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Steve's Language Learning Tips, A Polyglot's 10 Secrets to Language Learning

A Polyglot's 10 Secrets to Language Learning

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here again in Palm Springs. Um, today I want to talk about the 10 secrets to language learning success. Uh, I even have a series of emails on this subject, which you can subscribe to and get into more detail on this subject. Uh, remember if you enjoy my videos, please subscribe to my YouTube channel and click here for notifications.

And by all means, join me at LingQ. Uh, I just wanted to mention too that, uh, one thing that I discovered in Vancouver was these, uh, aloo bukhara Persian or Iranian dried plums or prunes that are a little sour, a bit like the Japanese umeboshi, and they are delicious and they're very healthy and they're popular from, I don't know, Georgia, Turkey through to India.

And, uh, I bought them down here and I really enjoy them. I just had a couple of before making this video. So, you know, I can't rem... quite honestly, first of all, when people say that there's 10 secrets to doing this, or six secrets or seven secrets or three secrets, these are ways to grab people's attention.

So that it's very common on the internet. And if you Google, you're going to find three, six, seven, 10 secrets doing this, that, or the other. And they are quite useful. You know, they got 10 ways that you can use baking powder or six ways to, uh, keep moths out of your closet or there's all kinds of these.

And typically it's, it's very useful. You can click through them one after another and it gives you ideas. So even though it may seem a little bit sort of, uh, the term now is clickbait. Uh, I find that they're quite useful. So I do encourage you to subscribe to my, uh, email series of 10 secrets. Uh, there aren't just 10 secrets. There

aren't just 10 hints on how to study better. There might be five, there might be 20. But I hope that each of these would stimulate some thinking and maybe each person finds their own 10 secrets to language learning, things that they, uh, find help them become more effective language learners. But the absolute first one is the famous three keys that I often quote the, uh, again, I don't remember her name, but she was the director of the languages department at the San Diego, San Diego state university.

And, and she said, you know, language learning consists of three things, your attitude or the attitude of the learner, the time spent with the language. In other words, not sitting in a classroom, listening to explanations in your own language about the language, but actually being with the language, listening, reading, speaking.

So time with the language, attitude, time with language, and then this ability to notice what's happening in the language. Some people will hear the language and just not notice how it's pronounced. They'll continue pronouncing it the way they think it should be pronounced maybe based on the writing system in their own language or whatever.

So we do have to be a little attentive to the language. So that's secret number one is really, you know, buy into these three keys to language learning. The second thing is, you know, you got to take charge of your own language learning. You can't be dependent on a teacher or expecting a school to teach you.

You have to drive the program. What are you interested in? Why are you doing it? And then, you know, find things that you find, uh, worthwhile doing and then do them. The third thing is words are the key to language learning. And that's why at LingQ we track how many words, you know, how many words you have looked up,

how many words you've read. Because again, when I was correcting people's English, it wasn't find points of grammar that made their English less effective. It was how they used words. They didn't have enough words. They didn't know which words belonged with which other words, the whole thing about languages is acquiring words.

And then getting used to how they work, getting a sense of, you know, the patterns of the language. And that's all based on words, words, and phrases, but phrases are patterns, which consists of words. Uh, also when you go to speak. Again, you're speaking words, you're speaking. Meaning don't worry about how close to native pronunciation you may have.

Of course, you're paying attention to how the native speak. You're trying to imitate it. Some people get closer, some people aren't quite as close. It doesn't matter if you're using words skillfully. If you're using words, if you're developing that feel for how words are used in the language time, I mentioned time, make the time, find the time.

And in that sense, listening is such a powerful activity because it's helping your brain get used to the language. And it's also something that you can fit in almost at all times of the day, while in the car, on public transit or washing the dishes and so forth and so on. Find ways to motivate yourself.

Okay. It might be the kind of content you're doing. Maybe you're motivated by doing spaced repetition systems, find things that motivate you. Another thing is don't worry too much about how long it's going to take. If your focus is on enjoying the process, then that how long it takes will take care of itself.

You will move along more quickly if you're focused on enjoying the process, rather than if you're focused on how quickly, you know, can I learn the language. Another secret I think is to not be too focused on how much you can say at the beginning. It's fun to speak. It's fun to get feedback. It's fun to interact with people in a new language.

