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E-Books (english-e-reader), Muhammad Ali (1)

Muhammad Ali (1)

Who is Muhammad Ali? Why is he famous? Why did he have two names, Cassius Clay in his early years, and later Muhammad Ali? And what is he doing now?

Muhammad Ali was, of course, a famous boxer, a world champion. But he fought for black Americans, mo. He stopped boxing in 1981 because he was sick. But today he is fighting for peace in the world.

The Red and White Bike

The story starts with a boy's new red and white bike.

It is 1954. Joe Martin is a policeman in Louisville Kentucky, but he teaches boxing in a gym in the evenings, too.

One-day two young black boys come into the gym. One of them sees Joe.

"Excuse me," he says. "Are you Joe Martin, the policeman?"

"That's right." Joe says. "What's your problem?"

"It's my new bike," the boy says. "It's red and white. It was in front of this building, and now it's not there."

The young boy is unhappy and very angry.

"I'm going to find the boy with my bike. Then I'm going to whup him!" he says again and again.

Joe Martin smiles. The boy is about twelve years old. He is tall with long legs, and he is thin.

"Can you box?" Joe asks.

"No, I can't box," the boy says, "But I want to whup that boy,"

Joe smiles again "Come here to the gym first. Maybe I can teach you."

"OK," the boy says. "I'd like that."

"Good," Joe says. "What's your name?"

"Cassius," the boy says. "Cassius Clay."

Joe doesn't know it, but in only ten years that young black boy is going to be a world boxing champion!

After that, Cassius went to Joe Martin's gym six days a week. He was strong and quick on his feet, and he started boxing with the other boys in the gym. He didn't box tor money, of course. He boxed because he liked it. He usually won his fights. He was good!

But he wasn't a good student at school. He had a lot of problems. He was a good boy from a good family. He was friendly and his teachers liked him. But school work was very difficult for him. The only important thing in the world for him then was boxing.

In six years, he had 108 fights and he won 100 of them.

Then in 1960, he went to Rome and boxed for the United States.

The Olympic Games

In 1960, Cassius was only eighteen years old. He was in Rome for the Olympic Games. He beat every opponent and he won an Olympic medal for the United States. He was an Olympic boxing champion. And he didn't take off his Olympic medal for weeks-night or day.

At home in Louisville, he was famous. But he was black. And in Louisville in the 1960s there were places for white people and places for black people.

In many hotels, theaters, stores, and buses, black people didn't sit with white people. One day Cassius wanted to buy a drink in a "white" store. It was a problem. "Whites only," they said.

"But I'm the Olympic boxing champion - I'm famous," Cassius said.

"Whites only," they answered. "Go away!"

Cassius was very unhappy about that. "I'm going to be the World Champion," he said. "I'm going to be important. Then white people are going to sit down with me and listen to me."

After the Olympic Games Cassius started to fight for money. Boxing wasn't a game now. It was his work. He moved from Louisville to Miami. He went to a new gym in Miami, and he had new friends. One of them was

Angelo Dundee. He worked with Cassius in the gym and was always with him for his fights.

The First Fight with Sonny Liston

In 1964, Cassius Clay was twenty-two years old. He was tall and strong. After nineteen fights and nineteen wins, he wanted to fight the world champion, Sonny Liston.

Clay always moved very quickly in his fights. He danced here and there in the ring. His opponents were big, strong men. But they lost because their punches usually didn't hit him.

But Liston was the world champion and a very strong boxer. The newspapers in the U.S. said, "Liston is going to win this tight. Clay is very young. Liston is going to kill him." Only three newspapers said, "Maybe Clay can beat the champion."

The fight was in Miami, and it was on television in a lot of American theaters, too.

Young Cassius Clay wanted to be famous and make a lot of money. Before his fights, he played a game. He talked and talked. Usually boxers were quiet men, but Clay's mouth was always open.

