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Steve's Youtube Videos - General Language Learning, How to Build a Step By Step Language Study Plan

How to Build a Step By Step Language Study Plan

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here. Today I want to talk about how to build a step-by-step study plan for learning languages. Remember, if you enjoy these videos, please subscribe. You can click on the bell to get notifications, come and join me at LingQ where I learn languages. So, a study plan. I think for many of the things that are important to us, where we want to achieve success, it's often considered useful to have a, a routine, a study plan, some kind of a, of a set of activities that we feel compelled to do.

So, um, and I'm going to talk about how that applies to languages. I think the biggest thing in a study plan is that you want to develop new habits. All right, now, I've said many times that language learning is a matter of attitude and spending the time with the language. So we want to have habits that reinforce a positive attitude that give us a sense of success.

And we want to have habits that keep us with the language, at the task. That's the kind of study plan that you need to have and the kinds of things you need to do for a successful study plan for languages, is very similar to other activities that we would like to do, like getting in shape. All right. So little things, for example, just on the subject of, of, of people sometimes say to me, Steve, you seem to be quite fit, uh, for your age.

What do you eat? How do you exercise? What's your routine? So, you know, throughout my life I have done, I've always been jogging, exercising, playing hockey, playing tennis. Keeping active. I try to eat healthy food. I don't overdo greasy, heavy. You know, I always eat healthy bread, this kind of thing. Well, the same with languages. I wanted to add too,

I recently, uh, got an app it's called something about, I can't remember what it is, but it's, it's an HIIT high intensity interval training app and every morning, seven minutes. I do whatever they push at me in the way of an activity. So I'm prompted to do this, and I've now got that as a habit.

And I feel better because every morning for seven minutes I do this series of exercises. So anything like that can be very beneficial. Uh, I am in the habit of going to LingQ for my language learning. Some People are going to complain. I always promote LingQ, but I do because that's what I do. I get up in the morning.

I go to whatever course I'm on. Uh, I go play the course audio, and while preparing breakfast, I will be listening to that course. This is then gonna push me to read because there inevitably are portions of that lesson or several lessons that I listen to that I did not understand. And of course I can either shuffle, uh, the lessons or simply go through them in order.

Typically, if I'm well along in that, uh, course I'll shuffle them, but if I'm still trying to learn new words, I'll go in order. So that's a habit that I have. So I think that the study plan in, in language learning is more about your mindset, the habits you create rather than spend a half hour here, a half hour there, because so much of language learning is subjective.

It's emotional. I think it's important to engage in the activities that we enjoy doing that we feel we want to do at this particular moment. So I have found that listening tends to trigger a lot of other activities for me. So it's very simple for me. I just turn on the listing, but now I want to look up, you know, read what I listened to, uh, look up words

and that kind of thing, but another thing that's important in terms of a study plan is to make sure you surround yourself with the resources that you need. So obviously content. And I have mentioned many times that in an initial period that is going to be sort of repetitious listening to relatively simple content, with a lot of repeated, you know, vocabulary, especially high frequency verbs. At a later stage, you're listing more

out of interest, but you have to find this content of interest. You have to find the content, this repetitive content. So there is some work to be done there. Uh, I find it useful to buy one or several starter books because it's nice to hold a book in your hand. Uh, you have to find some grammar resources that you can refer to, whether it be online

or in a book. So part of a study plan is to make sure you surround yourself with the resources you need. You're going to need an MP3 player. You're going to need, um, obviously, uh, internet access to go and find these resources. Um, that's gotta be part of your study plan. In fact, I end up spending a fair amount of my, sort of, time that I devote to language journey looking for

content. For Persian and Arabic. It's difficult to find interesting content at my level, much easier to do say in English or probably in Spanish, but part of your study plan has got to be to prepare yourself. I will often go and get content and make sure I've got it imported into LingQ so that I have it ready so that when I want to go and listen, I've got enough content in front of me.

So part of your study plan has to be devoting enough time to preparing the content you're going to use... uh, Grammar resources I mentioned. Also at a certain stage in your language learning, you're going to want to speak more. And if you're not, if you don't live where the language is spoken, you're going to have to find some online people to either exchange the language with or tutors.

And I've mentioned, i-talki, which I have used, we have tutors at LingQ, but you've got to find someone to speak to. And eventually again, to my mind, in any sort of plan of, of language learning activity, the amount of speaking you do is going to increase over time, because in the first period you have to kind of break the code of the language.

You have to get some familiarity with the language. People often say, well, if you don't know anything, how can you get started? Well, that's why you deal with very short bits of content, where you have access to an online dictionary. I wouldn't want to be looking up every word in a dictionary. Uh, I find LingQ very convenient in that regard with our mini stories, lots of repetition.

