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Brains On! Podcast, Canine club: From wolves to dogs! (1)

Canine club: From wolves to dogs! (1)

Maya: You're listening to Brains On where we're serious about being curious.

Voice: Brains on is supported in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation.

Molly Bloom: Hey, Sanden.

Maya: Whoa, Sanden, is that mini poodle typing?

Sanden: Hey, Molly. Hey, Maya. Yeah, that's my dog Penelope. She joined some kind of social media app for dogs and she's kinda into it.

Maya: Kind of? She looks obsessed.

Molly: I've never seen a dog type that fast or at all. How did she learn that?

Sanden: Honestly, I don't know but it's a huge problem. She won't let me use the computer for anything else and the weird part is, I don't even know what she's writing. It's just bark, bark, howl, bark, woof, bark, howl.

Molly: It's some kind of phonetic dog language. I wonder what she's saying.

[music]

Penelope: Hey Dubs, I saw your page on fetch.com and I had to send you a note. It's so cool to chat with a real, live wolf. Your life must be so cool living in the woods, hunting things, being tough and wolfy. I'm a poodle, so we couldn't be more different.

Dubs: Penelope, hi. [howls] Yeah, I'm a wolf. Living in the woods is pretty cool. I can chase squirrels whenever I want.

Penelope: Wait, I love chasing squirrels too, lol.

Dubs: Really? It's like literally my favorite thing to do with my pack.

Penelope: Hold up, you have a pack? That is so weird because I also have a pack. It's my human, Sanden and some of our favorite house plants. Don't tell Sanden but sometimes I pee on the plants to mark my territory. It's so random, right?

Dubs: I do that too. Wow. We actually have a lot in common.

Penelope: For realsies? I thought it was just me and my canine family that loved a good territory mark.

Dubs: Hold up, Penelope, my family is the canine family too but with a C. Your family must be kanine with a K, right?

Penelope: No, I'm a canine with a C too. Could we-

Dubs: Be very distantly related?

Penelope: -be very distantly related?

[howl and yips]

[music]

Molly: This is Brains On from American Public Media. I'm Molly Bloom and with me today is Maya from Maine. Hi Maya.

Maya: Hi Molly.

Molly: We asked you to co-host this wolf-filled episode because you asked us a cunning canine question. What was that question that you sent to us?

Maya: The question was, "Why do we have dogs as pets but not distant relatives of dogs like wolves? ".

Molly: That is a really excellent question. I'm going to answer that in just a bit, but what made you think of this question?

Maya: I thought that wolves and dogs have very similar features.

Molly: I'm guessing you have a dog then?

Maya: Yes, I do. Her name is Luna.

Molly: What kind of dog is she?

Maya: She's a yellow lab.

Molly: Does Luna ever act like a wolf?

Maya: Other than chasing squirrels, no.

Molly: Have you ever seen a wolf in real life?

Maya: No, because if I had I probably would be running away screaming my face off.

Molly: You're a little scared of wolves?

Maya: Absolutely, yeah. (laughs)

Molly: You said you noticed that wolves and dogs have similar features. Can you talk about which features those are that you noticed?

Maya: Muzzles and I think the stature. I also thought it's almost their eyes, they seem wild and exciting, like a certain canine fire.

Molly: Nice. There are so many different kinds of dogs. What dog in your mind is the least wolf-looking?

Maya: Chihuahuas.

Molly: Which breed of dog do you think is the most wolf-like?

Maya: Huskies, definitely huskies.

Molly: Well, we are going to answer your question about wolves and dogs in just a bit but first, let's dig into this wolf business.

Collin: Hi, my name is Collin and I'm from Mount Prospect, Illinois. My question is, why do wolves howl and do canines have different vocal cords than humans?

Maya: My name is Maya and I'm Orofino, Idaho. We live in an area where there are lots of wolves. I'd like to know my wolves howl.

Molly: To help us with the answer, we got in touch with two expert wolf watchers.

Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge: Hi, I'm Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge and I'm a researcher at the University of Lincoln.

Dr Arik Kershenbaum: Hey, my name is Dr Arik Kershenbaum and I teach at the University of Cambridge. Most of the time when wolves howl, they're howling to communicate with other wolves that are far away.

[howls]

Holly: Sometimes they'll howl to say to their friends in the pack who are usually their brothers and sisters and their parents, "Hey, I'm over here. Where are you?"

Wolf 1: Howwwwww are all you tonight? I'm over heeeeeere.

