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Steve's Youtube Videos - General Language Learning, How to Avoid Giving Up in Language Learning

How to Avoid Giving Up in Language Learning

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here today, again talking about language learning as usual. That's what I like to do twice a week here on this channel and I want to share with you some of my own experience.

I'm not saying that I'm an expert on anything. I can only share with you my experience of language learning. I want to talk today about how we can make sure that we stay the course. The secret to success in language learning is to stay with it, not to be discouraged, so I kind of looked at some of the things that I'm doing. What is it that maintains my enthusiasm that keeps me going?

The first thing that I think is very important is don't worry about what you forget. You're going to forget. Feel convinced that as you exposure yourself to more of the language you are gradually improving and I sense this now. I am listening to content in Persian, which is difficult, but I'm beginning to get a bit of a feel for it even if I don't have all the words. I know that with this pounding I'm slowly getting better. I know I'm getting better. I'm not worried about how much better I'm getting. I'm not worried about what I forget. I just know that absorbing the language is improving my ability, at least to comprehend Persian.

Now, some of the things I have done. I have asked my... Sahra, who is Iranian, my most important helper, teacher, resource, has not only created a number of very good stories about herself, what she does, likes to do her, travels, she has created these Circling questions for her own content, which we discussed the last time. She's also gone in to some of our more difficult content, such as the podcasts from the BBC, has created these Circling questions. This leads me to the second point in order to stay motivated.

Number one, rest assured. If you continue to exposure yourself to the language, you will get better.

Point number two, vary it. Don't go at the same type of content over and over again. Don't try to learn the conjugation tables. Don't try to stay with just beginner content. Don't even try to stay with difficult content. Make sure you vary the content.

With Sahra creating these Circling questions for the difficult content, she has divided these difficult content items for me into seven-eight minute segments and within each segment she has created these Circling questions. That doesn't cover all of the vocabulary, but it gives me a bit of a toehold on some of it. It increases my confidence and it helped me then eventually to go back and listen to it again. So I vary it.

Similarly, I went running the other day and I was listening to the mini stories in Persian. Of course, the mini stories for me are a confirmation of everything that I have achieved because when I started in Persian the mini stories were just noise. I didn't know how I was ever going to get to where I could understand them and now they're very, very easy because I vary it. So I have easier content, mid-level content with Circling questions, more difficult content with Circling questions, I go back to the mini stories, so this kind of keeps me going.

Again, in order to make sure you stay the course and you don't get frustrated, number one, please accept the fact that if you continue to exposure yourself to the language you will get better, gradually. Not always noticeably, but you get better. You become more familiar. The brain becomes more familiar with certain expressions, certain words, certain connector words that always show up, certain forms of verbs. Slowly, you become familiar, even if you can't produce them all the time.

Number two, vary things. Vary it between difficult content, which can be frustrating, easy content, which can become boring, intermediate content.

I should point out, by the way, that we've had a good response to my request for people to help us create these as we have for The Iranians. We have The Iranians where Iranians talk about themselves and we're looking for the same in French or in Chinese or other languages.

Someone said could you do this in English to give us an idea of what it's supposed to look like. Well, I will be putting something up within the next couple of days. I have recorded, I've had transcribed and I'm going to create some Circling questions for some English examples of what it is we're looking for, so you'll see that. This is all part of sort of varying the range of difficulty of what you're doing, so you're not always trying to attack the same kind of material.

Now, the third element in making sure you stay with it is you have to recognize that if you want to speak well you have to speak a lot. There is no way if you speak occasionally, even once or twice a week with a tutor or even more often with a tutor on Skype, you're not going to become really good at using the language.

You build up this capability and that should satisfy you. If you're building up your comprehension, your vocabulary, you're building up the potential. If you are then put in a situation where you have to use or can use the language a lot, you will improve very quickly. When you get that opportunity take advantage, speak. Don't sit back and just listen, speak with mistakes. It doesn't matter. You have to put yourself in that position, eventually, in order to speak well.