Slowly, you get a foothold in the language. That's the first stage, but at a later stage, you're listening to things that are more interesting. And at that point, you want to start speaking. You want to start speaking, uh, because you want to try out what you've learned, you'll find out that you aren't able to recall a lot of the words that, that you know, passively.

So you have to get in there and start speaking, uh, speaking without worrying about the mistakes you make. And so that speaking is gotta be part of that study plan. And what I find particularly useful when I have my sessions with my tutors at LingQ is that I get a report from them of 10 or 15 words and phrases that I had trouble with.

And I have this as a record going back a year or two years, I can always go back to, um, a lesson that we had and things that I struggled with. And of course my tutors record this for me. So that's also very, you know, that, that sort of, that way of using your online, uh, uh, you know, discussions or sessions with your tutor is also very useful.

So I guess my approach to this idea of a, of a study plan is that it's, it's not so much sort of very specific, you know, 20 minutes there, half an hour there. Because that's going to vary depending on your interests, what you like to do. Some people maybe like to go through Anki. I think you want to be guided by, by what you enjoy doing and because that's going to keep your attitude positive, it's going to keep you liking it.

It's going to keep you spending enough time with it. So it's more a matter of preparing yourself, uh, trying to develop good habits, trying to develop habits that push you into the language, push you along until you find enough compelling content that that's now starting to pull you along. And then at some point, when you start speaking, be prepared to make mistakes, recognize that that it's only in making mistakes, that you're going to get better, that you're eventually going to make fewer mistakes.

So, you know, people have asked me for this, what's a step-by-step sort of plan for language learning. I I'm not sure, I think that I've often said that language learning is more of a fuzzy logic thing than a step-by-step thing. Uh, you might want to go to one of my videos where I say that language learning is a subjective process.

I've also done a video on the stages, you know, the different stages we pass through in our language learning. I think both of these videos might be worthwhile to go and have a look at, so thank you for listening. And good luck with your language learning. Bye for now.


How to Build a Step By Step Language Study Plan So erstellen Sie einen Schritt-für-Schritt-Sprachlernplan How to Build a Step By Step Language Study Plan

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here. 你好,這裡是史蒂夫考夫曼。 Today I want to talk about how to build a step-by-step study plan for learning languages. 今日は、言語を学ぶための段階的な学習計画を立てる方法についてお話したいと思います。 Remember, if you enjoy these videos, please subscribe. You can click on the bell to get notifications, come and join me at LingQ where I learn languages. ベルをクリックして通知を受け取り、言語を学ぶLingQに参加してください。 So,  a study plan. I think for many of the things that are important to us, where we want to achieve success, it's often considered useful to have a, a routine, a study plan, some kind of a, of a set of activities that we feel compelled to do. Ich denke, für viele der Dinge, die uns wichtig sind, wo wir Erfolg haben wollen, wird es oft als nützlich angesehen, eine Routine, einen Studienplan, eine Art Reihe von Aktivitäten zu haben, zu denen wir uns verpflichtet fühlen tun. 私たちが成功を収めたいと思っている私たちにとって重要なことの多くについて、私たちが強いられていると感じる一連の活動の、ルーチン、研究計画、ある種の、を持っていることはしばしば有用であると考えられます。行う。

So, um, and I'm going to talk about how that applies to languages. Also, ähm, und ich werde darüber sprechen, wie das auf Sprachen zutrifft. それで、ええと、それが言語にどのように適用されるかについて話します。 I think the biggest thing in a study plan is that you want to develop new habits. Ich denke, das Größte an einem Studienplan ist, dass Sie neue Gewohnheiten entwickeln möchten. 学習計画の最大のポイントは、新しい習慣を身につけたいということだと思います。 All right, now, I've said many times that language learning is a matter of attitude and spending the time with the language. Nun gut, ich habe schon oft gesagt, dass Sprachenlernen eine Frage der Einstellung und der Zeitverbringung mit der Sprache ist. さて、今、私は何度も言語学習は態度の問題であり、言語と一緒に時間を過ごすことだと言いました。 So we want to have habits that reinforce a positive attitude that give us a sense of success. Wir wollen also Gewohnheiten haben, die eine positive Einstellung verstärken, die uns ein Erfolgserlebnis gibt. Por isso, queremos ter hábitos que reforcem uma atitude positiva que nos dê uma sensação de sucesso.

