedo compartir esto con otros estudiantes, por ejemplo, en LingQ si tuviéramos muchas personas estudiando rumano, lo cual no es así. これらを他の学習者と共有できれば、費用対効果が高くなります。たとえば、LingQで、ルーマニア語を勉強している人がたくさんいる場合は、そうではありません。 Torna-se mais rentável se eu puder partilhá-los com outros alunos, por exemplo, no LingQ, se tivéssemos muitas pessoas a estudar romeno, o que não é o caso. 如果我能与其他学习者分享这些内容,成本效益就会更高,例如,在 LingQ,如果我们有很多人学习罗马尼亚语,但我们没有。 如果我能与其他学习者分享这些内容,成本效益就会更高,例如,在 LingQ,如果我们有很多人学习罗马尼亚语,但我们没有。 Although, I have put these up on LingQ as lessons and they’ve been studied by 25-30 different people and, again, on LingQ I will eventually get points. I když jsem je dal na LingQ jako lekce a studovalo je 25-30 různých lidí a opět na LingQ nakonec dostanu body. Aunque los he puesto en LingQ como lecciones y han sido estudiados por 25-30 personas diferentes y, nuevamente, en LingQ eventualmente obtendré puntos. しかし、私はこれらをレッスンとしてLingQに載せ、25〜30人の異なる人々によって研究されてきました。また、LingQでは、最終的にポイントを獲得します。 No entanto, coloquei-as no LingQ como lições e foram estudadas por 25-30 pessoas diferentes e, mais uma vez, no LingQ acabarei por ganhar pontos. 不过,我已经把这些内容作为课程放到了 LingQ 上,已经有 25-30 个不同的人学习过了,同样,我最终也会在 LingQ 上获得积分。 不过,我已经把这些内容作为课程放到了 LingQ 上,已经有 25-30 个不同的人学习过了,同样,我最终也会在 LingQ 上获得积分。 Every month that people are using these, I get points which I can use for learning other languages. 毎月、人々がこれらを使用していると、他の言語を学ぶために使用できるポイントを獲得します。 Todos os meses em que as pessoas as utilizam, recebo pontos que posso utilizar para aprender outras línguas. 每个月只要有人使用,我就能获得积分,可以用来学习其他语言。 每个月只要有人使用,我就能获得积分,可以用来学习其他语言。 So, to that extent, that investment I can amortize by having other people also share in them. Takže v tomto rozsahu mohu tuto investici umořit tím, že se na ní budou podílet i další lidé. ですから、その範囲で、他の人にも共有してもらうことで、その投資を償却することができます。 따라서, 다른 사람들도 그들과 공유하게함으로써 투자를 상각 할 수 있습니다. Por isso, nessa medida, esse investimento pode ser amortizado se outras pessoas também o partilharem. 因此,在这种程度上,我可以通过让其他人也分享这些投资来摊薄投资。 因此,在这种程度上,我可以通过让其他人也分享这些投资来摊薄投资。 So that was effective. だからそれは効果的でした。 그래서 효과적이었습니다. Portanto, isso foi eficaz. 所以这很有效。 所以这很有效。 The other thing I did was I found Radio Romania which has excellent podcasts, both the daily news as well as podcasts on history. 私がしたもう一つのことは、毎日のニュースと歴史に関するポッドキャストの両方で優れたポッドキャストを持っているラジオルーマニアを見つけたことです。 A outra coisa que fiz foi encontrar a Radio Romania, que tem podcasts excelentes, tanto sobre as notícias diárias como sobre história. 我做的另一件事是找到了罗马尼亚电台,它有非常棒的播客,既有每日新闻,也有关于历史的播客。 我做的另一件事是找到了罗马尼亚电台,它有非常棒的播客,既有每日新闻,也有关于历史的播客。

So again through Elance, I got some Romanians to help me transcribe these so that I could read them and have a better chance of understanding them and, again, import them into LingQ and save them and so forth and so on. مرة أخرى، من خلال Elance، طلبت من بعض الرومانيين مساعدتي في نسخ هذه الكلمات حتى أتمكن من قراءتها والحصول على فرصة أفضل لفهمها، ومرة أخرى، استيرادها إلى LingQ وحفظها وما إلى ذلك وما إلى ذلك. Takže jsem opět přes Elance sehnal několik Rumunů, kteří mi je pomohli přepsat, abych si je mohl přečíst a měl lepší šanci jim porozumět a opět je importovat do LingQ a uložit atd. a tak dále. そこで、再びElanceを通じて、ルーマニア人にこれらの文字起こしを手伝ってもらい、読んで理解できるようにしました。また、LingQにインポートして、保存するなどの方法を学びました。 Assim, mais uma vez através do Elance, consegui que alguns romenos me ajudassem a transcrevê-las para que eu as pudesse ler e ter mais hipóteses de as compreender e, mais uma vez, importá-las para o LingQ e guardá-las, etc., etc. 因此,我又通过 Elance 找了一些罗马尼亚人帮我抄写这些内容,这样我就可以阅读它们,并有更好的机会理解它们,然后再将它们导入 LingQ 并保存,如此反复。 因此,我又通过 Elance 找了一些罗马尼亚人帮我抄写这些内容,这样我就可以阅读它们,并有更好的机会理解它们,然后再将它们导入 LingQ 并保存,如此反复。 Again, that’s not cheap. Again, that's not cheap. 繰り返しますが、それは安くはありません。 Mais uma vez, isso não é barato. 同样,这也不便宜。 同样,这也不便宜。 Of the 15-20 different quotes I got, the cheapest was $15 per audio hour. 私が得た15〜20の異なる見積もりの中で、最も安かったのはオーディオ時間あたり15ドルでした。 Dos 15-20 orçamentos diferentes que recebi, o mais barato era de 15 dólares por hora de áudio. 在我得到的 15-20 个不同报价中,最便宜的是每音频小时 15 美元。 在我得到的 15-20 个不同报价中,最便宜的是每音频小时 15 美元。 Then when they did it they found that it was just too difficult to do. Když to pak udělali, zjistili, že je to příliš obtížné. それから彼らがそれをしたとき、彼らはそれをするのが難しすぎることに気づきました。 Depois, quando o fizeram, descobriram que era demasiado difícil de fazer. 但当他们去做的时候,却发现这实在是太难了。 但当他们去做的时候,却发现这实在是太难了。 You really have to find someone who’s an expert transcriber who can do it very quickly, which is what we do for some other languages where we have people who are very good and who charge us quite reasonable rates for transcribing. Musíte opravdu najít někoho, kdo je odborníkem na přepis, který to dokáže udělat velmi rychle, což děláme pro některé další jazyky, kde máme lidi, kteří jsou velmi dobří a kteří nám za přepis účtují docela rozumné sazby. Realmente tienes que encontrar a alguien que sea un transcriptor experto que pueda hacerlo muy rápido, que es lo que hacemos con otros idiomas donde tenemos personas que son muy buenas y que nos cobran tarifas bastante razonables por transcribir. あなたは本当にそれを非常に迅速に行うことができる専門家の転記者である誰かを見つける必要があります。 É preciso encontrar alguém que seja um transcritor experiente e que o possa fazer muito rapidamente, que é o que fazemos para algumas outras línguas, onde temos pessoas que são muito boas e que nos cobram preços bastante razoáveis pela transcrição. 你真的必须找到一个能够快速完成誊写工作的誊写专家,这就是我们为其他语言所做的工作,我们有非常优秀的誊写专家,他们向我们收取相当合理的誊写费用。 你真的必须找到一个能够快速完成誊写工作的誊写专家,这就是我们为其他语言所做的工作,我们有非常优秀的誊写专家,他们向我们收取相当合理的誊写费用。 