You can do all these other things to build up your capability, your potential, but eventually you have to speak a lot in order to speak well. When you speak a lot you'll make mistakes and it doesn't matter. Then you go back into your listening and reading with some difficult content and then easier content to kind of build up some basic structures that you can use in your conversation. In conversation we're going to use a small subset of the total number of words that we understand. Our active vocabulary is going to be much smaller than our passive vocabulary, but that's a good thing because then you understand and, gradually, that active vocabulary increases.

Don't expect too much of yourselves. Recognize that all of this exposure is gradually making you better. Second of all, vary the kind of content you're listening to. Vary it by level of difficulty or even by nature. If you like reading about grammar, read about grammar. But don't just do that or don't just do your anki deck if that's what you like to do. Make sure you vary it and then look for opportunities to speak.

If you don't have a lot of opportunity to speak, don't expect of yourself that you're going to be able to speak well, you won't. But build up that capability so that when you have that opportunity you can take full advantage. Make sure you do take full advantage and don't worry about problems, mistakes, inadequacies.

I hope that's helpful because I think the biggest problem is when people give up too early. If they stay the course, they will eventually achieve their language goals. So there you have it, how to stay the course and not let the frustrations of language learning make you lose interest.


How to Avoid Giving Up in Language Learning

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here today, again talking about language learning as usual. Hallo, Steve Kaufmann ist heute hier und spricht wie immer wieder über das Sprachenlernen. こんにちは、スティーブ・カウフマンが今日ここで、いつものように言語学習について話します。 大家好,史蒂夫考夫曼今天在這裡,再次像往常一樣談論語言學習。 That's what I like to do twice a week here on this channel and I want to share with you some of my own experience. Das mache ich gerne zweimal pro Woche hier auf diesem Kanal und möchte einige meiner eigenen Erfahrungen mit Ihnen teilen.

I'm not saying that I'm an expert on anything. I can only share with you my experience of language learning. I want to talk today about how we can make sure that we stay the course. Ich möchte heute darüber sprechen, wie wir sicherstellen können, dass wir den Kurs halten. 今日は、どうすればコースを継続できるかについてお話ししたいと思います。 The secret to success in language learning is to stay with it, not to be discouraged, so I kind of looked at some of the things that I'm doing. Das Erfolgsgeheimnis beim Sprachenlernen besteht darin, dranzubleiben und sich nicht entmutigen zu lassen, also habe ich mir einige der Dinge angesehen, die ich tue. 言語学習で成功する秘訣は、落胆することなく、それを維持することです。そこで、私は自分がしていることのいくつかを見ました。 What is it that maintains my enthusiasm that keeps me going? 私を動かし続ける熱意を維持しているのは何ですか?

The first thing that I think is very important is don't worry about what you forget. 私が最初に非常に重要だと思うことは、あなたが何を忘れているかを心配しないことです。 You're going to forget. Feel convinced that as you exposure yourself to more of the language you are gradually improving and I sense this now. Fühlen Sie sich überzeugt, dass Sie sich allmählich verbessern, wenn Sie sich mehr der Sprache aussetzen, und das spüre ich jetzt. より多くの言語に触れるにつれて、徐々に向上していると確信しており、今ではこれを感じています。 I am listening to content in Persian, which is difficult, but I'm beginning to get a bit of a feel for it even if I don't have all the words. Ich höre Inhalte auf Persisch, was schwierig ist, aber ich fange an, ein bisschen ein Gefühl dafür zu bekommen, auch wenn ich nicht alle Wörter habe. 難しいペルシア語のコンテンツを聴いていますが、言葉がなくても少し感じ始めています。 I know that with this pounding I'm slowly getting better. Ich weiß, dass es mir mit diesem Stampfen langsam besser geht. このドキドキで私はゆっくりと良くなっていることを知っています。 Ik weet dat ik met dit gebons langzaam beter word. I know I'm getting better. I'm not worried about how much better I'm getting. Ich mache mir keine Sorgen darüber, wie viel besser ich werde. どれだけ良くなっているのか心配していません。 I'm not worried about what I forget. I just know that absorbing the language is improving my ability, at least to comprehend Persian. Ich weiß nur, dass das Aufnehmen der Sprache meine Fähigkeit verbessert, zumindest Persisch zu verstehen. 言語を吸収することで、少なくともペルシア語を理解する能力が向上することを私は知っています。