And we want to have habits that keep us with the language, at the task. Und wir wollen Gewohnheiten haben, die uns mit der Sprache bei der Aufgabe halten. E queremos ter hábitos que nos mantenham com a linguagem, na tarefa. That's the kind of study plan that you need to have and the kinds of things you need to do for a successful study plan for languages, is very similar to other activities that we would like to do, like getting in shape. Das ist die Art von Studienplan, die Sie haben müssen, und die Art von Dingen, die Sie für einen erfolgreichen Studienplan für Sprachen tun müssen, ist sehr ähnlich zu anderen Aktivitäten, die wir gerne machen würden, wie zum Beispiel in Form zu kommen. それはあなたが持っている必要がある種類の学習計画であり、言語の学習計画を成功させるためにあなたがしなければならない種類のことは、形を整えるなど、私たちがやりたい他の活動と非常に似ています。 All right. So little things, for example, just on the subject of, of, of people sometimes say to me, Steve, you seem to be quite fit, uh, for your age. So Kleinigkeiten, zum Beispiel, gerade zum Thema, von, Leute sagen manchmal zu mir, Steve, du scheinst ziemlich fit zu sein, äh, für dein Alter. だから、例えば、人々の、の主題について、時々私に言うことはほとんどありません、スティーブ、あなたはあなたの年齢に非常に適しているようです。 如此小事,例如,只是關於,的,人們有時對我說,史蒂夫,你似乎很適合,呃,適合你的年齡。

What do you eat? How do you exercise? Wie trainieren Sie? What's your routine? Was ist deine Routine? あなたのルーチンは何ですか? So, you know, throughout my life I have done, I've always been jogging, exercising, playing hockey, playing tennis. Wissen Sie, mein ganzes Leben lang habe ich immer gejoggt, trainiert, Hockey gespielt, Tennis gespielt. Keeping active. Aktiv bleiben. I try to eat healthy food. Ich versuche mich gesund zu ernähren. I don't overdo greasy, heavy. Ich übertreibe nicht fettig, schwer. 脂っこい、重いことをやり過ぎない。 Eu não exagero em gorduroso, pesado. 我不油腻,沉重。 我不過度油膩,沉重。 You know, I always eat healthy bread, this kind of thing. Weißt du, ich esse immer gesundes Brot, solche Sachen. 私はいつも健康的なパンを食べます、こういうことです。 Well, the same with languages. Nun, das gleiche mit Sprachen. I wanted to add too, Ich wollte auch hinzufügen,

I recently, uh, got an app it's called something about, I can't remember what it is, but it's, it's an HIIT high intensity  interval training app and every morning, seven minutes. Ich habe kürzlich eine App bekommen, die so heißt, ich kann mich nicht erinnern, was es ist, aber es ist eine HIIT-Intervalltrainings-App mit hoher Intensität und jeden Morgen sieben Minuten. 私は最近、何かと呼ばれるアプリを手に入れました。それが何であるか思い出せませんが、それはHIIT高強度インターバルトレーニングアプリで、毎朝7分です。 I do whatever they push at me in the way of an activity. Ich mache alles, was sie mir als Aktivität aufdrängen. Eu faço tudo o que eles empurram para mim na forma de uma atividade. 我做任何他們以活動方式逼迫我的事情。 So I'm prompted to do this, and I've now got that as a habit. Also werde ich aufgefordert, dies zu tun, und das habe ich mir jetzt zur Gewohnheit gemacht. Então, fui solicitado a fazer isso, e agora tenho isso como um hábito.

And I feel better because every morning for seven minutes I do this series of exercises. So anything like that can be very beneficial. したがって、そのようなものは非常に有益です。 Uh, I am in the habit of going to LingQ for my language learning. ええと、私は言語学習のためにLingQに行く習慣があります。 Some People are going to complain. Einige Leute werden sich beschweren. Algumas pessoas vão reclamar. I always promote LingQ, but I do because that's what I do. Ich werbe immer für LingQ, aber ich tue es, weil ich das tue. 私はいつもLingQを宣伝していますが、それが私がしていることだからです。 I get up in the morning. 我早上起床。