It's fun to try to put some words together in a language that we're learning, but ultimately what matters is how well can you speak in six months or 12 months. And that sense of major focus on input, acquiring words, is going to be more effective than using the limited vocabulary that you've acquired over and over and over again. You have to expand beyond that limit range, limited range of vocabulary in order to engage with, uh, native speakers in meaningful conversation.

Uh, and, and finally, you know, learning a language is a, it's a process of immersing yourself in a new environment. The really, as I've said before, I'm not sure there is a chapter one, chapter 10. Yes. Obviously, if you have more repetition, it's going to be easier. But at some point you're at, you're looking at this lake or this swimming pool, you just have to get in and get wet, start somewhere, start listening and reading, start using the little bit that you can. Immerse yourself.

And if you do those things, I think you'll be successful as a language learner. In the meantime, for more detail on the 10 secrets of language learning, and again, I'm not sure I've covered all 10, but please subscribe to my 10 secrets, uh, email course. All right, then. Thank you for listening. Bye for now.

A Polyglot's 10 Secrets to Language Learning Die 10 Geheimnisse eines Polyglotten zum Sprachenlernen Los 10 secretos de un políglota para aprender idiomas Les 10 secrets d'un polyglotte pour apprendre une langue I 10 segreti di un poliglotta per l'apprendimento delle lingue ポリグロットが教える語学学習10の秘訣 De 10 geheimen van een polyglot voor het leren van talen 10 sekretów poligloty w nauce języków obcych Os 10 segredos de um poliglota para a aprendizagem de línguas 10 секретов полиглота в изучении языков Bir Poliglotun Dil Öğrenimindeki 10 Sırrı 10 секретів поліглота у вивченні іноземних мов 通晓多种语言的 10 个语言学习秘诀 通曉多種語言的 10 個語言學習秘訣

Hi there, Steve Kaufmann here again in Palm Springs. Hallo zusammen, Steve Kaufmann hier nochmal in Palm Springs. Um, today I want to talk about the 10 secrets to language learning success. Uh, I even have a series of emails on this subject, which you can subscribe to and get into more detail on this subject. Uh, mám dokonce řadu e-mailů na toto téma, k jejichž odběru se můžete přihlásit a získat více podrobností o tomto tématu. Uh, incluso tengo una serie de correos electrónicos sobre este tema, a los que puedes suscribirte y profundizar en este tema. Uh, ik heb zelfs een reeks e-mails over dit onderwerp, waarop u zich kunt abonneren en meer in detail kunt treden over dit onderwerp. Uh, remember if you enjoy my videos, please subscribe to my YouTube channel and click here for notifications. Nezapomeňte, pokud se vám moje videa líbí, přihlaste se k odběru mého kanálu YouTube a kliknutím sem zobrazíte upozornění.

And by all means, join me at LingQ. A rozhodně se ke mně přidejte na LingQ. Y por supuesto, únete a mí en LingQ. そしてぜひ、LingQに参加してほしい。 E com certeza, junte-se a mim no LingQ. Uh, I just wanted to mention too that, uh, one thing that I discovered in Vancouver was these, uh, aloo bukhara Persian or Iranian dried plums or prunes that are a little sour, a bit like the Japanese umeboshi, and they are delicious and they're very healthy and they're popular from, I don't know, Georgia, Turkey through to India. También quería mencionar que algo que descubrí en Vancouver fueron estas ciruelas secas o ciruelas pasas aloo bukhara persas o iraníes que son un poco ácidas, un poco como las umeboshi japonesas, y son deliciosas y muy sanas y son populares desde, no sé, Georgia, Turquía hasta la India. バンクーバーで発見した、ちょっと酸っぱい、日本の梅干しみたいな、ペルシャかイランの干しプラム、プルーン。 Uh, eu só queria mencionar também que, uh, uma coisa que descobri em Vancouver foram essas, uh, aloo bukhara Persa ou iraniana ameixas secas ou ameixas que são um pouco azedas, um pouco como o umeboshi japonês, e elas são deliciosas e são muito saudáveis e populares de, não sei, Geórgia, Turquia e Índia.