Before every light ho said to the people and the newspapers. "I'm beautiful. I'm good. Pm quick and strong. Pm going to beat that man in two, or three, or four rounds." White people were angry with him. They didn't like this young black man with the big mouth. "Kill him!" they said to his opponents. "Close that big mouth for him." But then, of course, a lot of people wanted to see the fight Before the tight with Sonny Liston, Clay played this same game. Liston was very strong, but he wasn't very quick.

The fight is on February 25. In round 1 Clay starts to dance. Liston can't hit him. Sometimes Clay hits his opponent's face - one, two very quick punches. Then he moves away. Liston goes after him, but slowly. He is big and strong, but he can't hit the young Clay.

Clay goes back to his chair. He smiles at his friend, Angelo Dundee. "That's the first round, and he didn't kill me," he says. "I can win this." Liston is on his feet. He doesn't want to sit down. He wants to start round 2.

But it is the same story in rounds 2 and 3 and 4. Clay dances across the ring and Liston can't catch him. Sometimes he hits Clay, of course but Clay is always moving away. And he is hitting Liston's face and eyes all the time.

After six rounds, Liston sits down. His face is red and one eye is closing. Suddenly he is very tired. "That man can hit!" he says.

Now it is round 7 and Clay is standing up on his feet. He is waiting, but his opponent isn't moving from his chair. Cassius Clay is the new champion of the world and he is only twenty-two years old.

He calls to the newspaper men near the ring. "I am the champion. I'm beautiful. I'm number one in the world. And you were all wrong, wrong, wrong!

A New Name and New Problems

The day after that first fight with Liston, Cassius Clay had a new name. "My name is not Cassius Clay now," he said. "It's Muhammad Ali."

Ali's family was unhappy about this. His father, "Cash Clay, and his mother were good Christian people. Their two sons were always good Christians, too. They loved their mother and father and had a happy home.

"What's wrong with the name 'Clay'?" his father asked. "It's a good name. It's our name."

"Clay is a white man's name," Ali said. "We have that name because our family worked for Mr. Clay, a white man. Our family came from Africa, and I would like a new name, a 'black' name. And from today, I'm going to be a Muslim, because in the U.S. white people are Christians, My black brothers are Muslims and I'm going to be a Muslim, too."

Later that year Ali visited Egypt and Africa. He talked to Muslims there. "There are Muslims of all colors in the world," he said. "I know that now. Our problem in the U.S. is only with the bad white people there." But he liked his new Muslim name and he stayed a Muslim.

Fifteen months later, he and Sonny Liston fought again. This time Liston was on his face on the floor in the first round. Muhammad Ali was the world-boxing champion.

In 1967, the U.S. Army was in Vietnam. Thousands of young Americans, white and black, went into the U.S. Army and fought the Vietcong. The U.S. government called Muhammad Ali and said, "Your country wants you in the army. You have to go to Vietnam."

Ali answered, "I'm a Muslim and Muslims want peace. They don t fight and kill people. Who are the Vietcong? They don't want to kill me, and I don't want to kill them. I'm not going to go into the army!"

This was a big problem. The U.S. government said, "Go into the army, or go to jail." The American people were angry with Ali, and they really didn't like him. "You can't box in the U.S. You can't be world champion," the government said. "And you can't go and box in other countries." But Ali didn't go into the army.

"I'm a boxer," he said. "I fight people because that's my job. But I don't kill people."

Ali didn't box for two years. He talked to students in schools and got a little money. He talked about peace in Vietnam. "The fighting in Vietnam is wrong," he always said.

The government didn't send him to jail, but he didn't have much money. Then in 1970 the U.S. government said, "You can box again."

But there was a new world champion now, Joe Frazier.

Joe Frazier, A New Opponent

Joe Frazier was a good boxer. He was strong and quick. He was an Olympic champion, too. He won his medal at the Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964 Ali's first fight with him was in New York in 1971.

But two years away from boxing is a long time. The tight was very difficult tor Alt. He danced, but he was slow and tired. He fought well, but after fifteen long rounds Frazier won.

But Ali didn't stop fighting. After thirteen lights and twelve wins, he fought Joe Frazier again in New York in 1974. Frazier fought well, but after a long and difficult fight, this time Ali was the winner.