Now, some of the things I have done. I have asked my... Sahra, who is Iranian, my most important helper, teacher, resource, has not only created a number of very good stories about herself, what she does, likes to do her, travels, she has created these Circling questions for her own content, which we discussed the last time. Ich habe meine... Sahra, die Iranerin ist, meine wichtigste Helferin, Lehrerin, Ressource, hat nicht nur eine Reihe sehr guter Geschichten über sich selbst geschrieben, was sie tut, gerne macht, reist, sie hat diese geschrieben Kreisende Fragen nach eigenen Inhalten, die wir beim letzten Mal besprochen haben. 私は私に尋ねました...私の最も重要なヘルパー、教師、リソースであるイラン人であるサーラは、彼女自身についての非常に良い物語をたくさん作成しただけでなく、彼女がしていること、彼女をするのが好き、旅行、彼女はこれらを作成しました前回お話しした彼女自身のコンテンツに対する質問を巡回。 She's also gone in to some of our more difficult content, such as the podcasts from the BBC, has created these Circling questions. Sie hat sich auch mit einigen unserer schwierigeren Inhalte befasst, wie z. B. den Podcasts der BBC, und diese Kreisfragen erstellt. 彼女はまた、BBCのポッドキャストなど、私たちのより難しいコンテンツのいくつかに参加し、これらの循環質問を作成しました。 This leads me to the second point in order to stay motivated. これは、やる気を維持するために私を2番目のポイントに導きます。

Number one, rest assured. Nummer eins, seien Sie versichert. Número uno, tranquilo. Nummer één, wees gerust. If you continue to exposure yourself to the language, you will get better. あなたがその言語に自分自身をさらし続けるならば、あなたは良くなるでしょう。

Point number two, vary it. ポイント2、それを変えてください。 İkinci nokta, değiştir. Don't go at the same type of content over and over again. Gehen Sie nicht immer wieder auf die gleiche Art von Inhalten ein. 同じ種類のコンテンツを何度も何度も見ないでください。 Don't try to learn the conjugation tables. 活用表を学ぼうとしないでください。 Don't try to stay with just beginner content. Versuchen Sie nicht, nur bei Anfängerinhalten zu bleiben. 初心者向けのコンテンツだけにとどまろうとしないでください。 Don't even try to stay with difficult content. Versuchen Sie nicht einmal, bei schwierigen Inhalten zu bleiben. 難しいコンテンツにとどまろうとさえしないでください。 Make sure you vary the content. 必ず内容を変えてください。

With Sahra creating these Circling questions for the difficult content, she has divided these difficult content items for me into seven-eight minute segments and within each segment she has created these Circling questions. Sahraが難しいコンテンツについてこれらの循環質問を作成したので、彼女は私のためにこれらの難しいコンテンツ項目を7〜8分のセグメントに分割し、各セグメント内でこれらの循環質問を作成しました。 That doesn't cover all of the vocabulary, but it gives me a bit of a toehold on some of it. それはすべての語彙をカバーしているわけではありませんが、それは私にそれのいくつかの少しの足掛かりを与えます。 It increases my confidence and it helped me then eventually to go back and listen to it again. So I vary it. Bu yüzden onu değiştiriyorum.

Similarly, I went running the other day and I was listening to the mini stories in Persian. Of course, the mini stories for me are a confirmation of everything that I have achieved because when I started in Persian the mini stories were just noise. Natürlich sind die Minigeschichten für mich eine Bestätigung für alles, was ich erreicht habe, denn als ich mit Persisch anfing, waren die Minigeschichten nur Lärm. I didn't know how I was ever going to get to where I could understand them and now they're very, very easy because I vary it. どうやって理解できるところにたどり着くのかわからなかったのですが、変えてみるととても簡単になりました。 So I have easier content, mid-level content with Circling questions, more difficult content with Circling questions, I go back to the mini stories, so this kind of keeps me going. Ich habe also einfachere Inhalte, Inhalte auf mittlerer Ebene mit Circling-Fragen, schwierigere Inhalte mit Circling-Fragen. Ich gehe zurück zu den Mini-Storys, also hält mich diese Art von am Laufen. ですから、私はより簡単なコンテンツ、Circlingの質問を含む中級レベルのコンテンツ、Circlingの質問を含むより難しいコンテンツを持っています。ミニストーリーに戻るので、この種のことは私を続けます。