And, uh, I bought them down here and I really enjoy them. A, uh, koupil jsem je tady dole a opravdu si je užívám. Y, los compré aquí y realmente los disfruto. E, uh, eu os comprei aqui e realmente gosto deles. I just had a couple of before making this video. Před natočením tohoto videa jsem jich pár měl. このビデオを作る前に2、3本食べただけだ。 So, you know, I can't rem... quite honestly, first of all, when people say that there's 10 secrets to doing this, or six secrets or seven secrets or three secrets, these are ways to grab people's attention. Takže, víte, nemůžu si vzpomenout... zcela upřímně, zaprvé, když lidé říkají, že je k tomu 10 tajemství, nebo šest tajemství, sedm tajemství nebo tři tajemství, jsou to způsoby, jak upoutat pozornost lidí. Entonces, ya sabes, no puedo recordar... honestamente, en primer lugar, cuando la gente dice que hay 10 secretos para hacer esto, o seis secretos o siete secretos o tres secretos, estas son formas de llamar la atención de la gente. Então, você sabe, eu não consigo me lembrar ... honestamente, em primeiro lugar, quando as pessoas dizem que há 10 segredos para fazer isso, ou seis segredos ou sete segredos ou três segredos, essas são maneiras de chamar a atenção das pessoas. Итак, вы знаете, я не могу вспомнить... если честно, во-первых, когда люди говорят, что есть 10 секретов, чтобы сделать это, или шесть секретов, или семь секретов, или три секрета, это способы привлечь внимание людей.

So that it's very common on the internet. Takže na internetu je to velmi běžné. And if you Google, you're going to find three, six, seven, 10 secrets doing this, that, or the other. A když Google, najdete tři, šest, sedm, 10 tajemství, která dělají to, tamto nebo ono. And they are quite useful. You know, they got 10 ways that you can use baking powder or six ways to, uh, keep moths out of your closet or there's all kinds of these. Víte, mají 10 způsobů, jak můžete použít prášek do pečiva, nebo šest způsobů, jak, uh, udržet moly mimo váš šatník, nebo je toho mnoho. Sabes, tienen 10 formas en que puedes usar polvo de hornear o seis formas de, eh, mantener las polillas fuera de tu armario o hay todo tipo de estas. Você sabe, eles têm dez maneiras de usar fermento em pó ou seis maneiras de, uh, manter as mariposas fora do seu armário ou há todos os tipos desses.

And typically it's, it's very useful. You can click through them one after another and it gives you ideas. Můžete je proklikávat jeden po druhém a dává vám to nápady. Puedes hacer clic en ellos uno tras otro y te da ideas. Możesz klikać je jeden po drugim, co daje ci pomysły. So even though it may seem a little bit sort of, uh, the term now is clickbait. Takže i když se to může zdát trochu tak trochu, uh, termín je nyní clickbait. So even though it may seem a little bit sort of, uh, the term now is clickbait. Entonces, aunque pueda parecer un poco, eh, el término ahora es clickbait. Dus ook al lijkt het een beetje, uh, de term is nu clickbait. Mesmo que pareça um pouco mais ou menos, o termo agora é clickbait. Uh, I find that they're quite useful. So I do encourage you to subscribe to my, uh, email series of 10 secrets. Takže vám doporučuji, abyste se přihlásili k odběru mé, uh, e-mailové série 10 tajemství. Uh, there aren't just 10 secrets. Uh, není jen 10 tajemství. There

aren't just 10 hints on how to study better. není jen 10 rad, jak se lépe učit. no son sólo 10 consejos para estudiar mejor. não são apenas 10 dicas sobre como estudar melhor. There might be five, there might be 20. But I hope that each of these would stimulate some thinking and maybe each person finds their own 10 secrets to language learning, things that they, uh, find help them become more effective language learners. Ale doufám, že každý z nich podnítí nějaké přemýšlení a možná každý najde svých 10 tajemství jazykového vzdělávání, věcí, které, uh, zjistí, že mu pomáhají stát se efektivnějšími studenty jazyků. But the absolute first one is the famous three keys that I often quote the, uh, again, I don't remember her name, but she was the director of the languages department at the San Diego, San Diego state university. Ale úplně první jsou slavné tři klíče, které často cituji, ehm, opět si nepamatuji její jméno, ale byla ředitelkou jazykového oddělení na státní univerzitě v San Diegu. Pero la primera absoluta son las famosas tres claves que a menudo cito a la, de nuevo, no recuerdo su nombre, pero era la directora del departamento de idiomas de la universidad estatal de San Diego. Mas o primeiro absoluto são as três famosas chaves que costumo citar, uh, de novo, não me lembro o nome dela, mas ela era a diretora do departamento de línguas da universidade estadual de San Diego, San Diego.