Here again, because I don’t have permission from Radio Romania to share these in our library, even assuming that there are people who want to study them at LingQ, I can’t share them so I can’t amortize my cost. I zde platí, že protože nemám povolení od Rádia Rumunsko sdílet je v naší knihovně, a to i za předpokladu, že se najdou lidé, kteří je chtějí studovat v LingQ, nemohu je sdílet, takže nemohu amortizovat své náklady. ここでも、Radio Romaniaから図書館で共有する許可を得ていないため、LingQで勉強したい人がいるとしても、共有できないため、費用を償却できません。 Mais uma vez, como não tenho autorização da Radio Romania para os partilhar na nossa biblioteca, mesmo partindo do princípio de que há pessoas que os querem estudar no LingQ, não os posso partilhar, pelo que não posso amortizar o meu custo. И опять же, поскольку у меня нет разрешения от "Радио Румынии" на их размещение в нашей библиотеке, даже если предположить, что есть люди, которые хотят изучать их в LingQ, я не могу поделиться ими, поэтому не могу амортизировать свои затраты. 同样,由于我没有得到罗马尼亚广播电台的许可在我们的图书馆共享这些资料,即使假设有人想在 LingQ 学习这些资料,我也不能共享它们,因此我无法摊销我的成本。 同样,由于我没有得到罗马尼亚广播电台的许可在我们的图书馆共享这些资料,即使假设有人想在 LingQ 学习这些资料,我也不能共享它们,因此我无法摊销我的成本。

What I’ve now found is that on the Radio Romania website, if I poke around, I can find bits and pieces that are transcribed and so I just use those and hope that what I’m listening to, eventually, I’ll find something that has actually been transcribed. Teď jsem zjistil, že když se porozhlédnu po webových stránkách Rádia Rumunsko, najdu tam kousky, které jsou přepsané, a tak je prostě používám a doufám, že to, co poslouchám, nakonec najdu něco, co je skutečně přepsané. Lo que ahora descubrí es que en el sitio web de Radio Romania, si husmeo, puedo encontrar partes que están transcritas, así que las uso y espero que lo que estoy escuchando, eventualmente, encuentre algo que realmente ha sido transcrito. 私が今見つけたのは、ラジオルーマニアのウェブサイトで、私がいじくり回すと、転写された断片を見つけることができるので、それらを使用して、私が聞いているものが最終的に見つかることを願っています実際に転写されたもの。 O que descobri agora é que no sítio Web da Rádio Roménia, se andar à procura, posso encontrar pedaços que estão transcritos e, por isso, uso-os e espero que o que estou a ouvir acabe por encontrar algo que tenha sido realmente transcrito. 我现在发现,在罗马尼亚广播电台的网站上,如果我四处打探,可以找到一些转录的片段,所以我就用这些片段,希望我听的内容最终能找到真正被转录的内容。 我现在发现,在罗马尼亚广播电台的网站上,如果我四处打探,可以找到一些转录的片段,所以我就用这些片段,希望我听的内容最终能找到真正转录的内容。 So, again, the return on investment in doing those kinds of things, where you’re getting people to record things for you or transcribe things for you, is better if you have a lot of people sharing in that. Takže návratnost investic do těchto činností, kdy pro vás lidé nahrávají nebo přepisují, je lepší, pokud se na nich podílí více lidí. したがって、繰り返しになりますが、多くの人が共有している場合は、人々にあなたのために物事を記録したり、物事を書き写したりするようなことを行うことへの投資収益率が高くなります。 Por isso, mais uma vez, o retorno do investimento nesse tipo de coisas, em que se pede a pessoas que gravem ou transcrevam coisas para nós, é melhor se tivermos muitas pessoas a participar. 因此,如果有很多人共同参与,那么做这类事情的投资回报就会更好。 因此,如果有很多人共同参与,那么做这类事情的投资回报就会更好。 Also, things to invest in, obviously, you’ve got an mp3 player. また、投資するものは、明らかに、mp3プレーヤーを持っています。 또한 투자해야 할 것은 mp3 플레이어입니다. Além disso, há coisas em que investir, como é óbvio, um leitor de mp3. Ayrıca, yatırım yapılacak şeyler, tabii ki bir mp3 çalarınız var. 另外,需要投资的东西,很明显,你有一个 MP3 播放器。 另外,需要投资的东西,很明显,你有一个 MP3 播放器。

I have several on the go. Ne ho parecchie in movimento. 外出先でいくつか持っています。 이동 중에 몇 가지가 있습니다. Tenho vários em movimento. Yanımda birkaç tane var. 我有好几个在路上。 我有好几个在路上。 I’ve got my little Nano, which is the latest one, but I also have my older Nano and this has the advantage that I can put it in a dock so that if I’m exercising I don’t have to wear my earphones. Mám svůj malý Nano, který je nejnovější, ale mám i starší Nano a ten má tu výhodu, že ho můžu dát do doku, takže když cvičím, nemusím mít na uších sluchátka. 私は最新の小さなNanoを持っていますが、古いNanoも持っています。これには、ドックに入れることができるという利点があり、運動しているときにイヤホンを着用する必要がありません。 。 Ik heb mijn kleine Nano, de nieuwste, maar ik heb ook mijn oudere Nano en dit heeft als voordeel dat ik hem in een dock kan plaatsen, zodat ik als ik aan het sporten ben mijn oortelefoons niet hoef te dragen . Tenho o meu pequeno Nano, que é o mais recente, mas também tenho o meu Nano mais antigo e este tem a vantagem de poder colocá-lo numa base de ligação para que, se estiver a fazer exercício, não tenha de usar os auscultadores. En yenisi olan küçük Nano'm var, ama aynı zamanda eski Nano'm da var ve bunun bir avantajı var, onu bir yuvaya koyabiliyorum, böylece egzersiz yapıyorsam kulaklığımı takmak zorunda kalmıyorum. 我有我的小 Nano,它是最新的,但我也有我的旧 Nano,它的好处是我可以把它放在底座上,这样如果我在运动,就不用戴耳机了。 我有我的小 Nano,它是最新的,但我也有我的旧 Nano,它的好处是我可以把它放在底座上,这样如果我在运动,就不用戴耳机了。 I’m not convinced that wearing earphones all the time is so good for you. I'm not convinced that wearing earphones all the time is so good for you. いつもイヤホンをつけているのがあなたにとってとても良いとは思いません。 Não estou convencido de que usar auscultadores a toda a hora seja assim tão bom para nós. Her zaman kulaklık takmanın sizin için çok iyi olduğuna ikna olmadım. 我不相信一直戴着耳机对身体有什么好处。 我不相信一直戴着耳机对身体有什么好处。 These are the ones I use when I go jogging. ジョギングの時に使っているものです。 이것들은 내가 조깅 할 때 사용하는 것들입니다. Estes são os que utilizo quando faço jogging. Koşuya çıktığımda bunları kullanıyorum. 这些是我慢跑时使用的。 这些是我慢跑时使用的。 At one point I had the kind that plug right into your ear, but I find them not very good for my ear. At one point I had the kind that plug right into your ear, but I find them not very good for me ear. Ad un certo punto ho avuto il tipo che si collega direttamente all'orecchio, ma non li trovo molto buoni per me. ある時、あなたの耳にぴったりとはまるようなものを持っていましたが、私にはあまり良くないことがわかりました。 