Wolf 2: I'm gooooood. There's a tree over here and I'm going to peeeeee on it.

Wolf 1: Oh, coooooool.

Arik: Maybe you want to call them back so that you can go hunting. Maybe you've managed to do some hunting and you've got some food that you want to share with them.

Holly: Sometimes the pack will come together and howl and warn off other wolves in other packs that, "We're here, this is our land, stay away".

Wolf 1: Howl, keep away.

Wolf 2: Howl, we're soooo big and stroooong.

Wolf 1: And we know kung-fuuuuu.

Holly: Sometimes you get a wolf on its own that will howl to say, "Hey, I'm lonely. Is there anybody else out there who maybe might like me? ", and they'll try to find a mate for the next season by howling to other wolves in the area.

[howls]

Arik: There's another reason that wolves howl, and that's just because they like it and that's not as silly as it sounds because all animals that live in groups, monkeys and parrots and humans, all have some activity that they use to strengthen the bonds of friendship between the members of the group.

Holly: If you think about singing in a choir, I think it's like that for them.

Wolf 3: Everybody ready? On three, one, two, three.

[music]

[howls]

Holly: They just really enjoy the experience of sharing their voices with the rest of the pack and coming together as a family for a good sing-song.

Arik: For that matter, when your dog sings along to the music of your favorite TV show because he or she is sitting in a group of this family and wants to feel a part of the group.

[music]

[howls]

Wolf 3: That was great. Nice singing everyone.

Wolf 2: Really? I thought I was a little sharp.

Wolf 3: The only thing sharp about you are your razor sharp fangs, pal.

Wolf 2: You're the best pack mate.

Wolf 3: No, you're the best.

[howls]

Automated voice: Brains, brains, brains on.

[howls]

[clarinet plays]

Jade: Hi, I'm Jade. That was me playing my clarinet and my dog howling to it, bye.

Molly: Thank you for that awesome sound Jade. Now Maya, I'm sorry to say we don't have a dog here to accompany you in studio but we do have a fun little game. Get ready for some fantastic howl facts. I'm going to give you three statements and your job is to guess which one is true. Are you ready?

Maya: Yes.

Automated voice: Number one.

Molly: Howls always start in the key of C.

Automated voice: Number two.

Molly: Wolves in different parts of the world howl with different accents or-

Automated voice: Number three.

Molly: -wolves only howl when the moon is out.

Maya: I think that two is correct.

Molly: The answer is...

Holly: Like humans have accents from where they're born, wolves are the same and if you have a Californian wolf or a Canadian wolf, they'll sound different to each other when they howl.

Automated voice: Number two.

Molly: You were correct. Nice work.

Maya: Yes!

[laughter]

Molly: As far as we can tell, it's just a myth that wolves howl at the moon. They do tend to howl at night, so maybe that's where that idea comes from and sadly, wolves don't always howl in the key of C but that would make harmonizing with them so much easier. Arik Kershenbaum says, you can tell where a wolf is from by the changes in the pitch and frequency in its howl.

Arik: This is a timber wolf.

[howls]

Arik: You can hear that the pitch starts high and then it goes down and then it steps down again. This is a European wolf.

[howls]

Arik: It's very flat. It's just the same pitch all the way along. We don't really know why wolves in different places sound different. It may be because they are actually quite different so they have different genetics and they've been subject to different evolution. It could be because in different landscapes, different kinds of howls are more useful. If you live in a forest, it may be better to howl with a howl that goes up and down a lot more and if you live in the open Arctic, it might be better to howl with a howl that's a very constant pitch.

[howl]

[music]

Teacher: Hello. Welcome to Howling 101. If you plan to study wolves, you need a good howl. That way, you can call out to the animals in the wild and hopefully get a reply, which, honestly, I wish would work for people. Why won't you answer my text, Jasper? We need to practice our competitive synchronized knitting or we'll lose the big yarn tournament. (clears throat)

Where was I? Oh, yes, when wolves howl back, researchers can better track them and study them. So without further ado, we proudly present Howling 101 with Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge.

Holly: The way I got taught was if you cup your hands around your mouth, take a really deep breath, and then start low and go high. Think about how movie wolves howl and try to imitate that a little bit. Try to do it like you're singing almost. I'm a little out of practice. It's been a little while since I've done this and I won't do it full volume because my neighbors will complain. This is how I would try to do a wolf howl [howls]. I actually really like listening to them just howl. I think it's beautiful.