I go to whatever course I'm on. Ich gehe in jeden Kurs, in dem ich bin. どんなコースに行っても行きます。 Eu vou para qualquer curso em que estou. Uh, I go play the course audio, and while preparing breakfast, I will be listening to that course. Uh, ich spiele den Audiokurs ab, und während ich das Frühstück vorbereite, höre ich mir den Kurs an. ええと、私はコースのオーディオを再生しに行き、朝食を準備している間、私はそのコースを聴きます。 This is then gonna push me to read because there inevitably are portions of that lesson or several lessons that I listen to that I did not understand. Das wird mich dann zum Lesen drängen, weil es unvermeidlich Teile dieser Lektion oder mehrerer Lektionen gibt, die ich mir anhöre, die ich nicht verstanden habe. そのレッスンの一部、または私が聞いているレッスンの中には理解できなかったものが必然的にあるので、これは私に読むように促します。 Isso vai me levar a ler, porque inevitavelmente há partes dessa lição ou várias lições que eu escuto que não entendi. And of course I can either shuffle, uh, the lessons or simply go through them in order. Und natürlich kann ich die Lektionen entweder mischen oder einfach der Reihe nach durchgehen. そしてもちろん、私はレッスンをシャッフルするか、単に順番にレッスンを行うことができます。 当然,我可以随机安排课程,或者简单地按顺序进行学习。 當然,我可以隨機播放,呃,課程,或者簡單地按順序學習。

Typically, if I'm well along in that, uh, course I'll shuffle them, but if I'm still trying to learn new words, I'll go in order. Wenn ich in diesem, äh, Kurs gut vorankomme, mische ich sie normalerweise, aber wenn ich immer noch versuche, neue Wörter zu lernen, gehe ich der Reihe nach vor. 通常、私がそれに順調であれば、もちろん、それらをシャッフルしますが、それでも新しい単語を学習しようとしている場合は、順番に進みます。 通常,如果我在这方面做得很好,那么我当然会洗牌,但是如果我仍在尝试学习新单词,我会按顺序进行。 So that's a habit that I have. それが私が持っている習慣です。 So I think that the study plan in, in language learning is more about your mindset, the habits you create rather than spend a half hour here, a half hour there, because so much of language learning is subjective. Ich denke also, dass es beim Studienplan beim Sprachenlernen mehr um Ihre Denkweise geht, um die Gewohnheiten, die Sie sich aneignen, anstatt eine halbe Stunde hier, eine halbe Stunde dort zu verbringen, weil so viel Sprachenlernen subjektiv ist. ですから、言語学習の学習計画は、言語学習の多くが主観的であるため、ここで30分、そこで30分を費やすのではなく、あなたの考え方、つまりあなたが作成する習慣に関するものだと思います。 因此,我认为语言学习中的学习计划更多地是关于您的思维方式和所养成的习惯,而不是在这里花一个半小时,在那里花一个半小时,因为如此多的语言学习是主观的。 所以我認為,在語言學習中,學習計劃更多的是關於你的心態,你養成的習慣,而不是在這里花半個小時,在那里花半個小時,因為很多語言學習都是主觀的。

It's emotional. それは感情的です。 這是情緒化的。 I think it's important to engage in the activities that we enjoy doing that we feel we want to do at this particular moment. Ich denke, es ist wichtig, sich an den Aktivitäten zu beteiligen, die uns Spaß machen und die wir in diesem bestimmten Moment tun möchten. この瞬間にやりたいと思っている、楽しい活動をすることが大切だと思います。 So I have found that listening tends to trigger a lot of other activities for me. Ich habe also festgestellt, dass das Zuhören dazu neigt, viele andere Aktivitäten für mich auszulösen. ですから、聞くことは私にとって他の多くの活動を引き起こす傾向があることがわかりました。 Portanto, descobri que ouvir tende a desencadear muitas outras atividades para mim. 所以我發現傾聽往往會為我觸發很多其他活動。 So it's very simple for me. Also bei mir ist es ganz einfach. I just turn on the listing, but now I want to look up, you know, read what I listened to, uh, look up words Ich schalte gerade die Auflistung ein, aber jetzt möchte ich nachschlagen, weißt du, lesen, was ich gehört habe, äh, Wörter nachschlagen リストをオンにするだけですが、今は調べたいのですが、聞いたことを読んで、言葉を調べてください 我只是打開列表,但現在我想查找,你知道,閱讀我聽過的,呃,查找單詞

and that kind of thing, but another thing that's important in terms of a study plan is to make sure you surround yourself with the resources that you need. und so etwas, aber eine andere Sache, die in Bezug auf einen Studienplan wichtig ist, ist sicherzustellen, dass Sie sich mit den Ressourcen umgeben, die Sie brauchen. そのようなことですが、学習計画の観点から重要なもう1つのことは、必要なリソースで自分を取り囲むようにすることです。 和那種事情,但就學習計劃而言,另一件重要的事情是確保你周圍有你需要的資源。 So obviously content. So offensichtlich zufrieden. だから明らかに満足。 這麼明顯的滿足。 And I have mentioned many times that in an initial period that is going to be sort of repetitious listening to relatively simple content, with a lot of repeated, you know, vocabulary, especially high frequency verbs. Und ich habe viele Male erwähnt, dass es in einer Anfangsphase eine Art wiederholtes Hören relativ einfacher Inhalte sein wird, mit vielen wiederholten Vokabeln, insbesondere hochfrequenten Verben. そして、私は何度も、比較的単純なコンテンツを繰り返し聞くようなものになるだろうと何度も述べましたが、語彙、特に高頻度の動詞が何度も繰り返されています。 而且我已經多次提到,在最初階段,這將是一種重複聆聽相對簡單的內容,有很多重複的,你知道的,詞彙,尤其是高頻動詞。 At a later stage, you're listing more Zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt listen Sie mehr auf 後の段階で、あなたはもっとリストしています