Again, in order to make sure you stay the course and you don't get frustrated, number one, please accept the fact that if you continue to exposure yourself to the language you will get better, gradually. Um sicherzustellen, dass Sie den Kurs halten und nicht frustriert werden, akzeptieren Sie erstens bitte die Tatsache, dass Sie allmählich besser werden, wenn Sie sich weiterhin der Sprache aussetzen. Una vez más, para asegurarse de mantener el rumbo y no sentirse frustrado, número uno, acepte el hecho de que si continúa exponiéndose al idioma, mejorará gradualmente. Not always noticeably, but you get better. Nicht immer spürbar, aber man wird besser. You become more familiar. Sie werden vertrauter. The brain becomes more familiar with certain expressions, certain words, certain connector words that always show up, certain forms of verbs. Das Gehirn wird vertrauter mit bestimmten Ausdrücken, bestimmten Wörtern, bestimmten Verbindungswörtern, die immer wieder auftauchen, bestimmten Formen von Verben. Slowly, you become familiar, even if you can't produce them all the time. Langsam gewöhnst du dich daran, auch wenn du sie nicht immer produzieren kannst.

Number two, vary things. Zweitens, variieren Sie die Dinge. Vary it between difficult content, which can be frustrating, easy content, which can become boring, intermediate content. イライラする可能性のある難しいコンテンツと、退屈な中間コンテンツになる可能性のある簡単なコンテンツの間で変化させます。

I should point out, by the way, that we've had a good response to my request for people to help us create these as we have for The Iranians. Ich sollte übrigens darauf hinweisen, dass wir eine gute Antwort auf meine Bitte erhalten haben, dass Leute uns helfen, diese zu erstellen, wie wir es für The Iranians getan haben. ちなみに、私たちがイラン人のために持っているように、私たちがこれらを作成するのを手伝ってくれる人々への私の要求に対して、私たちは良い反応を示したことを指摘する必要があります。 We have The Iranians where Iranians talk about themselves and we're looking for the same in French or in Chinese or other languages. 私たちはイラン人が彼ら自身について話すイラン人を持っています、そして私たちはフランス語または中国語または他の言語で同じものを探しています。

Someone said could you do this in English to give us an idea of what it's supposed to look like. Jemand sagte, könnten Sie das auf Englisch machen, um uns eine Vorstellung davon zu geben, wie es aussehen soll. Alguien dijo que podrías hacer esto en inglés para darnos una idea de cómo se supone que debe verse. 誰かが英語でこれをして、それがどのように見えるべきかについての考えを私たちに与えることができると言いました。 Well, I will be putting something up within the next couple of days. さて、私は次の数日以内に何かを上げるつもりです。 I have recorded, I've had transcribed and I'm going to create some Circling questions for some English examples of what it is we're looking for, so you'll see that. Ich habe aufgezeichnet, ich habe transkribieren lassen und ich werde einige Circling-Fragen für einige englische Beispiele dafür erstellen, wonach wir suchen, also werden Sie das sehen. Grabé, hice transcribir y voy a crear algunas preguntas circulares para algunos ejemplos en inglés de lo que estamos buscando, así que lo verán. 私は録音し、書き起こしました。私たちが探しているもののいくつかの英語の例について、いくつかのCircling質問を作成するので、それがわかります。 This is all part of sort of varying the range of difficulty of what you're doing, so you're not always trying to attack the same kind of material. Dies alles gehört dazu, den Schwierigkeitsgrad dessen, was Sie tun, zu variieren, sodass Sie nicht immer versuchen, dieselbe Art von Material anzugreifen. Todo esto es parte de variar el rango de dificultad de lo que estás haciendo, por lo que no siempre intentas atacar el mismo tipo de material. これはすべて、あなたがしていることの難易度の範囲を変えることの一部であるため、常に同じ種類の素材を攻撃しようとしているわけではありません。