This time, Ali was the winner.

But Ali wasn't the world champion after that fight. At that, time there was a new world champion, George Foreman. "I want to be world champion again," Ali said. And only George Foreman can stop me now. When and where can I fight him?"

Ali and Foreman - The Big Fight

The Ali - Foreman fight wasn't in the U.S. It was in Kinshasa, in Zaire. Ali loved Africa. Zaire was a black country. The government was black. Ali stayed in a beautiful big hotel, and the people there loved him.

He was on the streets of Kinshasa every day and people called to him, "'Ali! Bomaye! Ali! Bomaye!'"

"Bomaye? What are they saying?" Ali asked a man.

The man had a big smile. "They're saying, Ali! Kill him!"

Of course, George Foreman was a black American, too. But Africans loved Ali because he wanted peace in Vietnam. And he was very famous because he didn't go into the U.S. Army.

But George Foreman was a very big, strong boxer. He was twenty-five years old and Ali was thirty-two. And Foreman wasn't slow and heavy.

At four o'clock on the morning of October 30 1974, Ali and Foreman start the big fight. It is very hot in Kinshasa. There is going to be heavy rain later in the day.

In round 1 Ali starts to move and dance across the ring. Foreman comes after him. In the first round, there is no winner.

Ali sits down. "I can't dance for fifteen rounds," he thinks. "It's very hot, and Foreman is quick.

The old game isn't going to work."

In round 2 Ali stops dancing. He tries a new game. He is going to make his opponent tired. He moves slowly. Sometimes he only stands there. Foreman hit him with big, heavy punches. People call out. "Dance, Ali! Dance! Don't stop moving. He's killing you."


Muhammad Ali (1)

Who is Muhammad Ali? Why is he famous? Why did he have two names, Cassius Clay in his early years, and later Muhammad Ali? And what is he doing now?

Muhammad Ali was, of course, a famous boxer, a world champion. But he fought for black Americans, mo. しかし、彼は黒人のアメリカ人のために戦った、mo。 He stopped boxing in 1981 because he was sick. But today he is fighting for peace in the world. しかし今日、彼は世界の平和のために戦っています。

The Red and White Bike 赤と白のバイク

The story starts with a boy's new red and white bike. 物語は男の子の新しい赤と白のバイクから始まります。

It is 1954. Joe Martin is a policeman in Louisville Kentucky, but he teaches boxing in a gym in the evenings, too.

One-day two young black boys come into the gym. One of them sees Joe. そのうちの1人はジョーを見ています。

"Excuse me," he says. "Are you Joe Martin, the policeman?" 「あなたは警官のジョー・マーティンですか?」

"That's right." Joe says. "What's your problem?"

"It's my new bike," the boy says. 「それは私の新しいバイクです」と男の子は言います。 "It's red and white. It was in front of this building, and now it's not there." この建物の前にありましたが、今はありません。」

The young boy is unhappy and very angry.

"I'm going to find the boy with my bike. 「バイクを持っている男の子を見つけるつもりです。 Then I'm going to whup him!" それなら私は彼を怒らせるつもりです!」 he says again and again.

Joe Martin smiles. The boy is about twelve years old. He is tall with long legs, and he is thin.

"Can you box?" 「箱に入れてもらえますか?」 Joe asks.

"No, I can't box," the boy says, "But I want to whup that boy," 「いいえ、私は箱に入れることができません」と男の子は言います、「しかし、私はその男の子を怒らせたいです」。

Joe smiles again "Come here to the gym first. ジョーは再び微笑みます。「最初にジムに来てください。 Maybe I can teach you."

"OK," the boy says. "I'd like that."

"Good," Joe says. "What's your name?"

"Cassius," the boy says. "Cassius Clay."

Joe doesn't know it, but in only ten years that young black boy is going to be a world boxing champion! ジョーはそれを知りませんが、たった10年で、その若い黒人の少年は世界ボクシングチャンピオンになるでしょう!