Teacher: Brilliant, Jasper wrote back too, "Sorry, I was at the store picking up new knitting needles. Practice tonight?" Yarn doodle! Excuse me. Now, on with the show.

[music]

Molly: So wolves and humans have very similar vocal cords so that's why we can also howl. Maya, do you want to try howling with me? I promise it won't be weird. Maybe a little weird, but it's going to be great. Are you ready?

Maya: Yeah.

Molly: Cup your hands and put them on the sides of your mouth. Then on the count of three, we're going to howl. One, two, three.

[howl]

Molly: Nice howl.

Maya: Thank you.

[laughter]

[music]

Molly: Coming up, we're going to learn more about wolf packs and dens.

Maya: And we'll get to my question about wolves and dogs, so stick around.

Molly: You know, a good leader is one that is focused on growth, has strong roots in its community and always gives plenty back.

Maya: Which is exactly what plants do.

Molly: Precisely. That's why we think a plant might make a good president. We want your slogans for these lean, green world-saving machines. Maya, can you give us an example?

Maya: Sure. I'm a plant and you can't live without me, seriously.

Molly: That was good! Very persuasive. I would vote for you.

Maya: Thank you. [laughs]

Molly: We're doing an episode all about the secret world of plants and we want your slogans for it. Record yourself giving us your best pitch for plants as president then go to brainson.org and send it our way.


Canine club: From wolves to dogs! (1) Hundeclub: Vom Wolf zum Hund! (1) Canine club: From wolves to dogs! (1) Club canino: ¡De lobos a perros! (1) 犬クラブ:オオカミから犬まで! (1) Klub psów: Od wilków do psów! (1) Clube canino: de lobos a cães! (1) 犬类俱乐部:从狼到狗! (1)

**Maya:** You're listening to __Brains On__ where we're serious about being curious. マヤ:あなたは私たちが好奇心を持っていることに真剣に取り組んでいるBrainsOnを聴いています。 玛雅:你在听我们认真对待好奇的大脑。

**Voice:** Brains on is supported in part by a grant from the National Science Foundation. 声:ブレインズオンは、国立科学財団からの助成金によって部分的にサポートされています。 Voice: Brains on 部分得到了美国国家科学基金会的资助。

**Molly Bloom:** Hey, Sanden. モリーブルーム:ねえ、サンデン。

**Maya:** Whoa, Sanden, is that mini poodle typing? 玛雅:哇,桑登,那是迷你贵宾犬打字吗?

**Sanden:** Hey, Molly. Hey, Maya. Yeah, that's my dog Penelope. 是的,那是我的狗佩内洛普。 She joined some kind of social media app for dogs and she's kinda into it. 她加入了某种针对狗的社交媒体应用程序,她有点喜欢它。

**Maya:** Kind of? She looks obsessed. 她看起来很着迷。

**Molly:** I've never seen a dog type that fast or at all. 莫莉:我从来没有见过这么快的狗。 How did she learn that?

**Sanden:** Honestly, I don't know but it's a huge problem. She won't let me use the computer for anything else and the weird part is, I don't even know what she's writing. 她不让我用电脑做其他事情,奇怪的是,我什至不知道她在写什么。 It's just bark, bark, howl, bark, woof, bark, howl.

**Molly:** It's some kind of phonetic dog language. I wonder what she's saying.

[music]

**Penelope:** Hey Dubs, I saw your page on fetch.com and I had to send you a note. It's so cool to chat with a real, live wolf. Your life must be so cool living in the woods, hunting things, being tough and wolfy. 你的生活一定很酷,住在树林里,打猎,坚强而狼性。 I'm a poodle, so we couldn't be more different. 我是贵宾犬,所以我们完全不同。

**Dubs:** Penelope, hi. [howls] Yeah, I'm a wolf. Living in the woods is pretty cool. I can chase squirrels whenever I want. 我可以随时追逐松鼠。

**Penelope:** Wait, I love chasing squirrels too, lol.

**Dubs:** Really? It's like literally my favorite thing to do with my pack. 这就像字面上我最喜欢用我的包做的事情。

**Penelope:** Hold up, you have a pack? That is so weird because I also have a pack. It's my human, Sanden and some of our favorite house plants. 这是我的人类,三电和一些我们最喜欢的室内植物。 Don't tell Sanden but sometimes I pee on the plants to mark my territory. 不要告诉桑登,但有时我会在植物上撒尿以标记我的领地。 It's so random, right? 太随意了吧?