out of interest, but you have to find this content of interest. aus Interesse, aber Sie müssen diesen Inhalt von Interesse finden. 興味がないが、この興味のあるコンテンツを見つける必要があります。 por interesse, mas você deve encontrar esse conteúdo de seu interesse. 出於興趣,但你必須找到這個感興趣的內容。 You have to find the content, this repetitive content. Sie müssen den Inhalt finden, diesen sich wiederholenden Inhalt. あなたはコンテンツ、この反復的なコンテンツを見つけなければなりません。 你必須找到內容,這個重複的內容。 So there is some work to be done there. Da gibt es also einiges zu tun. ですから、そこでやるべきことがいくつかあります。 Portanto, há algum trabalho a ser feito lá. Uh, I find it useful to buy one or several starter books because it's nice to hold a book in your hand. Äh, ich finde es sinnvoll, ein oder mehrere Starterbücher zu kaufen, weil es schön ist, ein Buch in der Hand zu halten. ええと、本を手に持っておくといいので、スターターブックを1冊か数冊買うと便利だと思います。 呃,我覺得買一本或幾本入門書很有用,因為手裡拿著一本書很好。 Uh, you have to find some grammar resources that you can refer to, whether it be online Uh, Sie müssen einige Grammatikressourcen finden, auf die Sie sich beziehen können, sei es online ええと、それがオンラインであるかどうかにかかわらず、あなたが参照できるいくつかの文法リソースを見つける必要があります

or in a book. So part of a study plan is to make sure you surround yourself with the resources you need. Ein Teil eines Studienplans besteht also darin, sicherzustellen, dass Sie sich mit den Ressourcen umgeben, die Sie benötigen. したがって、学習計画の一部は、必要なリソースで自分を取り囲むようにすることです。 因此,學習計劃的一部分是確保您擁有所需的資源。 You're going to need an MP3 player. You're going to need, um, obviously, uh, internet access to go and find these resources. Sie werden, äh, offensichtlich, äh, Internetzugang brauchen, um diese Ressourcen zu finden. 你需要,嗯,很明顯,嗯,互聯網訪問去尋找這些資源。 Um, that's gotta be part of your study plan. Ähm, das muss Teil deines Studienplans sein. 嗯,那一定是你學習計劃的一部分。 In fact, I end up spending a fair amount of my, sort of, time that I devote to language journey looking for Tatsächlich verbringe ich am Ende einen beträchtlichen Teil meiner Zeit, die ich mit der Suche nach Sprachreisen widme 事實上,我最終花費了相當多的時間來尋找語言之旅

content. Inhalt. For Persian and Arabic. It's difficult to find interesting content at my level, much easier to do say in English or probably in Spanish, but part of your study plan has got to be to prepare yourself. Es ist schwierig, interessante Inhalte auf meinem Niveau zu finden, viel einfacher, sagen wir, auf Englisch oder wahrscheinlich auf Spanisch, aber Teil Ihres Studienplans muss es sein, sich vorzubereiten. 私のレベルで面白いコンテンツを見つけるのは難しく、英語やおそらくスペイン語で言うのははるかに簡単ですが、あなたの学習計画の一部はあなた自身を準備することでなければなりません。 É difícil encontrar conteúdo interessante para o meu nível, muito mais fácil falar em inglês ou provavelmente em espanhol, mas parte do seu plano de estudos tem que ser preparar-se. I will often go and get content and make sure I've got it imported into LingQ so that I have it ready so that when I want to go and listen, I've got enough content in front of me. Ich werde oft hingehen und Inhalte holen und sicherstellen, dass ich sie in LingQ importiert habe, damit ich sie fertig habe, damit ich genug Inhalte vor mir habe, wenn ich gehen und zuhören möchte. 私はよく行ってコンテンツを取得し、LingQにインポートして準備を整え、行きたいときに十分なコンテンツが目の前にあることを確認します。 Frequentemente, vou buscar conteúdo e certificar-me de que o importei para o LingQ para que esteja pronto para que, quando eu quiser ouvir, tenha conteúdo suficiente na minha frente. 我會經常去獲取內容,並確保已將其導入到 LingQ 中,以便我準備好它,以便當我想去聽時,我面前有足夠的內容。