어느 시점에서 나는 당신의 귀에 꽂는 종류를 가졌지 만, 나는 귀에 좋지 않은 것을 발견했습니다. A certa altura, tive um daqueles que se ligam diretamente ao ouvido, mas acho que não são muito bons para o meu ouvido. Когда-то у меня были такие, которые вставляются прямо в ухо, но они оказались не очень удобными для моего уха. Bir ara kulağınıza doğrudan takılanlardan vardı, ama onları kulağım için pek iyi bulmuyorum. 我曾经用过那种可以直接插入耳朵的,但我觉得对我的耳朵不太好。 我曾经用过那种可以直接插入耳朵的,但我觉得对我的耳朵不太好。 I think one has to be a little bit careful about how often you have stuff plugged into your ear. Myslím, že člověk musí být trochu opatrný v tom, jak často si nechává věci strkat do ucha. I think one has to be a little bit careful about how often you have stuff plugged into your ear. Creo que hay que tener un poco de cuidado con la frecuencia con la que te enchufas cosas al oído. 耳に物を差し込む頻度に少し注意する必要があると思います。 귀에 물건을 얼마나 자주 꽂아야하는지 조금 조심해야한다고 생각합니다. Penso que é preciso ter um pouco de cuidado com a frequência com que se tem coisas ligadas ao ouvido. Kulağınıza ne sıklıkta bir şeyler taktığınız konusunda biraz dikkatli olmanız gerektiğini düşünüyorum. 我认为,一个人必须对耳朵里塞东西的频率稍加注意。 我认为,一个人必须对耳朵里塞东西的频率稍加注意。 Then I went out and got these Bluetooth. Then I went out and got these Bluetooth. Entonces salí y conseguí estos Bluetooth. それから私は外に出て、これらのBluetoothを手に入れました。 그런 다음 나가서 Bluetooth를 얻었습니다. Depois saí e comprei estes Bluetooth. Sonra dışarı çıktım ve bu Bluetooth'u aldım. 然后我就去买了这些蓝牙。

It’s about $70, it’s an expensive set. It's about $70, it's an expensive set. 70ドルくらいと、お得なセットです。 약 $ 70이며 비싼 세트입니다. Custa cerca de 70 dólares, é um conjunto caro. Yaklaşık 70 dolar, pahalı bir set. 大约 70 美元,是一套昂贵的套装。 大约 70 美元,是一套昂贵的套装。 Extremely comfortable and I think that’s important. Extremely comfortable and I think that's important. 非常に快適で、それが重要だと思います。 매우 편안하고 그것이 중요하다고 생각합니다. Extremamente confortável e penso que isso é importante. 非常舒适,我认为这一点很重要。 非常舒适,我认为这一点很重要。 The sound quality is very good. The sound quality is very good. 音質はとても良いです。 음질이 매우 좋습니다. A qualidade do som é muito boa. 音质非常好。 音质非常好。 It’s a Bluetooth earphone thing and, therefore, I don’t get my wires snagged. Jsou to sluchátka Bluetooth, a proto se mi do nich nezasekávají dráty. Es ist eine Bluetooth-Kopfhörersache, und deshalb kann ich meine Kabel nicht hängen lassen. It's a Bluetooth earphone thing and, therefore, I don't get my wires snagged. Es de auriculares Bluetooth y, por lo tanto, no se me enganchan los cables. È una cosa auricolare Bluetooth e, quindi, non riesco a ottenere i miei fili impigliati. これはBluetoothイヤホンのものなので、ワイヤーが引っ掛かることはありません。 블루투스 이어폰이므로 전선이 걸리지 않습니다. É um auricular Bluetooth e, por isso, não fico com os fios presos. Это Bluetooth-наушники, и поэтому я не зацепляю провода. Bu bir Bluetooth kulaklık ve bu nedenle kablolarım takılmıyor. 这是一款蓝牙耳机,因此我不会把电线缠住。 这是一款蓝牙耳机,因此我不会把电线缠住。 Like if I’m doing the dishes, every time I turn around if I have my headphone on it will snare on one of the knobs or something and it goes falling to the ground, quite annoying. كما لو كنت أغسل الأطباق، في كل مرة أستدير فيها إذا كنت أضع سماعة الرأس الخاصة بي، فسوف تلتصق بأحد المقابض أو شيء من هذا القبيل وتسقط على الأرض، وهو أمر مزعج للغاية. Třeba když myju nádobí, pokaždé, když se otočím a mám nasazená sluchátka, tak se zaseknou o některý z knoflíků nebo něco podobného a spadnou na zem, což je dost otravné. Zum Beispiel, wenn ich den Abwasch mache, jedes Mal, wenn ich mich umdrehe, wenn ich meinen Kopfhörer aufhabe, wird er sich an einem der Knöpfe oder so verfangen und zu Boden fallen, ziemlich ärgerlich. Like if I'm doing the dishes, every time I turn around if I have my headphone on it will snare on one of the knobs or something and it goes falling to the ground, quite annoying. Como si estuviera lavando los platos, cada vez que me doy la vuelta, si tengo los auriculares puestos, se traba en una de las perillas o algo así y se cae al suelo, bastante molesto. Például ha mosogatok, minden alkalommal, amikor megfordulok, ha a fejhallgatóm van rajtam, akkor az egyik gombon vagy valamin elakad, és a földre esik, elég idegesítő. お皿を洗うときと同じように、ヘッドホンをつけていると振り返るたびに、つまみなどに引っ掛かり、地面に落ちてしまい、かなり迷惑です。 설거지를하는 것처럼 헤드폰을 켜면 돌아올 때마다 손잡이 중 하나가 올무가되어 땅에 떨어질 수 있습니다. Por exemplo, se estiver a lavar a loiça, sempre que me viro, se tiver os auscultadores ligados, eles vão bater num dos botões ou algo do género e vão cair no chão, o que é bastante irritante. Например, если я мою посуду, то каждый раз, когда я поворачиваюсь, если у меня надеты наушники, они задевают одну из ручек или что-то еще, и они падают на пол, что очень раздражает. Mesela bulaşık yıkarken, kulaklığım takılıyken her arkamı döndüğümde düğmelerden birine ya da başka bir şeye takılıyor ve yere düşüyor, oldukça sinir bozucu. 比如我在洗碗的时候,每次转身如果戴着耳机,它就会卡在某个旋钮上,然后掉到地上,非常烦人。 比如我在洗碗的时候,每次转身如果戴着耳机,它就会卡在某个旋钮上,然后掉到地上,非常烦人。 So I bought those after I had these. So I bought those after I had these. Así que compré esos después de tener estos. なので、持ってから買いました。 Por isso, comprei-os depois de os ter. Bunları aldıktan sonra onları da aldım. 所以,我买了这些之后又买了这些。 所以,我买了这些之后又买了这些。