**Dubs:** I do that too. Wow. We actually have a lot in common.

**Penelope:** For realsies? 佩内洛普:实事求是? I thought it was just me and my canine family that loved a good territory mark.

**Dubs:** Hold up, Penelope, my family is the canine family too but with a C. Your family must be kanine with a K, right? 配音:等一下,佩内洛普,我的家人也是犬科,但有一个 C。你的家庭必须是带 K 的犬科,对吗?

**Penelope:** No, I'm a canine with a C too. Could we-

**Dubs:** Be very distantly related? 配音:关系很远?

**Penelope:** -be very distantly related?

[howl and yips]

[music]

**Molly:** This is __Brains On__ from American Public Media. I'm Molly Bloom and with me today is Maya from Maine. Hi Maya.

**Maya:** Hi Molly.

**Molly:** We asked you to co-host this wolf-filled episode because you asked us a cunning canine question. 莫莉:我们邀请你共同主持这个充满狼的剧集,因为你问了我们一个狡猾的犬问题。 What was that question that you sent to us?

**Maya:** The question was, "Why do we have dogs as pets but not distant relatives of dogs like wolves? 玛雅:问题是,“为什么我们有狗作为宠物,但没有像狼这样的狗的远亲? ".

**Molly:** That is a really excellent question. I'm going to answer that in just a bit, but what made you think of this question?

**Maya:** I thought that wolves and dogs have very similar features.

**Molly:** I'm guessing you have a dog then?

**Maya:** Yes, I do. Her name is Luna.

**Molly:** What kind of dog is she?

**Maya:** She's a yellow lab. 玛雅:她是一个黄色实验室。

**Molly:** Does Luna ever act like a wolf?

**Maya:** Other than chasing squirrels, no.

**Molly:** Have you ever seen a wolf in real life?

**Maya:** No, because if I had I probably would be running away screaming my face off. 玛雅:不,因为如果我有,我可能会尖叫着逃跑。

**Molly:** You're a little scared of wolves?

**Maya:** Absolutely, yeah. (laughs)

**Molly:** You said you noticed that wolves and dogs have similar features. Can you talk about which features those are that you noticed?

**Maya:** Muzzles and I think the stature. Maya: Muilkorven en ik denk het postuur. 玛雅:枪口和我认为的身材。 I also thought it's almost their eyes, they seem wild and exciting, like a certain canine fire. 我还认为这几乎是他们的眼睛,他们看起来狂野而令人兴奋,就像某种犬火一样。

**Molly:** Nice. Molly: Nice. There are so many different kinds of dogs. What dog in your mind is the least wolf-looking? 你心目中的哪只狗最不像狼?

**Maya:** Chihuahuas.

**Molly:** Which breed of dog do you think is the most wolf-like?

**Maya:** Huskies, definitely huskies.

**Molly:** Well, we are going to answer your question about wolves and dogs in just a bit but first, let's dig into this wolf business. 莫莉:嗯,我们稍后会回答你关于狼和狗的问题,但首先,让我们深入研究一下狼的业务。

**Collin:** Hi, my name is Collin and I'm from Mount Prospect, Illinois. Collin:嗨,我叫 Collin,来自伊利诺伊州的 Mount Prospect。 My question is, why do wolves howl and do canines have different vocal cords than humans? 我的问题是,为什么狼会嚎叫,而犬类的声带与人类不同?

**Maya:** My name is Maya and I'm Orofino, Idaho. We live in an area where there are lots of wolves. I'd like to know my wolves howl.

**Molly:** To help us with the answer, we got in touch with two expert wolf watchers.

**Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge:** Hi, I'm Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge and I'm a researcher at the University of Lincoln.

**Dr Arik Kershenbaum:** Hey, my name is Dr Arik Kershenbaum and I teach at the University of Cambridge. Most of the time when wolves howl, they're howling to communicate with other wolves that are far away.

[howls]

**Holly:** Sometimes they'll howl to say to their friends in the pack who are usually their brothers and sisters and their parents, "Hey, I'm over here. Where are you?"

**Wolf 1:** Howwwwww are all you tonight? I'm over heeeeeere.

**Wolf 2:** I'm gooooood. There's a tree over here and I'm going to peeeeee on it.

**Wolf 1:** Oh, coooooool.

**Arik:** Maybe you want to call them back so that you can go hunting. Maybe you've managed to do some hunting and you've got some food that you want to share with them.

**Holly:** Sometimes the pack will come together and howl and warn off other wolves in other packs that, "We're here, this is our land, stay away".