So part of your study plan has to be devoting enough time to preparing the content you're going to use... uh, Grammar resources I mentioned. Ein Teil Ihres Lernplans muss also darin bestehen, genügend Zeit für die Vorbereitung der Inhalte aufzuwenden, die Sie verwenden werden ... äh, Grammatikressourcen, die ich erwähnt habe. Also at a certain stage in your language learning, you're going to want to speak more. Außerdem wirst du in einem bestimmten Stadium deines Sprachenlernens mehr sprechen wollen. また、語学学習のある段階で、もっと話したいと思うでしょう。 同樣在你語言學習的某個階段,你會想說更多。 And if you're not, if you don't live where the language is spoken, you're going to have to find some online people to either exchange the language with or tutors. Und wenn nicht, wenn Sie nicht dort leben, wo die Sprache gesprochen wird, müssen Sie einige Online-Leute finden, mit denen Sie die Sprache austauschen können, oder Tutoren. そうでない場合、言語が話されている場所に住んでいない場合は、言語を交換するためのオンラインの人々または家庭教師を見つける必要があります。 如果你不是,如果你不住在說這種語言的地方,你將不得不找一些在線人來交換語言或導師。

And I've mentioned, i-talki, which I have used, we have tutors at LingQ, but you've got to find someone to speak to. Und ich habe erwähnt, i-talki, das ich benutzt habe, wir haben Tutoren bei LingQ, aber Sie müssen jemanden finden, mit dem Sie sprechen können. そして、私が使用したi-talkiについては、LingQに講師がいますが、話し相手を見つける必要があります。 And eventually again, to my mind, in any sort of plan of, of language learning activity, the amount of speaking you do is going to increase over time, because in the first period you have to kind of break the code of the language. Und schließlich wird meiner Meinung nach bei jeder Art von Sprachlernaktivität die Menge des Sprechens mit der Zeit zunehmen, da Sie in der ersten Phase den Code der Sprache brechen müssen. そして最終的には、言語学習活動のあらゆる種類の計画において、最初の期間に言語のコードを破らなければならないので、あなたが行う話す量は時間とともに増加するでしょう。 E, eventualmente, novamente, na minha opinião, em qualquer tipo de plano de atividade de aprendizagem de línguas, a quantidade de fala que você faz vai aumentar com o tempo, porque no primeiro período você tem que quebrar o código da língua. 最後,在我看來,在任何形式的語言學習活動計劃中,你說話的數量都會隨著時間的推移而增加,因為在第一階段你必須打破語言的密碼。

You have to get some familiarity with the language. あなたはその言語にある程度精通している必要があります。 您必須熟悉該語言。 People often say, well, if you don't know anything, how can you get started? Die Leute sagen oft, nun, wenn Sie nichts wissen, wie können Sie dann anfangen? よく言われることですが、何もわからない場合はどうすれば始められますか? As pessoas costumam dizer, bem, se você não sabe de nada, como pode começar? Well, that's why you deal with very short bits of content, where you have access to an online dictionary. Nun, deshalb beschäftigen Sie sich mit sehr kurzen Inhalten, bei denen Sie Zugriff auf ein Online-Wörterbuch haben. そういうわけで、オンライン辞書にアクセスできる非常に短いコンテンツを扱うのです。 Bem, é por isso que você lida com pedaços muito curtos de conteúdo, onde você tem acesso a um dicionário online. 好吧,這就是為什麼您要處理非常短的內容,您可以在其中訪問在線詞典。 I wouldn't want to be looking up every word in a dictionary. Não gostaria de procurar cada palavra em um dicionário. 我不想在字典中查找每個單詞。 Uh, I find LingQ very convenient in that regard with our mini stories, lots of repetition. Uh, ich finde LingQ in dieser Hinsicht sehr praktisch mit unseren Mini-Geschichten, vielen Wiederholungen. ええと、私はLingQが私たちのミニストーリー、たくさんの繰り返しに関して非常に便利だと思います。 Uh, eu acho o LingQ muito conveniente nesse aspecto com nossas mini histórias, muitas repetições.