And, and she said, you know, language learning consists of three things, your attitude or the attitude of the learner, the time spent with the language. A řekla, víte, jazykové vzdělávání se skládá ze tří věcí, vašeho postoje nebo postoje studenta, času stráveného s jazykem. Y ella dijo, ya sabes, el aprendizaje de idiomas consta de tres cosas, tu actitud o la actitud del alumno, el tiempo que pasa con el idioma. E, e ela disse, você sabe, a aprendizagem de um idioma consiste em três coisas, sua atitude ou a atitude do aluno, o tempo gasto com o idioma. In other words, not sitting in a classroom, listening to explanations in your own language about the language, but actually being with the language, listening, reading, speaking. Jinými slovy, nesedět ve třídě, poslouchat výklady o daném jazyce ve svém vlastním jazyce, ale ve skutečnosti být s jazykem, poslouchat, číst, mluvit.

So time with the language, attitude, time with language, and then this ability to notice what's happening in the language. Takže čas s jazykem, postoj, čas s jazykem a pak tato schopnost všímat si toho, co se v jazyce děje. つまり、言語と向き合う時間、態度、言語と向き合う時間、そして言語の中で何が起きているかに気づく能力だ。 Some people will hear the language and just not notice how it's pronounced. Někteří lidé ten jazyk uslyší a prostě si nevšimnou, jak se vyslovuje. 言葉を聞いても、その発音に気づかない人もいる。 They'll continue pronouncing it the way they think it should be pronounced maybe based on the writing system in their own language or whatever. Budou to nadále vyslovovat tak, jak si myslí, že by se to mělo vyslovovat, možná na základě systému psaní v jejich vlastním jazyce nebo cokoli jiného. Seguirán pronunciándolo como crean que debe pronunciarse, tal vez basándose en el sistema de escritura de su propia lengua o lo que sea.

So we do have to be a little attentive to the language. Takže musíme být trochu pozorní na jazyk. Así que tenemos que estar un poco atentos al lenguaje. だから、言葉には少し気を配る必要がある。 So that's secret number one is really, you know, buy into these three keys to language learning. Takže to je tajemství číslo jedna, víte, vsaďte na tyto tři klíče ke studiu jazyků. Así que el secreto número uno es realmente, ya sabes, comprar estas tres claves para el aprendizaje de idiomas. Então esse é o segredo número um é realmente, você sabe, comprar essas três chaves para o aprendizado de idiomas. The second thing is, you know, you got to take charge of your own language learning. Druhá věc je, víte, musíte se postarat o své vlastní jazykové vzdělávání. A segunda coisa é, você sabe, você tem que assumir o controle de seu próprio aprendizado de línguas. You can't be dependent on a teacher or expecting a school to teach you. Nemůžete být závislí na učiteli nebo očekávat, že vás škola naučí.

You have to drive the program. Musíte řídit program. プログラムを推進しなければならない。 Você tem que dirigir o programa. What are you interested in? O co se zajímáš? Why are you doing it? proč to děláš? And then, you know, find things that you find, uh, worthwhile doing and then do them. A pak, víte, najděte věci, které vám stojí za to dělat, a pak je udělejte. Y luego, ya sabes, busca cosas que te parezcan... que merezcan la pena y hazlas. E então, você sabe, encontre coisas que você acha, uh, valer a pena fazer e depois faça-as. The third thing is words are the key to language learning. Třetí věcí je, že slova jsou klíčem ke studiu jazyků. And that's  why at LingQ we track how many words, you know, how many words you have looked up, A proto v LingQ sledujeme, kolik slov, víte, kolik slov jste vyhledali, E é por isso que no LingQ rastreamos quantas palavras, você sabe, quantas palavras você pesquisou,