In other words, I don’t mind investing a bit of money in good listening equipment because it’s very important to be comfortable when you’re listening and, obviously, to not do damage to your ears. Jinými slovy, nevadí mi investovat trochu peněz do dobrého poslechového vybavení, protože je velmi důležité, abyste se při poslechu cítili pohodlně a samozřejmě si nepoškodili uši. In other words, I don't mind investing a bit of money in good listening equipment because it's very important to be comfortable when you're listening and, obviously, to not do damage to your ears. En otras palabras, no me importa invertir un poco de dinero en un buen equipo de escucha porque es muy importante estar cómodo cuando escuchas y, obviamente, no hacerte daño en los oídos. 言い換えれば、良いリスニング機器に少しお金を投資してもかまいません。なぜなら、聞いているときに快適であり、明らかに耳を傷つけないことが非常に重要だからです。 Por outras palavras, não me importo de investir um pouco de dinheiro num bom equipamento de audição porque é muito importante estar confortável quando se está a ouvir e, obviamente, não causar danos aos ouvidos. Başka bir deyişle, iyi bir dinleme ekipmanına biraz para yatırmaktan çekinmiyorum çünkü dinlerken rahat olmak ve tabii ki kulaklarınıza zarar vermemek çok önemli. 换句话说,我不介意花点钱买好的聆听设备,因为聆听时的舒适度非常重要,而且显然也不能对耳朵造成伤害。 换句话说,我不介意花点钱买好的聆听设备,因为聆听时的舒适度非常重要,而且显然也不能对耳朵造成伤害。 I should also mention I have my iPhone or whatever people have, Blackberry, Android and, there again, that's kind of like an extension because I can do all of my listening of mp3s on this if I want and I can also reading using LingQ, which is our LingQ app for iPhone, iPad, which reminds me that I also have an iPad. I should also mention I have my iPhone or whatever people have, Blackberry, Android and, there again, that's kind of like an extension because I can do all of my listening of mp3s on this if I want and I can also reading using iLingQ, which is our LingQ app for iPhone, iPad, which reminds me that I also have an iPad. También debo mencionar que tengo mi iPhone o lo que la gente tiene, Blackberry, Android y, una vez más, que es una especie de extensión porque puedo hacer toda mi escucha de mp3 en esto si quiero y también puedo leer usando iLingQ, que es nuestra aplicación LingQ para iPhone, iPad, lo que me recuerda que también tengo un iPad. また、iPhoneや、Blackberry、Androidなど、他の人が持っているものは何でも持っていることにも言及する必要があります。これも、必要に応じてmp3のリスニングをすべて実行でき、iLingQを使用して読むこともできるため、拡張機能のようなものです。これはiPhone、iPad用のLingQアプリで、iPadも持っていることを思い出させてくれます。 Também devo mencionar que tenho o meu iPhone ou o que quer que as pessoas tenham, Blackberry, Android e, mais uma vez, é uma espécie de extensão, porque posso ouvir todos os meus mp3s neste aparelho, se quiser, e também posso ler utilizando o iLingQ, que é a nossa aplicação LingQ para iPhone, iPad, o que me faz lembrar que também tenho um iPad. 我还应该提一下我的 iPhone 或其他设备,比如黑莓、安卓,同样,这也是一种扩展,因为如果我愿意,我可以用它来听 MP3,我还可以用 iLingQ 来阅读,这是我们 iPhone 和 iPad 上的 LingQ 应用程序,这让我想起我还有一台 iPad。 我还应该提一下我的 iPhone 或其他设备,比如黑莓、安卓,同样,这也是一种扩展,因为如果我愿意,我可以用它来听 MP3,我还可以用 iLingQ 来阅读,这是我们 iPhone 和 iPad 上的 LingQ 应用程序,这让我想起我还有一台 iPad。 Often, I’ll just save my links on the computer because it’s more convenient to do it that way, but then I actually read the text and point at the different words that I have saved or listen to it on my iPad. Často si odkazy uložím do počítače, protože je to tak pohodlnější, ale pak si text skutečně přečtu a ukazuji na různá slova, která mám uložená, nebo si ho poslechnu na iPadu. Often, I'll just save my links on the computer because it's more convenient to do it that way, but then I actually read the text and point at the different words that I have saved or listen to it on my iPad. A menudo, solo guardo mis enlaces en la computadora porque es más conveniente hacerlo de esa manera, pero luego leo el texto y señalo las diferentes palabras que he guardado o las escucho en mi iPad. 多くの場合、リンクをコンピューターに保存する方が便利なので、リンクを保存するだけですが、実際にテキストを読んで、保存したさまざまな単語をポイントしたり、iPadで聞いたりします。 종종 링크를 컴퓨터에 저장하는 것이 더 편리하기 때문에 컴퓨터에 링크를 저장하는 경우가 있지만 실제로 텍스트를 읽고 iPad에서 저장하거나들은 다른 단어를 가리 킵니다. Muitas vezes, guardo as minhas ligações no computador porque é mais cómodo fazê-lo dessa forma, mas depois leio o texto e aponto para as diferentes palavras que guardei ou ouço-o no meu iPad. 通常情况下,我会把链接保存在电脑上,因为这样做更方便,但随后我会实际阅读文本,并指出我保存的不同单词,或者用 iPad 听。 通常情况下,我会把链接保存在电脑上,因为这样做更方便,但随后我会实际阅读文本,并指出我保存的不同单词,或者用 iPad 听。 So, all of these investments are a relatively good return on investment of money and even time. So, all of these investments are a relatively good return on investment of money and even time. したがって、これらの投資はすべて、お金や時間の投資に対して比較的良好な利益をもたらします。 따라서 이러한 모든 투자는 상대적으로 돈과 시간에 대한 투자 수익률이 높습니다. Assim, todos estes investimentos representam um retorno relativamente bom do investimento de dinheiro e mesmo de tempo. 因此,所有这些投资都是相对较好的金钱甚至时间投资回报。 因此,所有这些投资都是相对较好的金钱甚至时间投资回报。

I’m not sure whether my time is best spent. Nejsem si jistý, jestli je můj čas nejlépe využitý. I'm not sure whether my time is best spent. 自分の時間を使うのが最善かどうかはわかりません。 내 시간이 가장 잘 소비되는지 잘 모르겠습니다. Não tenho a certeza se o meu tempo é mais bem empregue. 我不知道我的时间是否花得其所。 I don’t spend that much time reviewing little grammar rules, patterns and examples in the grammar book because I feel that I get more out of identifying or noticing those patterns when I’m listening to interesting content. Netrávím tolik času probíráním malých gramatických pravidel, vzorců a příkladů v gramatice, protože mám pocit, že mám větší užitek z toho, když tyto vzorce identifikuji nebo si jich všimnu, když poslouchám zajímavý obsah. I don't spend that much time reviewing little grammar rules, patterns and examples in the grammar book because I feel that I get more out of identifying or noticing those patterns when I'm listening to interesting content. No paso mucho tiempo revisando pequeñas reglas gramaticales, patrones y ejemplos en el libro de gramática porque siento que aprovecho más al identificar o notar esos patrones cuando escucho contenido interesante. 