Slowly, you get a foothold in the language. 慢慢地,你在語言中站穩了腳跟。 That's the first stage, but at a later stage, you're listening to things that are more interesting. Das ist die erste Phase, aber in einer späteren Phase hört man interessantere Dinge. それが最初の段階ですが、後の段階では、もっと面白いことを聞いています。 And at that point, you want to start speaking. Und an diesem Punkt möchten Sie anfangen zu sprechen. You want to start speaking, uh, because you want to try out what you've learned, you'll find out that you aren't able to recall a lot of the words that, that you know, passively. Du willst anfangen zu sprechen, äh, weil du ausprobieren willst, was du gelernt hast, wirst du feststellen, dass du viele der Wörter, die du kennst, nicht mehr passiv abrufen kannst. あなたは話し始めたいと思います、ええと、あなたはあなたが学んだことを試してみたいので、あなたはあなたが知っている多くの単語を受動的に思い出すことができないことに気付くでしょう。 你想開始說話,呃,因為你想嘗試你學到的東西,你會發現你不能被動地回憶很多你知道的單詞。

So you have to get in there and start speaking, uh, speaking without worrying about the mistakes you make. Also müssen Sie da rein und anfangen zu sprechen, äh, zu sprechen, ohne sich Gedanken über die Fehler zu machen, die Sie machen. だからあなたはそこに入って話し始めなければなりません、ええと、あなたが犯した間違いを心配せずに話し始めます。 所以你必須進去開始說話,呃,說話而不用擔心你犯的錯誤。 And so that speaking is gotta be part of that study plan. そして、話すことはその研究計画の一部でなければなりません。 所以演講必須是學習計劃的一部分。 And what I find particularly useful when I have my sessions with my tutors at LingQ is that I get a report from them of 10 or 15 words and phrases that I had trouble with. Und was ich besonders nützlich finde, wenn ich meine Sitzungen mit meinen Tutoren bei LingQ habe, ist, dass ich von ihnen einen Bericht über 10 oder 15 Wörter und Sätze bekomme, mit denen ich Probleme hatte. そして、LingQでチューターとセッションをしているときに特に役立つのは、問題が発生した10個または15個の単語やフレーズのレポートをチューターから受け取ることです。 當我在 LingQ 與我的導師進行會談時,我發現特別有用的是,我從他們那裡得到了一份關於我遇到問題的 10 或 15 個單詞和短語的報告。

And I have this as a record going back a year or two years, I can always go back to, um, a lesson that we had and things that I struggled with. Und ich habe das als Aufzeichnung, die ein oder zwei Jahre zurückreicht, ich kann immer auf eine Lektion zurückgreifen, die wir hatten, und auf Dinge, mit denen ich zu kämpfen hatte. そして、これは1年か2年前の記録として持っています。私はいつでも、私たちが受けたレッスンや苦労したことに戻ることができます。 E eu tenho isso como um registro que remonta a um ou dois anos, eu sempre posso voltar a, hum, uma lição que tivemos e coisas que eu lutei. 我有這個記錄可以追溯到一兩年前,我總是可以回到,嗯,我們上過的課和我掙扎過的事情。 And of course my tutors record this for me. Und natürlich nehmen meine Tutoren das für mich auf. そしてもちろん、私の家庭教師は私のためにこれを記録します。 So that's also very, you know, that, that sort of, that way of using your online, uh, uh, you know, discussions or sessions with your tutor is also very useful. Das ist also auch sehr, wissen Sie, diese Art, diese Art, Ihre Online-, äh, äh, Sie wissen schon, Diskussionen oder Sitzungen mit Ihrem Tutor zu nutzen, ist auch sehr nützlich. ですから、それはまた、あなたが知っているように、あなたのオンラインを使用するそのような方法、ええと、ええと、あなたが知っている、あなたの家庭教師との議論やセッションも非常に便利です。

So I guess my approach to this idea of a, of a study plan is that it's, it's not so much sort of very specific, you know, 20 minutes there, half an hour there. Also denke ich, mein Ansatz zu dieser Idee eines Studienplans ist, dass es nicht so sehr sehr spezifisch ist, wissen Sie, 20 Minuten dort, eine halbe Stunde dort. ですから、研究計画のこの考えに対する私のアプローチは、それはそれほど具体的ではないということだと思います。20分、30分です。 Então eu acho que minha abordagem a essa ideia de um plano de estudo é que não é muito específico, sabe, 20 minutos lá, meia hora lá. 所以我想我對這個學習計劃的想法的方法是,它不是很具體,你知道,20 分鐘,半小時。 Because that's going to vary depending on your interests, what you like to do. Denn das hängt von Ihren Interessen ab, was Sie gerne tun. それはあなたの興味によって変わるので、あなたが何をしたいのか。 Some people maybe like to go through Anki. アンキを通り抜けるのが好きな人もいるかもしれません。 I think you want to be guided by, by what you enjoy doing and because that's going to keep your attitude positive, it's going to keep you liking it. Ich denke, Sie möchten sich von dem leiten lassen, was Sie gerne tun, und weil das Ihre Einstellung positiv hält, wird es Ihnen gefallen. 私はあなたがあなたが楽しんでいることによって導かれたいと思います、そしてそれはあなたの態度を前向きに保つでしょう、それはあなたがそれを好きになり続けるでしょう。 Acho que você quer ser guiado por aquilo que gosta de fazer e, porque isso manterá sua atitude positiva, fará com que você continue gostando. 我認為你想被你喜歡做的事情所引導,因為這會讓你保持積極的態度,讓你喜歡它。