how many words you've read. Because again, when I was correcting people's English, it wasn't find points of grammar that made their English less effective. Protože znovu, když jsem lidem opravoval angličtinu, nebylo to najít gramatické body, které by jejich angličtinu snížily. Porque nuevamente, cuando estaba corrigiendo el inglés de las personas, no era encontrar puntos de gramática que hicieran que su inglés fuera menos efectivo. 繰り返しになりますが、私が人々の英語を訂正していたとき、彼らの英語の効果を低下させる文法のポイントが見つからなかったからです。 Porque, novamente, quando eu estava corrigindo o inglês das pessoas, não era encontrar pontos de gramática que tornavam o inglês menos eficaz. It was how they used words. Takhle používali slova. They didn't have enough words. Neměli dost slov. They didn't know which words belonged with which other words, the whole thing about languages is acquiring words. Nevěděli, která slova patří ke kterým jiným slovům, celá věc s jazyky je osvojování slov. No sabían qué palabras pertenecían a qué otras palabras, todo lo relacionado con los idiomas es adquirir palabras. 彼らはどの単語が他のどの単語に属しているのか知りませんでした。言語のすべては単語を獲得することです。 Eles não sabiam quais palavras pertenciam a quais outras palavras, a coisa toda sobre línguas é adquirir palavras.

And then getting used to how they work, getting a sense of, you know, the patterns of the language. A pak si zvyknout na to, jak fungují, získat smysl pro, víte, vzorce jazyka. E então se acostumar a como eles funcionam, ter uma noção dos padrões da linguagem. And that's all based on words, words, and phrases, but phrases are patterns, which consists of words. A to vše je založeno na slovech, slovech a frázích, ale fráze jsou vzory, které se skládají ze slov. E tudo isso é baseado em palavras, palavras e frases, mas as frases são padrões, que consistem em palavras. Uh, also when you go to speak. Uh, také když jdeš mluvit. Again, you're speaking words, you're speaking. Opět mluvíte slova, mluvíte. Meaning don't worry about how close to native pronunciation you may have. To znamená, že se nemusíte starat o to, jak blízko k nativní výslovnosti můžete mít. つまり、ネイティブの発音にどれだけ近いかを心配する必要はありません。

Of course, you're paying attention to how the native speak. Samozřejmě dáváte pozor na to, jak domorodec mluví. You're trying to imitate it. Snažíš se to napodobit. Some people get closer, some people aren't quite as close. Někteří lidé se přibližují, někteří lidé nejsou tak blízko. 近づく人もいれば、それほど近くない人もいます。 Algumas pessoas se aproximam, outras não são tão próximas. It doesn't matter if you're using words skillfully. Nezáleží na tom, zda slova používáte obratně. No importa si estás usando las palabras hábilmente. 言葉を上手に使っていても構いません。 Não importa se você está usando as palavras com habilidade. If you're using words, if you're developing that feel for how words are used in the language time, I mentioned time, make the time, find the time. Pokud používáte slova, pokud si rozvíjíte cit pro to, jak se slova používají v jazykovém čase, zmínil jsem čas, udělejte si čas, najděte si čas. Si estás usando palabras, si estás desarrollando esa sensación de cómo se usan las palabras en el tiempo del idioma, mencioné el tiempo, haz el tiempo, encuentra el tiempo. あなたが言葉を使っているなら、あなたが言葉が言語の時間でどのように使われるかについての感覚を発達させているなら、私は時間を言及し、時間を作り、時間を見つけます。 Se você está usando palavras, se você está desenvolvendo essa sensação de como as palavras são usadas no tempo da linguagem, eu mencionei o tempo, faça o tempo, encontre o tempo. 如果你在使用文字,如果你正在培养对语言时间中文字的使用方式的感觉,我提到了时间,创造时间,寻找时间。

And in that sense, listening is such a powerful activity because it's helping your brain get used to the language. A v tomto smyslu je naslouchání tak mocnou činností, protože pomáhá vašemu mozku zvyknout si na jazyk. En ese sentido, escuchar es una actividad muy poderosa porque ayuda al cerebro a acostumbrarse al idioma. E nesse sentido, ouvir é uma atividade tão poderosa porque está ajudando seu cérebro a se acostumar com o idioma. And it's also something that you can fit in almost at all times of the day, while in the car, on public transit or washing the dishes and so forth and so on. A je to také něco, do čeho se můžete vejít téměř kdykoli během dne, ať už jste v autě, ve veřejné dopravě nebo při mytí nádobí a tak dále a tak dále. Y también es algo que puedes hacer casi en cualquier momento del día, mientras vas en el coche, en transporte público o lavando los platos, etcétera, etcétera. E também é algo em que você pode caber quase todo o dia, enquanto está no carro, no transporte público ou lavando a louça e assim por diante. 而且你几乎可以在一天中的任何时间进行锻炼,比如在开车时、在公共交通工具上或者洗碗时等等。 Find ways to motivate yourself. 自分をやる気にさせる方法を見つけましょう。