面白いコンテンツを聞いていると、それらのパターンを特定したり気づいたりすることでより多くのことが得られると感じているので、文法書の小さな文法規則、パターン、例を確認するのにそれほど多くの時間を費やしていません。 Não passo muito tempo a rever pequenas regras gramaticais, padrões e exemplos no livro de gramática, porque sinto que consigo identificar ou reparar mais nesses padrões quando estou a ouvir conteúdos interessantes. 我不會花那麼多時間複習語法書中的小語法規則、模式和示例,因為我覺得當我在聽有趣的內容時,我會從識別或註意這些模式中得到更多。 So I’m actually stealing time away from that continuous exposure and immersion to meaningful and interesting content. Takže si vlastně ukrajuju čas z neustálého vystavování se smysluplnému a zajímavému obsahu a ponořování se do něj. So I'm actually stealing time away from that continuous exposure and immersion to meaningful and interesting content. Así que en realidad le estoy robando tiempo a esa exposición e inmersión continuas en contenidos significativos e interesantes. ですから、私は実際に、意味のある興味深いコンテンツへの継続的な露出と没頭から時間を奪っています。 따라서 실제로 지속적으로 노출되고 의미 있고 흥미로운 내용에 몰입하는 시간에서 시간을 훔치고 있습니다. Por isso, na verdade, estou a roubar tempo a essa exposição e imersão contínuas em conteúdos significativos e interessantes. 因此,我实际上是在将时间从连续的曝光和沉浸到有意义和有趣的内容上浪费时间。 所以我實際上是在從持續接觸和沈浸於有意義和有趣的內容中偷走時間。 I’m taking time away from that to look at these rules and stuff, so I tend only to do that in short spurts. Mám čas na to, abych se podíval na tato pravidla a další věci, takže to dělám jen v krátkých intervalech. I'm taking time away from that to look at these rules and stuff, so I tend only to do that in short spurts. Me estoy tomando un tiempo para mirar estas reglas y esas cosas, así que tiendo a hacerlo solo en períodos cortos. 私はこれらのルールやものを見るためにそれから時間を取っているので、私はそれを短期間で行う傾向があります。 나는이 규칙들과 내용들을보기 위해 시간을 내고있다. 그래서 나는 짧은 분출로만하는 경향이있다. Estou a tirar tempo para analisar estas regras e outras coisas, por isso só costumo fazer isso em pequenos intervalos. 我要花些时间来研究这些规则和内容,所以我倾向于只在短时间内做到这一点。 我正在花時間查看這些規則和內容,所以我傾向於只在短時間內這樣做。 I’ll leave a book around, in the bathroom for example. Nechám si knihu někde poblíž, například v koupelně. I'll leave a book around, in the bathroom for example. Dejaré un libro por ahí, en el baño por ejemplo. トイレなどに本を置いておきます。 예를 들어 화장실에 책을 남길 것입니다. Deixo um livro por perto, na casa de banho, por exemplo. 我会把一本书放在身边,比如浴室里。 Here again, along the idea of going at things from different angles, I was sent this Romanian grammar by a friend and it’s in tremendous detail. I zde, s myšlenkou jít na věci z různých úhlů, mi kamarád poslal tuto rumunskou gramatiku, která je nesmírně podrobná. Here again, along the idea of going at things from different angles, I was sent this Romanian grammar by a friend and it's in tremendous detail. Aquí nuevamente, junto con la idea de ver las cosas desde diferentes ángulos, un amigo me envió esta gramática rumana y es tremendamente detallada. ここでも、さまざまな角度から物事を進めるという考えに沿って、私はこのルーマニア語の文法を友人から送られましたが、それは非常に詳細です。 Mais uma vez, seguindo a ideia de ver as coisas de diferentes ângulos, um amigo enviou-me esta gramática romena, que é muito pormenorizada. 同样,本着从不同角度看问题的想法,我的一位朋友给我发来了这本罗马尼亚语语法书,里面的内容非常详细。

No exercises. No exercises. 演習はありません。 Não há exercícios. 没有练习。 No drills. No drills. Sin ejercicios. 훈련이 없습니다. Geen oefeningen. Não há exercícios. 没有演习。 Thank you very much. Thank you very much. どうもありがとうございました。 Muito obrigado. 非常感谢。 That’s what grammar books should be. Questo è quello che dovrebbero essere i libri di grammatica. それが文法書のあるべき姿です。 É assim que os livros de gramática devem ser. 语法书就应该是这样的。 A quick explanation of the rule, this is what happens in the language, 10 examples and that’s all you need. A quick explanation of the rule, this is what happens in the language, 10 examples and that's all you need. ルールの簡単な説明、これは言語で起こることであり、10の例であり、それがあなたが必要とするすべてです。 Uma explicação rápida da regra, isto é o que acontece na língua, 10 exemplos e é tudo o que precisa. Краткое объяснение правила, вот что происходит в языке, 10 примеров - и это все, что вам нужно. 简单解释一下规则,这就是语言中会出现的情况,再举出 10 个例子,这就足够了。 No drills, questions, fill-in the blanks, multiple choice, you name it. Sin ejercicios, preguntas, llenar los espacios en blanco, opción múltiple, lo que sea. ドリル、質問、空欄への記入、複数の選択肢はありません。名前を付けてください。 Nada de exercícios, perguntas, preenchimento de espaços em branco, escolha múltipla, etc. Никаких упражнений, вопросов, заполнений, множественного выбора, как угодно. 没有操练、问题、填空、选择题,你说什么就是什么。 This is another excellent source. Esta es otra fuente excelente. これは別の優れた情報源です。 Esta é outra excelente fonte. 这是另一个极好的资料来源。 This is, basically, going through the same material, the same basic patterns of the language as you find in the Teach Yourself book, but it’s another approach presented slightly differently with different examples. V podstatě se jedná o stejnou látku, stejné základní vzorce jazyka jako v knize Naučte se sami, ale jde o jiný přístup prezentovaný trochu jinak a s jinými příklady. Esto es, básicamente, pasar por el mismo material, los mismos patrones básicos del lenguaje que encuentras en el libro Teach Yourself, pero es otro enfoque presentado de manera ligeramente diferente con diferentes ejemplos. これは、基本的に、Teach Yourselfの本にあるのと同じ資料、同じ言語の基本パターンを通過しますが、異なる例で少し異なる方法で提示される別のアプローチです。 Trata-se, basicamente, de passar pelo mesmo material, pelos mesmos padrões básicos da língua que encontra no livro Teach Yourself, mas é outra abordagem apresentada de forma ligeiramente diferente com exemplos diferentes. 基本上,这本书与《自学成才》一书中的材料、语言的基本模式是一样的,但它采用了另一种方法,用不同的例子略有不同地介绍了语言的基本模式。 Obviously, some of these tools, like the iPad, the iPhone, the mp3 player, the earphones, those you can use for a number of different languages. 明らかに、iPad、iPhone、mp3プレーヤー、イヤホンなど、さまざまな言語で使用できるツールがいくつかあります。 Obviamente, algumas destas ferramentas, como o iPad, o iPhone, o leitor de mp3, os auriculares, podem ser utilizadas para uma série de línguas diferentes. 显然,其中一些工具,如 iPad、iPhone、MP3 播放器、耳机等,可以用于多种不同的语言。