After that, Cassius went to Joe Martin's gym six days a week. その後、カシウスは週に6日ジョーマーティンのジムに行きました。 He was strong and quick on his feet, and he started boxing with the other boys in the gym. 彼は強くて素早い足で、ジムで他の男の子とボクシングを始めました。 He didn't box tor money, of course. もちろん、彼はお金を箱に入れませんでした。 He boxed because he liked it. He usually won his fights. 彼は通常彼の戦いに勝った。 He was good!

But he wasn't a good student at school. He had a lot of problems. He was a good boy from a good family. 彼は良い家族のいい子でした。 He was friendly and his teachers liked him. But school work was very difficult for him. しかし、彼にとって学校の仕事は非常に困難でした。 The only important thing in the world for him then was boxing. 彼にとって世界で唯一重要なことはボクシングでした。

In six years, he had 108 fights and he won 100 of them. 6年間で108回の戦いがあり、そのうち100回勝ちました。

Then in 1960, he went to Rome and boxed for the United States.

The Olympic Games

In 1960, Cassius was only eighteen years old. He was in Rome for the Olympic Games. He beat every opponent and he won an Olympic medal for the United States. He was an Olympic boxing champion. And he didn't take off his Olympic medal for weeks-night or day. そして、彼はオリンピックのメダルを何週間も(夜も昼も)離陸しませんでした。

At home in Louisville, he was famous. But he was black. And in Louisville in the 1960s there were places for white people and places for black people. そして1960年代のルイビルには白人のための場所と黒人のための場所がありました。

In many hotels, theaters, stores, and buses, black people didn't sit with white people. One day Cassius wanted to buy a drink in a "white" store. It was a problem. "Whites only," they said.

"But I'm the Olympic boxing champion - I'm famous," Cassius said.

"Whites only," they answered. "Go away!"

Cassius was very unhappy about that. "I'm going to be the World Champion," he said. "I'm going to be important. Then white people are going to sit down with me and listen to me." それから白人は私と一緒に座って私に耳を傾けるでしょう。」

After the Olympic Games Cassius started to fight for money. オリンピックの後、カシウスはお金のために戦い始めました。 Boxing wasn't a game now. ボクシングは今のところゲームではありませんでした。 It was his work. He moved from Louisville to Miami. 彼はルイビルからマイアミに引っ越した。 He went to a new gym in Miami, and he had new friends. One of them was

Angelo Dundee. He worked with Cassius in the gym and was always with him for his fights. 彼はジムでカシウスと一緒に働き、彼の戦いのためにいつも彼と一緒にいました。

The First Fight with Sonny Liston ソニー・リストンとの最初の戦い

In 1964, Cassius Clay was twenty-two years old. 1964年、カシウスクレイは22歳でした。 He was tall and strong. After nineteen fights and nineteen wins, he wanted to fight the world champion, Sonny Liston. 19回の戦いと19回の勝利の後、彼は世界チャンピオンのソニー・リストンと戦いたかった。

Clay always moved very quickly in his fights. クレイはいつも彼の戦いで非常に速く動きました。 He danced here and there in the ring. 彼はリングのあちこちで踊った。 His opponents were big, strong men. But they lost because their punches usually didn't hit him.

But Liston was the world champion and a very strong boxer. The newspapers in the U.S. said, "Liston is going to win this tight. 「リストンはこれほどタイトに勝つだろう。 Clay is very young. Liston is going to kill him." Only three newspapers said, "Maybe Clay can beat the champion."

The fight was in Miami, and it was on television in a lot of American theaters, too.

Young Cassius Clay wanted to be famous and make a lot of money. Before his fights, he played a game. 彼の戦いの前に、彼はゲームをしました。 He talked and talked. Usually boxers were quiet men, but Clay's mouth was always open.