**Wolf 1:** Howl, keep away.

**Wolf 2:** Howl, we're soooo big and stroooong.

**Wolf 1:** And we know kung-fuuuuu.

**Holly:** Sometimes you get a wolf on its own that will howl to say, "Hey, I'm lonely. Is there anybody else out there who maybe might like me? 还有其他人可能会喜欢我吗? ", and they'll try to find a mate for the next season by howling to other wolves in the area. ”,他们会通过向该地区的其他狼嚎叫来尝试寻找下个赛季的伴侣。

[howls]

**Arik:** There's another reason that wolves howl, and that's just because they like it and that's not as silly as it sounds because all animals that live in groups, monkeys and parrots and humans, all have some activity that they use to strengthen the bonds of friendship between the members of the group. Arik:狼嚎叫还有另一个原因,那只是因为它们喜欢它,这并不像听起来那么愚蠢,因为所有群居的动物,猴子、鹦鹉和人类,都有一些活动来加强它们之间的联系。小组成员之间的友谊。

**Holly:** If you think about singing in a choir, I think it's like that for them. 霍莉:如果你考虑在合唱团唱歌,我想他们就是这样。

**Wolf 3:** Everybody ready? On three, one, two, three.

[music]

[howls]

**Holly:** They just really enjoy the experience of sharing their voices with the rest of the pack and coming together as a family for a good sing-song. 霍莉:他们真的很享受与其他人分享他们的声音并作为一家人聚在一起唱一首好歌的经历。

**Arik:** For that matter, when your dog sings along to the music of your favorite TV show because he or she is sitting in a group of this family and wants to feel a part of the group. Arik:就此而言,当你的狗跟着你最喜欢的电视节目的音乐唱歌时,因为他或她坐在这个家庭的一个小组中,并且想要感受这个小组的一部分。

[music]

[howls]

**Wolf 3:** That was great. Nice singing everyone.

**Wolf 2:** Really? I thought I was a little sharp. 我以为我有点敏锐。

**Wolf 3:** The only thing sharp about you are your razor sharp fangs, pal. Wolf 3:你唯一锋利的就是你那锋利的尖牙,伙计。

**Wolf 2:** You're the best pack mate.

**Wolf 3:** No, you're the best.

[howls]

**Automated voice:** Brains, brains, brains on.

[howls]

[clarinet plays]

**Jade:** Hi, I'm Jade. That was me playing my clarinet and my dog howling to it, bye.

**Molly:** Thank you for that awesome sound Jade. Now Maya, I'm sorry to say we don't have a dog here to accompany you in studio but we do have a fun little game. Get ready for some fantastic howl facts. 准备好一些奇妙的嚎叫事实。 I'm going to give you three statements and your job is to guess which one is true. Are you ready?

**Maya:** Yes.

**Automated voice:** Number one.

**Molly:** Howls always start in the key of C. 莫莉:嚎叫总是从 C 调开始。

**Automated voice:** Number two.

**Molly:** Wolves in different parts of the world howl with different accents or-

**Automated voice:** Number three.

**Molly:** -wolves only howl when the moon is out. 莫莉:-只有月亮出来的时候狼才会嚎叫。

**Maya:** I think that two is correct.

**Molly:** The answer is...

**Holly:** Like humans have accents from where they're born, wolves are the same and if you have a Californian wolf or a Canadian wolf, they'll sound different to each other when they howl.

**Automated voice:** Number two.

**Molly:** You were correct. Nice work.

**Maya:** Yes!

[laughter]

**Molly:** As far as we can tell, it's just a myth that wolves howl at the moon. 莫莉:据我们所知,狼对着月亮嚎叫只是一个神话。 They do tend to howl at night, so maybe that's where that idea comes from and sadly, wolves don't always howl in the key of C but that would make harmonizing with them so much easier. 他们确实倾向于在晚上嚎叫,所以也许这就是这个想法的来源,可悲的是,狼并不总是在 C 调上嚎叫,但这会让与他们和谐相处变得容易得多。 Arik Kershenbaum says, you can tell where a wolf is from by the changes in the pitch and frequency in its howl. Arik Kershenbaum 说,你可以通过嚎叫的音调和频率的变化来判断狼来自哪里。

**Arik:** This is a timber wolf.

[howls]

**Arik:** You can hear that the pitch starts high and then it goes down and then it steps down again. This is a European wolf.