If you buy Teach Yourself or if you pay someone to transcribe or record things for you, then that’s for that specific language. Teach Yourselfを購入したり、誰かにお金を払って物事を書き写したり録音したりする場合、それはその特定の言語に当てはまります。 Als je Teach Yourself koopt of als je iemand betaalt om dingen voor je te transcriberen of op te nemen, dan is dat voor die specifieke taal. Se comprar o Teach Yourself ou se pagar a alguém para transcrever ou gravar coisas para si, então isso é para essa língua específica. 如果您购买了 "自学教材",或者花钱请人帮您抄写或录音,那么那是针对特定语言的。 There you want to be able to share the cost around. Tam chcete mít možnost rozdělit náklady. Lì vuoi essere in grado di condividere il costo in giro. そこで、コストを分担できるようにしたいのです。 거기에서 비용을 공유 할 수 있기를 원합니다. Neste caso, é necessário poder partilhar os custos. 在这方面,您希望能够分摊费用。 There are sites on the Internet like RhinoSpike where you can get stuff recorded. Na internetu existují stránky, jako je RhinoSpike, kde si můžete nechat věci nahrát. RhinoSpikeのようなインターネット上には、記録を取得できるサイトがあります。 RhinoSpike와 같은 인터넷 사이트에는 물건을 기록 할 수있는 사이트가 있습니다. Existem sítios na Internet, como o RhinoSpike, onde se podem gravar coisas. 互联网上有一些像 RhinoSpike 这样的网站,你可以在那里获得录音。 I think when it comes to correcting text Ling-8 does that. Myslím, že pokud jde o opravu textu, Ling-8 to umí. テキストの修正に関しては、Ling-8がそうしていると思います。 텍스트를 수정하는 데 Ling-8이 그렇게한다고 생각합니다. Penso que, quando se trata de corrigir texto, o Ling-8 faz isso. 我认为,Ling-8 在校正文本时就是这样做的。 We at LingQ are going to significantly facilitate this whole idea of exchange of services related to language learning. 私たちLingQは、言語学習に関連するサービスの交換というこのアイデア全体を大幅に促進する予定です。 Nós, no LingQ, vamos facilitar significativamente toda esta ideia de intercâmbio de serviços relacionados com a aprendizagem de línguas. 我们 LingQ 将大力促进与语言学习相关的服务交流。 You can look for that. Puoi cercarlo. あなたはそれを探すことができます。 Pode procurar por isso. 你可以找找看。 Within the next three-four weeks that will be happening at LingQ. Během příštích tří až čtyř týdnů se tak stane ve společnosti LingQ. 今後 3 ~ 4 週間以内に LingQ で行われる予定です。 Nas próximas três ou quatro semanas, isso estará a acontecer no LingQ. 在接下来的三四周内,LingQ 将实现这一目标。 I think, to the extent that people can help each other, that’s a great return on time and on money. 私は、人々が互いに助け合うことができる範囲で、それは時間とお金の大きな見返りだと思います。 사람들이 서로 도울 수있는 한, 그것은 시간과 돈에 큰 수익이라고 생각합니다. Penso que, na medida em que as pessoas se podem ajudar mutuamente, isso é um ótimo retorno do tempo e do dinheiro. 我认为,只要人们能够互相帮助,这就是对时间和金钱的巨大回报。 You take all of that, between the iPad, iPhone, earphones and getting people to do stuff, you’re up to $1,000, not all of which is specific to that one language. Když to všechno sečtete, mezi iPadem, iPhonem, sluchátky a nutěním lidí něco dělat, dostanete se na 1 000 dolarů, z nichž ne všechny jsou specifické pro tento jeden jazyk. Tomas todo eso, entre el iPad, el iPhone, los auriculares y hacer que la gente haga cosas, tienes hasta $ 1,000, no todo lo cual es específico para ese idioma. iPad、iPhone、イヤホンと人々に何かをさせることの間で、あなたはそのすべてを取ります、あなたは最高$ 1,000ですが、そのすべてがその1つの言語に固有のものではありません。 在iPad,iPhone,耳机和让人们做事情之间,您所花费的全部费用最高为1,000美元,而并非所有这些特定于该一种语言。 如果把所有这些都算上,再加上 iPad、iPhone、耳机以及让人们去做的事情,你就能赚到 1000 美元,而且还不全是针对那一种语言的。

Now you compare that to people who come to Vancouver, for example, to learn English. Ahora comparas eso con las personas que vienen a Vancouver, por ejemplo, para aprender inglés. 今、あなたはそれを、例えば英語を学ぶためにバンクーバーに来る人々と比較します。 Agora compare-se isso com as pessoas que vêm para Vancouver, por exemplo, para aprender inglês. 现在,你可以将其与那些来温哥华学习英语的人进行比较。 Oh, one thing I also do is I have a couple of tutors. ああ、私もしていることの1つは、2人の家庭教師がいることです。 Ah, uma coisa que também faço é ter alguns explicadores. 哦,我还做了一件事,那就是我有几个家庭教师。 I have two Romanian tutors. ルーマニア人の家庭教師が2人います。 Tenho dois explicadores de Romanian. 我有两位罗马尼亚语家教。 I do a half hour on Tuesday with one and a half hour on Thursday with the same person and then I do another a half hour with another tutor on Tuesday and on Thursday, one at 8:00 o’clock in the morning, one at 11:00 o’clock in the morning. V úterý mám půl hodiny s jedním a ve čtvrtek půl hodiny s tím samým člověkem a pak mám ještě půl hodiny s jiným učitelem v úterý a ve čtvrtek, jeden v 8:00 dopoledne, druhý v 11:00 dopoledne. 私は火曜日に30分、木曜日に同じ人と30分、火曜日と木曜日に別の家庭教師と30分、午前8時に1回、午前11時。 Faço meia hora à terça-feira com um e meia hora à quinta-feira com a mesma pessoa e depois faço outra meia hora com outro explicador à terça-feira e à quinta-feira, um às 8:00 da manhã, outro às 11:00 da manhã. 我在周二和同一位老师各上半个小时的课,周四和同一位老师上半个小时的课,然后我在周二和周四和另一位老师各上半个小时的课,一次是在早上 8 点钟,一次是在早上 11 点钟。 So, I’m getting in, basically, two hours a week of interaction with a tutor, which again costs money, but if you compare all of that to going to a school, for example, people who come to Vancouver. So, I'm getting in, basically, two hours a week of interaction with a tutor, which again costs money, but if you compare all of that to going to a school, for example, people who come to Vancouver. ですから、基本的には週に2時間、家庭教師との交流があり、これもお金がかかりますが、それをすべて学校に行くことと比較すると、たとえばバンクーバーに来る人たちです。 그래서 저는 기본적으로 일주일에 두 시간의 가정교사와의 상호 작용에 들어가고 있습니다.