Before every light ho said to the people and the newspapers. すべての光の前にホーは人々と新聞に言いました。 "I'm beautiful. I'm good. Pm quick and strong. Pm速くて強い。 Pm going to beat that man in two, or three, or four rounds." Pmはその男を2、3、または4ラウンドで倒すつもりです。」 White people were angry with him. They didn't like this young black man with the big mouth. "Kill him!" they said to his opponents. "Close that big mouth for him." 「彼のためにその大きな口を閉じなさい。」 But then, of course, a lot of people wanted to see the fight Before the tight with Sonny Liston, Clay played this same game. しかし、もちろん、多くの人が戦いを見たいと思っていました。ソニー・リストンとのタイトな前に、クレイはこれと同じゲームをしました。 Liston was very strong, but he wasn't very quick.

The fight is on February 25. In round 1 Clay starts to dance. Liston can't hit him. Sometimes Clay hits his opponent's face - one, two very quick punches. Then he moves away. それから彼は去ります。 Liston goes after him, but slowly. He is big and strong, but he can't hit the young Clay.

Clay goes back to his chair. He smiles at his friend, Angelo Dundee. "That's the first round, and he didn't kill me," he says. "I can win this." Liston is on his feet. リストンは立ち上がっています。 He doesn't want to sit down. He wants to start round 2.

But it is the same story in rounds 2 and 3 and 4. Clay dances across the ring and Liston can't catch him. 粘土はリングを横切って踊り、リストンは彼を捕まえることができません。 Sometimes he hits Clay, of course but Clay is always moving away. もちろん、時々彼はクレイにぶつかりますが、クレイはいつも離れていきます。 And he is hitting Liston's face and eyes all the time. そして彼はいつもリストンの顔と目を打っています。

After six rounds, Liston sits down. His face is red and one eye is closing. Suddenly he is very tired. "That man can hit!" 「あの男は殴ることができる!」 he says.

Now it is round 7 and Clay is standing up on his feet. 今はラウンド7で、クレイは立ち上がっています。 He is waiting, but his opponent isn't moving from his chair. 彼は待っていますが、相手は椅子から動いていません。 Cassius Clay is the new champion of the world and he is only twenty-two years old.

He calls to the newspaper men near the ring. 彼はリングの近くの新聞社の男性に電話をかけます。 "I am the champion. I'm beautiful. I'm number one in the world. And you were all wrong, wrong, wrong! そして、あなたはすべて間違っていました、間違っていました、間違っていました!

A New Name and New Problems 新しい名前と新しい問題

The day after that first fight with Liston, Cassius Clay had a new name. "My name is not Cassius Clay now," he said. "It's Muhammad Ali." 「それはモハメド・アリです。」

Ali's family was unhappy about this. アリの家族はこれに不満を持っていました。 His father, "Cash Clay, and his mother were good Christian people. 彼の父、「キャッシュクレイと彼の母は良いクリスチャンの人々でした。 Their two sons were always good Christians, too. They loved their mother and father and had a happy home.

"What's wrong with the name 'Clay'?" 「「クレイ」という名前の何が問題になっていますか?」 his father asked. "It's a good name. It's our name."

"Clay is a white man's name," Ali said. 「粘土は白人の名前だ」とアリは言った。 "We have that name because our family worked for Mr. Clay, a white man. 「私たちの家族が白人のクレイ氏のために働いていたので、私たちはその名前を持っています。 Our family came from Africa, and I would like a new name, a 'black' name. 私たちの家族はアフリカから来ました、そして私は新しい名前、「黒い」名前が欲しいです。 And from today, I'm going to be a Muslim, because in the U.S. そして今日から、私はイスラム教徒になります。なぜならアメリカでは white people are Christians, My black brothers are Muslims and I'm going to be a Muslim, too."

Later that year Ali visited Egypt and Africa. He talked to Muslims there. "There are Muslims of all colors in the world," he said. 「世界にはあらゆる色のイスラム教徒がいる」と彼は言った。 "I know that now. Our problem in the U.S. 米国での私たちの問題 is only with the bad white people there." そこにいるのは悪い白人だけです。」 But he liked his new Muslim name and he stayed a Muslim.

Fifteen months later, he and Sonny Liston fought again. This time Liston was on his face on the floor in the first round. 今回、リストンは最初のラウンドで彼の顔を床に置いた。 Muhammad Ali was the world-boxing champion.