Now, the third element in making sure you stay with it is you have to recognize that if you want to speak well you have to speak a lot. Nun, das dritte Element, um sicherzustellen, dass Sie dabei bleiben, ist, dass Sie erkennen müssen, dass Sie viel sprechen müssen, wenn Sie gut sprechen wollen. Ahora, el tercer elemento para asegurarte de mantenerlo es que debes reconocer que si quieres hablar bien, tienes que hablar mucho. There is no way if you speak occasionally, even once or twice a week with a tutor or even more often with a tutor on Skype, you're not going to become really good at using the language. Wenn Sie gelegentlich, auch nur ein- oder zweimal pro Woche mit einem Tutor oder noch öfter mit einem Tutor über Skype sprechen, werden Sie auf keinen Fall wirklich gut darin, die Sprache zu verwenden. No hay manera de que si hablas de vez en cuando, incluso una o dos veces por semana con un tutor o incluso más a menudo con un tutor en Skype, no vas a volverte realmente bueno en el uso del idioma. 週に1、2回、Skypeの家庭教師と時々、あるいはもっと頻繁に話すと、その言語を本当に上手に使うことができなくなります。

You build up this capability and that should satisfy you. Sie bauen diese Fähigkeit auf und das sollte Sie zufrieden stellen. Construyes esta capacidad y eso debería satisfacerte. If you're building up your comprehension, your vocabulary, you're building up the potential. Si estás construyendo tu comprensión, tu vocabulario, estás construyendo el potencial. If you are then put in a situation where you have to use or can use the language a lot, you will improve very quickly. Wenn Sie dann in eine Situation gebracht werden, in der Sie die Sprache viel anwenden müssen oder können, werden Sie sich sehr schnell verbessern. Si luego te encuentras en una situación en la que tienes que usar o puedes usar mucho el idioma, mejorarás muy rápidamente. その場合、言語を頻繁に使用する必要がある、または使用できる状況に置かれると、すぐに改善されます。 When you get that opportunity take advantage, speak. Wenn Sie diese Gelegenheit haben, nutzen Sie sie, sprechen Sie. その機会を利用したら、話してください。 Don't sit back and just listen, speak with mistakes. No se siente y solo escuche, hable con errores. It doesn't matter. You have to put yourself in that position, eventually, in order to speak well. Sie müssen sich schließlich in diese Position versetzen, um gut zu sprechen. Tienes que ponerte en esa posición, eventualmente, para poder hablar bien. うまく話すためには、最終的にはその立場に身を置く必要があります。

You can do all these other things to build up your capability, your potential, but eventually you have to speak a lot in order to speak well. Sie können all diese anderen Dinge tun, um Ihre Fähigkeiten und Ihr Potenzial aufzubauen, aber letztendlich müssen Sie viel sprechen, um gut zu sprechen. When you speak a lot you'll make mistakes and it doesn't matter. Then you go back into your listening and reading with some difficult content and then easier content to kind of build up some basic structures that you can use in your conversation. Dann gehen Sie zurück zu Ihrem Hören und Lesen mit einigen schwierigen Inhalten und dann einfacheren Inhalten, um einige grundlegende Strukturen aufzubauen, die Sie in Ihrer Konversation verwenden können. Luego vuelves a escuchar y leer con un contenido difícil y luego contenido más fácil para construir algunas estructuras básicas que puedes usar en tu conversación. 次に、難しいコンテンツと簡単なコンテンツを使ってリスニングとリーディングに戻り、会話で使用できる基本的な構造を構築します。 In conversation we're going to use a small subset of the total number of words that we understand. Im Gespräch verwenden wir eine kleine Teilmenge der Gesamtzahl der Wörter, die wir verstehen. En una conversación vamos a usar un pequeño subconjunto del número total de palabras que entendemos. 会話では、理解できる単語の総数の小さなサブセットを使用します。 Our active vocabulary is going to be much smaller than our passive vocabulary, but that's a good thing because then you understand and, gradually, that active vocabulary increases. Unser aktives Vokabular wird viel kleiner sein als unser passives Vokabular, aber das ist gut so, denn dann versteht man und allmählich wächst das aktive Vokabular. Nuestro vocabulario activo va a ser mucho más pequeño que nuestro vocabulario pasivo, pero eso es bueno porque entonces comprendes y, gradualmente, ese vocabulario activo aumenta.