It's going to keep you spending enough time with it. それはあなたがそれで十分な時間を過ごすことを続けるでしょう。 So it's more a matter of preparing yourself, uh, trying to develop good habits, trying to develop habits that push you into the language, push you along until you find enough compelling content that that's now starting to pull you along. Es geht also eher darum, sich vorzubereiten, äh, zu versuchen, gute Angewohnheiten zu entwickeln, Angewohnheiten zu entwickeln, die Sie in die Sprache treiben, Sie vorantreiben, bis Sie genügend überzeugende Inhalte finden, die Sie jetzt mitreißen. ですから、それはあなた自身を準備することの問題です、ええと、良い習慣を身につけようとし、あなたを言語に押し込む習慣を身につけようとし、あなたを引き寄せ始めている十分な説得力のあるコンテンツを見つけるまであなたを押し進めます。 所以更多的是讓自己做好準備,呃,努力養成好習慣,努力養成習慣,讓你進入語言,推動你前進,直到你找到足夠引人入勝的內容,現在開始吸引你前進。 And then at some point, when you start speaking, be prepared to make mistakes, recognize that that it's only in making mistakes, that you're going to get better, that you're eventually going to make fewer mistakes. Und dann, irgendwann, wenn Sie anfangen zu sprechen, seien Sie darauf vorbereitet, Fehler zu machen, erkennen Sie, dass Sie nur dadurch besser werden, dass Sie weniger Fehler machen werden. そして、ある時点で、話し始めるときは、間違いを犯す準備をしてください。それは間違いを犯すだけであり、良くなること、最終的には間違いを減らすことになることを認識してください。 E então, em algum ponto, quando você começar a falar, esteja preparado para cometer erros, reconheça que é apenas cometendo erros, que você vai melhorar, que você acabará cometendo menos erros. 然後在某個時候,當你開始說話時,準備好犯錯,認識到只有犯錯,你會變得更好,你最終會少犯錯誤。

So, you know, people have asked me for this, what's a step-by-step sort of plan for language learning. Wissen Sie, die Leute haben mich danach gefragt, was eine Art Schritt-für-Schritt-Plan für das Sprachenlernen ist. I I'm not sure, I think that I've often said that language learning is more of a fuzzy logic thing than a step-by-step thing. Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ich glaube, ich habe oft gesagt, dass Sprachenlernen eher eine Fuzzy-Logik-Sache als eine Schritt-für-Schritt-Sache ist. よくわかりませんが、言語学習は段階的なものというよりは、ファジー論理的なものだとよく言っていたと思います。 Não tenho certeza, acho que sempre disse que o aprendizado de idiomas é mais uma coisa de lógica difusa do que passo a passo. 我不確定,我想我經常說語言學習更像是一個模糊邏輯的事情,而不是一步一步的事情。 Uh, you might want to go to one of my videos where I say that language learning is a subjective process. Uh, vielleicht möchten Sie zu einem meiner Videos gehen, wo ich sage, dass Sprachenlernen ein subjektiver Prozess ist. ええと、あなたは私のビデオの1つに行きたいと思うかもしれません。そこでは、言語学習は主観的なプロセスであると私は言います。

I've also done a video on the stages, you know, the different stages we pass through in our language learning. Ich habe auch ein Video über die Phasen gemacht, wissen Sie, die verschiedenen Phasen, die wir beim Sprachenlernen durchlaufen. また、言語学習で通過するさまざまな段階についてのビデオも作成しました。 我還製作了一個關於各個階段的視頻,你知道,我們在語言學習中所經歷的不同階段。 I think both of these videos might be worthwhile to go and have a look at, so thank you for listening. Ich denke, dass es sich lohnen könnte, diese beiden Videos anzusehen, also danke fürs Zuhören. And good luck with your language learning. Und viel Glück beim Sprachenlernen. そして、あなたの言語学習で頑張ってください。 Bye for now.