이 비용은 다시 비용이 들지만, 밴쿠버에 오는 사람들과 같이 학교에가는 것과 비교하면 말입니다. Portanto, estou a ter, basicamente, duas horas por semana de interação com um tutor, o que, mais uma vez, custa dinheiro, mas se compararmos tudo isso com ir a uma escola, por exemplo, as pessoas que vêm para Vancouver. Yani, temel olarak, haftada iki saat bir öğretmenle etkileşime giriyorum, bu da yine paraya mal oluyor, ancak tüm bunları bir okula gitmekle karşılaştırırsanız, örneğin Vancouver'a gelen insanlar. 因此,我基本上每周都要与辅导老师进行两个小时的互动,这也是要花钱的,但如果你把这一切与去学校相比,例如,那些来温哥华的人。 They have to come here, they have to stay with a host family, there’s $1,000 bucks a month or whatever it is. Musí sem přijet, musí bydlet v hostitelské rodině, měsíčně dostanou 1000 dolarů nebo kolik to je. 彼らはここに来なければなりません、彼らはホストファミリーと一緒にいなければなりません、月に1,000ドルかそれが何であれあります。 Têm de vir para cá, têm de ficar com uma família de acolhimento, pagam 1000 dólares por mês ou o que quer que seja. Buraya gelmek zorundalar, ev sahibi bir ailenin yanında kalmak zorundalar, aylık 1000 dolar ya da her neyse. 他们必须到这里来,住在寄宿家庭,每月有 1000 美元或其他费用。 Then they go to school, there’s another $1,000 bucks a month. Pak jdou do školy, a to je dalších 1000 dolarů měsíčně. それから彼らは学校に行きます、月にさらに1,000ドルがあります。 Depois vão para a escola, e aí são mais 1000 dólares por mês. Sonra okula gidiyorlar, ayda 1.000 dolar daha veriyorlar. 然后他们去上学,每月又要多花 1000 美元。 The reality of language learning is that it takes time and so whether you’re going to a class or not going to a class, it’s still going to take a lot of time. Realita učení jazyků je taková, že to vyžaduje čas, a tak ať už chodíte do kurzu, nebo nechodíte, stejně to zabere spoustu času. 言語学習の現実は時間がかかるので、クラスに行くかどうかにかかわらず、それでもかなりの時間がかかります。 A realidade da aprendizagem de línguas é que leva tempo e, por isso, quer vá a uma aula ou não vá a uma aula, vai levar muito tempo na mesma. Dil öğrenmenin zaman aldığı bir gerçektir ve bu nedenle bir kursa gitseniz de gitmeseniz de yine de çok zaman alacaktır. 语言学习的现实是需要时间,因此无论你去上课还是不去上课,都需要花费大量的时间。

I doubt that if I had gone to a Romanian class and spent whatever, $1,000, $1,500, $2,000 a month, I don’t think I would have learned any faster than I’m learning now. Dudo que si hubiera ido a una clase de rumano y gastado lo que sea, $1,000, $1,500, $2,000 al mes, no creo que hubiera aprendido más rápido de lo que estoy aprendiendo ahora. ルーマニア語のクラスに行って、月に1,000ドル、1,500ドル、2,000ドルを費やしたとしたら、今よりも早く学んだとは思えません。 Duvido que se tivesse ido para um curso de romeno e gastado sei lá quanto, 1000, 1500, 2000 dólares por mês, acho que não teria aprendido mais depressa do que estou a aprender agora. Eğer bir Romence kursuna gitseydim ve ayda 1.000, 1.500, 2.000 dolar harcasaydım, şu anda öğrendiğimden daha hızlı öğreneceğimi sanmıyorum. 我怀疑,如果我去上罗马尼亚语课,每个月花 1,000 美元、1,500 美元或 2,000 美元,我想我也不会比现在学得更快。 When you’re learning on your own using these resources, you go to the grammar book when you feel like it. Když se učíte sami pomocí těchto zdrojů, přejděte ke gramatice, až budete mít chuť. これらのリソースを使用して自分で学習しているときは、好きなときに文法書にアクセスします。 이 자료를 사용하여 스스로 배우면 문법 책으로갑니다. Quando está a aprender sozinho com estes recursos, vai ao livro de gramática quando lhe apetece. Bu kaynakları kullanarak kendi kendinize öğrenirken, canınız istediğinde dilbilgisi kitabına gidersiniz. 当你使用这些资源自学时,你可以在想用的时候再去看语法书。 You listen to what you feel like listening to when you feel like doing it. Escuchas lo que te apetece escuchar cuando te apetece hacerlo. Ascolti ciò che senti di ascoltare quando hai voglia di farlo. あなたはそれをやりたいと思うときにあなたが聞きたいと思うものを聞きます。 자신이하고 싶은 느낌을들을 때 듣는 것을 듣는다. Ouvimos o que nos apetece ouvir, quando nos apetece fazê-lo. Canınız ne zaman ne dinlemek isterse onu dinliyorsunuz. 你喜欢听什么,就听什么。 You’re more mobile, independent, and I think you learn just as fast or faster. あなたはより機動性があり、独立していて、同じくらい速く、またはもっと速く学ぶと思います。 당신은 더 모바일적이고 독립적이며, 나는 당신이 빨리 또는 더 빨리 배우는 것으로 생각합니다. É-se mais móvel, independente e penso que se aprende tão ou mais depressa. Daha hareketlisiniz, bağımsızsınız ve bence aynı hızda ya da daha hızlı öğreniyorsunuz. 你更加机动、独立,而且我认为你的学习速度同样快,甚至更快。 I mean I have a total of, basically, two hours, which I can step up to three hours a week of intensive one on one with my Romanian tutor and who uses the LingQ System. V podstatě mám dvě hodiny, které mohu navýšit na tři hodiny týdně intenzivního individuálního učení s mým rumunským lektorem, který používá systém LingQ. Quiero decir que tengo un total de, básicamente, dos horas, que puedo aumentar a tres horas a la semana de uno a uno intensivo con mi tutor rumano y que usa el sistema LingQ. つまり、基本的に合計2時間あります。これは、ルーマニア語の家庭教師とLingQシステムを使用している1対1の集中的な週3時間までステップアップできます。 Quer dizer, tenho um total de, basicamente, duas horas, que posso aumentar para três horas por semana de aulas intensivas individuais com o meu explicador de romeno, que utiliza o sistema LingQ. Demek istediğim, temelde iki saatim var ve bu süreyi LingQ Sistemini kullanan Romence öğretmenimle haftada üç saate kadar bire bir yoğunlaştırabiliyorum. 我的意思是,我总共有两个小时的时间,每周可以增加到三个小时,与我的罗马尼亚语外教进行一对一的强化学习,他使用的是 LingQ 系统。