Okay. It might be the kind of content you're doing. Může to být druh obsahu, který děláte. あなたがやっているコンテンツの種類かもしれない。 Pode ser o tipo de conteúdo que você está fazendo. Maybe you're motivated by doing spaced repetition systems, find things that motivate you. Možná vás motivuje dělat systémy s rozloženým opakováním, najděte věci, které vás motivují. 多分あなたは間隔反復システムをすることによって動機づけられているでしょう、あなたを動機づけるものを見つけてください。 Another thing is don't worry too much about how long it's going to take. Další věc je, že se moc nestarejte o to, jak dlouho to bude trvat. Otra cosa es que no te preocupes demasiado por el tiempo que va a llevar. もう1つは、どれくらいの時間がかかるかについてあまり心配しないことです。 If your focus is on enjoying the process, then that how long it takes will take care of itself. Pokud se soustředíte na to, abyste si tento proces užili, pak to, jak dlouho to trvá, se o sebe postará. Si su atención se centra en disfrutar el proceso, entonces el tiempo que lleva se resolverá por sí solo. あなたの焦点がプロセスを楽しむことにあるならば、それからそれがどれくらいの時間がかかるかはそれ自身の世話をします。 Se o seu foco é aproveitar o processo, então o tempo que ele levará cuidará de si mesmo.

You will move along more quickly if you're focused on enjoying the process, rather than if you're focused on how quickly, you know, can I learn the language. Budete postupovat rychleji, pokud se soustředíte na to, abyste si ten proces užívali, spíše než když se soustředíte na to, jak rychle, víte, se mohu naučit jazyk. Avanzarás más rápido si te centras en disfrutar del proceso, en lugar de centrarte en lo rápido que puedo aprender el idioma. プロセスを楽しむことに集中している場合は、言語をどれだけ早く習得できるかに焦点を当てている場合よりも、より速く進むことができます。 Another secret I think is to not be too focused on how much you can say at the beginning. Dalším tajemstvím, které si myslím, je nesoustředit se na to, kolik toho můžete na začátku říct. Otro secreto que creo es no estar demasiado concentrado en cuánto puedes decir al principio. Outro segredo que eu acho é não ficar muito focado no quanto você pode dizer no começo. It's fun to speak. It's fun to get feedback. Je zábavné získat zpětnou vazbu. フィードバックを得るのは楽しいです。 É divertido receber feedback. It's fun to interact with people in a new language. Je zábavné komunikovat s lidmi v novém jazyce.

It's fun to try to put some words together in a language that we're learning, but ultimately what matters is how well can you speak in six months or 12 months. Je zábavné pokoušet se dát pár slov dohromady v jazyce, který se učíme, ale nakonec záleží na tom, jak dobře dokážete mluvit za šest nebo 12 měsíců. 私たちが学んでいる言語でいくつかの単語を組み合わせてみるのは楽しいですが、最終的に重要なのは、6か月または12か月でどれだけ上手に話すことができるかです。 É divertido tentar juntar algumas palavras em um idioma que estamos aprendendo, mas no final das contas o que importa é quão bem você pode falar em seis ou 12 meses. And that sense of major focus on input, acquiring words, is going to be more effective than using the limited vocabulary that you've acquired over and over and over again. A tento smysl velkého zaměření na vstup, získávání slov, bude efektivnější než používání omezené slovní zásoby, kterou jste získali znovu a znovu a znovu. Y ese sentido de enfoque principal en la entrada, la adquisición de palabras, será más efectivo que usar el vocabulario limitado que ha adquirido una y otra y otra vez. そして、入力に重点を置いて単語を習得するという感覚は、何度も何度も習得した限られた語彙を使用するよりも効果的です。 E essa sensação de foco principal na entrada, aquisição de palavras, será mais eficaz do que usar o vocabulário limitado que você adquiriu repetidamente. И это чувство сосредоточенности на входных данных, приобретении слов будет более эффективным, чем использование ограниченного словарного запаса, который вы приобретали снова и снова. 而且,这种将主要注意力放在输入和获取单词上的感觉,会比一遍又一遍地使用你已经掌握的有限词汇更有效。 You have to expand beyond that limit range, limited range of vocabulary in order to engage with, uh, native speakers in meaningful conversation. Musíte rozšířit za tento limitní rozsah, omezený rozsah slovní zásoby, abyste se zapojili s, uh, rodilými mluvčími do smysluplné konverzace. Tienes que ir más allá de esa gama limitada de vocabulario para entablar una conversación significativa con hablantes nativos. 意味のある会話でネイティブスピーカーと交流するには、その制限範囲、限られた範囲の語彙を超えて拡張する必要があります。 Você tem que expandir além dessa faixa limite, faixa limitada de vocabulário para se envolver com, uh, falantes nativos em uma conversa significativa. 你必须超越有限的词汇范围,才能与母语人士进行有意义的对话。