Don't expect too much of yourselves. Erwarte nicht zu viel von dir. あまり期待しないでください。 Recognize that all of this exposure is gradually making you better. Erkenne, dass all diese Exposition dich allmählich besser macht. Second of all, vary the kind of content you're listening to. Zweitens, variieren Sie die Art der Inhalte, die Sie hören. Vary it by level of difficulty or even by nature. Variieren Sie nach Schwierigkeitsgrad oder sogar nach Natur. Varíelo por nivel de dificultad o incluso por naturaleza. 難易度や性質によっても異なります。 If you like reading about grammar, read about grammar. 文法について読むのが好きなら、文法について読んでください。 But don't just do that or don't just do your anki deck if that's what you like to do. Aber mach das nicht einfach oder mach nicht einfach dein Anki-Deck, wenn du das gerne tust. Pero no hagas solo eso o no hagas solo tu mazo anki si eso es lo que te gusta hacer. しかし、それが好きな場合は、それを実行したり、ankiデッキを実行したりしないでください。 Make sure you vary it and then look for opportunities to speak. Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie variieren, und suchen Sie dann nach Gelegenheiten, zu sprechen. 必ずそれを変えてから、話す機会を探してください。

If you don't have a lot of opportunity to speak, don't expect of yourself that you're going to be able to speak well, you won't. Wenn Sie nicht viel Gelegenheit zum Sprechen haben, erwarten Sie nicht von sich selbst, dass Sie gut sprechen können, das werden Sie nicht. Si no tienes muchas oportunidades de hablar, no esperes de ti mismo que vas a poder hablar bien, no lo harás. 話す機会があまりない場合は、上手に話すことができると期待しないでください。そうはなりません。 But build up that capability so that when you have that opportunity you can take full advantage. Aber bauen Sie diese Fähigkeit auf, damit Sie diese Gelegenheit voll ausschöpfen können. Pero desarrolle esa capacidad para que cuando tenga esa oportunidad pueda aprovecharla al máximo. しかし、その機会があれば最大限に活用できるように、その機能を構築してください。 Make sure you do take full advantage and don't worry about problems, mistakes, inadequacies. Stellen Sie sicher, dass Sie alle Vorteile nutzen und sich keine Sorgen über Probleme, Fehler oder Unzulänglichkeiten machen. 十分に活用し、問題、間違い、不十分さを心配しないでください。

I hope that's helpful because I think the biggest problem is when people give up too early. Espero que sea útil porque creo que el mayor problema es cuando la gente se da por vencida demasiado pronto. 最大の問題は人々が早くあきらめることだと思うので、それがお役に立てば幸いです。 If they stay the course, they will eventually achieve their language goals. Wenn sie den Kurs durchhalten, werden sie schließlich ihre Sprachziele erreichen. Si mantienen el rumbo, eventualmente lograrán sus objetivos lingüísticos. 彼らがコースに留まるならば、彼らは最終的に彼らの言語目標を達成するでしょう。 So there you have it, how to stay the course and not let the frustrations of language learning make you lose interest. Da haben Sie es also, wie Sie den Kurs halten und sich nicht durch die Frustrationen des Sprachenlernens das Interesse verlieren lassen. Así que ahí lo tienes, cómo mantener el rumbo y no dejar que las frustraciones del aprendizaje de idiomas te hagan perder el interés. だから、あなたはそれを持っています、どのようにコースを維持し、言語学習の欲求不満があなたに興味を失わせないようにするか。