In other words, the tutor will write down 10, 15, 20 phrases that I misused. Jinými slovy, lektor si zapíše 10, 15, 20 frází, které jsem použil špatně. 言い換えれば、家庭教師は私が誤用した10、15、20のフレーズを書き留めます。 Por outras palavras, o tutor escreverá 10, 15, 20 frases que utilizei incorretamente. Başka bir deyişle, öğretmen yanlış kullandığım 10, 15, 20 cümleyi yazacak. 换句话说,导师会写下我用错的 10、15、20 个短语。 I get them and I import them as content to study within LingQ and I save the words and phrases. Získávám je a importuji je jako obsah ke studiu v LingQ a ukládám slovíčka a fráze. それらを取得し、LingQ内で学習するコンテンツとしてインポートし、単語やフレーズを保存します。 Obtenho-os e importo-os como conteúdo para estudar no LingQ e guardo as palavras e frases. Onları alıyorum ve LingQ içinde çalışmak için içerik olarak içe aktarıyorum ve kelimeleri ve cümleleri kaydediyorum. 我得到它们,然后将它们导入到 LingQ 中作为学习内容,并保存单词和短语。 One of the advantages of that approach or having something like the Teach Yourself book or another grammar book around is you go back to it again and again and again so you’re not making a one-off investment. Jednou z výhod tohoto přístupu nebo toho, že máte k dispozici něco jako knihu Teach Yourself nebo jinou gramatickou příručku, je, že se k ní vracíte znovu a znovu, takže nejde o jednorázovou investici. そのアプローチの利点の1つ、またはTeach Yourselfの本や別の文法の本のようなものを持っていることの利点の1つは、何度も何度もそれに戻って、1回限りの投資をしないことです。 Uma das vantagens desta abordagem ou de ter algo como o livro Teach Yourself ou outro livro de gramática por perto é que se volta a ele vezes sem conta, pelo que não se está a fazer um investimento único. Bu yaklaşımın ya da Teach Yourself kitabı veya başka bir dilbilgisi kitabı gibi bir şeye sahip olmanın avantajlarından biri, ona tekrar tekrar geri dönmenizdir, böylece tek seferlik bir yatırım yapmazsınız. 这种方法的优点之一是,你可以反复阅读《自学成才》或其他语法书,而不是一次性投资。 I think in all of these investments you want to invest in things that you can go back to again and again and again. Myslím, že při všech těchto investicích chcete investovat do věcí, ke kterým se můžete opakovaně vracet. これらの投資のすべてにおいて、何度も何度も戻ることができるものに投資したいと思う. 나는이 모든 투자에서 당신이 계속해서 또 다시 돌아갈 수있는 것에 투자하고 싶다고 생각합니다. Penso que, em todos estes investimentos, é preferível investir em coisas a que se possa voltar uma e outra vez. Bence tüm bu yatırımlarda tekrar tekrar geri dönebileceğiniz şeylere yatırım yapmak istersiniz. 我认为,在所有这些投资中,你都希望投资于可以反复使用的东西。

So even with the things that I’ve had transcribed or that I had recorded, I can use them again and again and again. Takže i věci, které jsem si nechal přepsat nebo nahrát, mohu použít znovu a znovu a znovu. だから書き写したり録音したりしたものでも、何度でも何度でも使えます。 따라서 내가 기록했거나 기록한 것들이 있어도 반복해서 사용할 수 있습니다. Assim, mesmo com as coisas que mandei transcrever ou que gravei, posso utilizá-las vezes sem conta. Böylece yazıya döktüğüm ya da kaydettiğim şeyleri bile tekrar tekrar kullanabiliyorum. 因此,即使是我誊写或录制的东西,我也可以反复使用。 One of the difficulties with a classroom situation is you pay every month and that’s gone. Jednou z potíží v případě třídy je, že každý měsíc zaplatíte a je to pryč. 教室の状況での困難の 1 つは、毎月支払うことであり、それはなくなりました。 Uma das dificuldades numa situação de sala de aula é o facto de se pagar todos os meses e o dinheiro desaparecer. Sınıf durumunun zorluklarından biri, her ay ödeme yapıyorsunuz ve o bitiyor. 课堂教学的困难之一在于,每个月交了钱就没了。 I’m not against schools because everyone has a different way of learning, but I think when it comes to a return on investment, given that it’s a long process, one should be a little careful about how you spend your money. أنا لست ضد المدارس لأن كل شخص لديه طريقة مختلفة للتعلم، ولكن أعتقد أنه عندما يتعلق الأمر بالعائد على الاستثمار، نظرًا لأنها عملية طويلة، فيجب على المرء أن يكون حذرًا قليلاً بشأن كيفية إنفاق أمواله. Nejsem proti školám, protože každý má jiný způsob učení, ale myslím si, že pokud jde o návratnost investice, vzhledem k tomu, že jde o dlouhý proces, měl by si člověk dávat trochu pozor na to, jak utrácí své peníze. 学校のやり方は人それぞれ違うので、私は学校に反対していませんが、投資収益率に関しては、長いプロセスであることを考えると、お金の使い方には少し注意する必要があると思います。 Não sou contra as escolas, porque cada um tem uma forma diferente de aprender, mas penso que quando se trata de um retorno do investimento, dado que é um processo longo, devemos ter um pouco de cuidado com a forma como gastamos o nosso dinheiro. Okullara karşı değilim çünkü herkesin farklı bir öğrenme şekli var, ancak yatırımın geri dönüşü söz konusu olduğunda, bunun uzun bir süreç olduğu göz önüne alındığında, paranızı nasıl harcadığınız konusunda biraz dikkatli olmanız gerektiğini düşünüyorum. 我并不反对学校,因为每个人都有不同的学习方式,但我认为,考虑到投资回报是一个漫长的过程,人们在花钱时应该谨慎一些。 I think everyone needs to do their own evaluation of what represents a good return on investment for them when it comes to language learning. Myslím, že každý si musí sám vyhodnotit, co pro něj představuje dobrou návratnost investice do jazykového vzdělávání. 言語学習に関しては、誰もが自分たちにとって良い投資収益率を表すものを自分で評価する必要があると思います。 Penso que cada um precisa de fazer a sua própria avaliação do que representa um bom retorno do investimento para si no que diz respeito à aprendizagem de línguas. Bence dil öğrenimi söz konusu olduğunda herkes kendisi için neyin iyi bir yatırım getirisi olduğunu kendi değerlendirmelidir. 我认为,在语言学习方面,每个人都需要对自己的投资回报进行评估。 So there you have it, a bit of a ramble, disorganized as usual, but this time on the subject of efficiency or a return on investment in language learning. Así que ahí lo tienen, un poco de divagación, desorganizado como de costumbre, pero esta vez sobre el tema de la eficiencia o el retorno de la inversión en el aprendizaje de idiomas. さて、いつものようにまとまりのない、ちょっとした騒ぎがありますが、今回は効率性または言語学習への投資収益率の問題についてです。 Eis um pouco de divagação, desorganizada como de costume, mas desta vez sobre o tema da eficiência ou do retorno do investimento na aprendizagem de línguas. İşte, her zamanki gibi dağınık bir şekilde, ama bu kez verimlilik ya da dil öğrenimine yapılan yatırımın geri dönüşü konusunda biraz saçmaladım. 就这样,我像往常一样杂乱无章地说了一些,但这次的主题是语言学习的效率或投资回报。

Thank you for listening. Děkujeme, že jste nás vyslechli. ご聴取ありがとうございました。 Obrigado pela vossa atenção.