[howls]

**Arik:** It's very flat. It's just the same pitch all the way along. 一路上都是同一个音高。 We don't really know why wolves in different places sound different. It may be because they are actually quite different so they have different genetics and they've been subject to different evolution. 这可能是因为它们实际上完全不同,所以它们具有不同的基因,并且它们经历了不同的进化。 It could be because in different landscapes, different kinds of howls are more useful. 这可能是因为在不同的景观中,不同种类的嚎叫更有用。 If you live in a forest, it may be better to howl with a howl that goes up and down a lot more and if you live in the open Arctic, it might be better to howl with a howl that's a very constant pitch. 如果你住在森林里,最好用一个上下起伏的嚎叫来嚎叫,如果你住在开阔的北极,用一个非常恒定的音调嚎叫可能会更好。

[howl]

[music]

**Teacher:** Hello. Welcome to __Howling 101__. If you plan to study wolves, you need a good howl. That way, you can call out to the animals in the wild and hopefully get a reply, which, honestly, I wish would work for people. 这样,你可以在野外呼唤动物,并希望得到回复,老实说,我希望这对人们有用。 Why won't you answer my text, Jasper? We need to practice our competitive synchronized knitting or we'll lose the big yarn tournament. 我们需要练习我们有竞争力的花样编织,否则我们会输掉大纱线锦标赛。 (clears throat)

Where was I? Oh, yes, when wolves howl back, researchers can better track them and study them. So without further ado, we proudly present __Howling 101__ with Dr Holly Root-Gutteridge. 因此,事不宜迟,我们自豪地向 Holly Root-Gutteridge 博士介绍 Howling 101。

**Holly:** The way I got taught was if you cup your hands around your mouth, take a really deep breath, and then start low and go high. 霍莉:我被教导的方式是,如果你把手放在嘴边,深吸一口气,然后从低处开始,然后往高处走。 Think about how movie wolves howl and try to imitate that a little bit. Try to do it like you're singing almost. 试着像你在唱歌一样做。 I'm a little out of practice. 我有点不习惯。 It's been a little while since I've done this and I won't do it full volume because my neighbors will complain. 自从我这样做以来已经有一段时间了,我不会全力以赴,因为我的邻居会抱怨。 This is how I would try to do a wolf howl [howls]. I actually really like listening to them just howl. 我真的很喜欢听他们嚎叫。 I think it's beautiful.

**Teacher:** Brilliant, Jasper wrote back too, "Sorry, I was at the store picking up new knitting needles. 老师:太棒了,Jasper 也回信说:“对不起,我在商店买新的织针。 Practice tonight?" 今晚练吗?” Yarn doodle! 毛线涂鸦! Excuse me. Now, on with the show. 现在,继续表演。

[music]

**Molly:** So wolves and humans have very similar vocal cords so that's why we can also howl. Maya, do you want to try howling with me? I promise it won't be weird. Maybe a little weird, but it's going to be great. Are you ready?

**Maya:** Yeah.

**Molly:** Cup your hands and put them on the sides of your mouth. Then on the count of three, we're going to howl. One, two, three.

[howl]

**Molly:** Nice howl.

**Maya:** Thank you.

[laughter]

[music]

**Molly:** Coming up, we're going to learn more about wolf packs and dens. 莫莉:接下来,我们将更多地了解狼群和窝点。

**Maya:** And we'll get to my question about wolves and dogs, so stick around. 玛雅:我们会谈到我关于狼和狗的问题,所以坚持下去。

**Molly:** You know, a good leader is one that is focused on growth, has strong roots in its community and always gives plenty back. 莫莉:你知道,一个好的领导者是一个专注于成长、在社区中扎根并总是回馈很多的人。

**Maya:** Which is exactly what plants do. 玛雅:这正是植物所做的。

**Molly:** Precisely. 莫莉:没错。 That's why we think a plant might make a good president. 这就是为什么我们认为植物可能会成为一个好总统。 We want your slogans for these lean, green world-saving machines. 我们希望您为这些精益、绿色、拯救世界的机器提供口号。 Maya, can you give us an example?

**Maya:** Sure. I'm a plant and you can't live without me, seriously.

**Molly:** That was good! Very persuasive. I would vote for you.

**Maya:** Thank you. [laughs]

**Molly:** We're doing an episode all about the secret world of plants and we want your slogans for it. 莫莉:我们正在制作一集关于植物的秘密世界,我们想要你的口号。 Record yourself giving us your best pitch for plants as president then go to brainson.org and send it our way. 记录你自己作为总统给我们你最好的植物宣传然后去 Brainson.org 并发送给我们。