Uh, and, and finally, you know, learning a language is a, it's a process of immersing yourself in a new environment. Uh, a nakonec, víte, učit se jazyk je proces ponoření se do nového prostředí. Uh, e, finalmente, você sabe, aprender um idioma é um processo de imersão em um novo ambiente. The really, as I've said before, I'm not sure there is a chapter one, chapter 10. Opravdu, jak jsem řekl dříve, nejsem si jistý, zda existuje kapitola jedna, kapitola 10. 本当に、私が前に言ったように、私は第1章、第10章があるかどうかわかりません。 Yes. Obviously, if you have more repetition, it's going to be easier. Je zřejmé, že pokud budete mít více opakování, bude to jednodušší. 明らかに、繰り返しが多ければ、それは簡単になるでしょう。 But at some point you're at, you're looking at this lake or this swimming pool, you just have to get in and get wet, start somewhere, start listening and reading, start using the little bit that you can. Ale v určitém bodě, kde se nacházíte, díváte se na toto jezero nebo na toto koupaliště, stačí se dostat dovnitř a namočit se, někde začít, začít poslouchat a číst, začít používat to málo, co můžete. しかし、あなたがいるある時点で、あなたはこの湖またはこのプールを見ています、あなたはただ入って濡れて、どこかで始めて、聞いて読んで始めて、あなたができる少しを使い始めなければなりません。 Mas em algum momento você está, está olhando para esse lago ou para essa piscina, você só tem que entrar e se molhar, começar de algum lugar, começar a ouvir e ler, começar a usar o mínimo que puder. Immerse yourself. Ponořte se. Se entregue. 沉浸其中。

And if you do those things, I think you'll be successful as a language learner. 如果你做到了这些,我认为你将会成为一名成功的语言学习者。 In the meantime, for more detail on the 10 secrets of language learning, and again, I'm not sure I've covered all 10, but please subscribe to my 10 secrets, uh, email course. Mezitím, pro více podrobností o 10 tajemstvích jazykového vzdělávání, a znovu, nejsem si jistý, zda jsem pokryl všech 10, ale přihlaste se k odběru mých 10 tajemství, uh, e-mailového kurzu. Mientras tanto, para más detalles sobre los 10 secretos del aprendizaje de idiomas, y de nuevo, no estoy seguro de haber cubierto los 10, pero por favor suscríbase a mi 10 secretos, eh, curso por correo electrónico. それまでの間、語学学習の10の秘訣の詳細については、繰り返しになりますが、10の秘訣をすべて網羅したかどうかはわかりませんが、メールコースの10の秘訣を購読してください。 Enquanto isso, para obter mais detalhes sobre os 10 segredos do aprendizado de idiomas e, novamente, não tenho certeza de ter coberto todos os 10, mas por favor, assine meu curso de 10 segredos, uh, por e-mail. 与此同时,如需了解有关语言学习的 10 个秘密的更多详细信息,我不确定我是否已涵盖所有 10 个秘密,但请订阅我的 10 个秘密,呃,电子邮件课程。 All right, then. では、大丈夫です。 Thank you for listening. Bye for now.