In 1967, the U.S. Army was in Vietnam. Thousands of young Americans, white and black, went into the U.S. 何千人もの若いアメリカ人、白人と黒人が米国に入った Army and fought the Vietcong. 軍隊とベトコンと戦った。 The U.S. government called Muhammad Ali and said, "Your country wants you in the army. 政府はモハメド・アリに電話し、「あなたの国はあなたが軍隊にいることを望んでいます。 You have to go to Vietnam."

Ali answered, "I'm a Muslim and Muslims want peace. アリは、「私はイスラム教徒であり、イスラム教徒は平和を望んでいます。 They don t fight and kill people. Who are the Vietcong? ベトコンは誰ですか? They don't want to kill me, and I don't want to kill them. 彼らは私を殺したくないし、私は彼らを殺したくない。 I'm not going to go into the army!"

This was a big problem. The U.S. government said, "Go into the army, or go to jail." 政府は「軍隊に入るか、刑務所に行く」と言った。 The American people were angry with Ali, and they really didn't like him. "You can't box in the U.S. You can't be world champion," the government said. "And you can't go and box in other countries." 「そして、他の国に行って箱詰めすることはできません。」 But Ali didn't go into the army.

"I'm a boxer," he said. "I fight people because that's my job. 「それが私の仕事だから、私は人々と戦う。 But I don't kill people."

Ali didn't box for two years. He talked to students in schools and got a little money. 彼は学校の生徒たちと話し、少しのお金を手に入れました。 He talked about peace in Vietnam. "The fighting in Vietnam is wrong," he always said.

The government didn't send him to jail, but he didn't have much money. 政府は彼を刑務所に送っていませんでしたが、彼にはあまりお金がありませんでした。 Then in 1970 the U.S. government said, "You can box again."

But there was a new world champion now, Joe Frazier.

Joe Frazier, A New Opponent

Joe Frazier was a good boxer. He was strong and quick. He was an Olympic champion, too. He won his medal at the Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964 Ali's first fight with him was in New York in 1971.

But two years away from boxing is a long time. The tight was very difficult tor Alt. He danced, but he was slow and tired. He fought well, but after fifteen long rounds Frazier won.

But Ali didn't stop fighting. After thirteen lights and twelve wins, he fought Joe Frazier again in New York in 1974. Frazier fought well, but after a long and difficult fight, this time Ali was the winner.

This time, Ali was the winner.

But Ali wasn't the world champion after that fight. At that, time there was a new world champion, George Foreman. "I want to be world champion again," Ali said. And only George Foreman can stop me now. そして今、ジョージ・フォアマンだけが私を止めることができます。 When and where can I fight him?" いつ、どこで彼と戦うことができますか?」

Ali and Foreman - The Big Fight

The Ali - Foreman fight wasn't in the U.S. アリ-フォアマンの戦いは米国ではありませんでした It was in Kinshasa, in Zaire. Ali loved Africa. Zaire was a black country. The government was black. Ali stayed in a beautiful big hotel, and the people there loved him.

He was on the streets of Kinshasa every day and people called to him, "'Ali! Bomaye! Ali! Bomaye!'"

"Bomaye? What are they saying?" Ali asked a man.

The man had a big smile. "They're saying, Ali! Kill him!"

Of course, George Foreman was a black American, too. But Africans loved Ali because he wanted peace in Vietnam. And he was very famous because he didn't go into the U.S. Army.

But George Foreman was a very big, strong boxer. He was twenty-five years old and Ali was thirty-two. And Foreman wasn't slow and heavy.

At four o'clock on the morning of October 30 1974, Ali and Foreman start the big fight. It is very hot in Kinshasa. There is going to be heavy rain later in the day.

In round 1 Ali starts to move and dance across the ring. Foreman comes after him. In the first round, there is no winner.

Ali sits down. "I can't dance for fifteen rounds," he thinks. "It's very hot, and Foreman is quick.

The old game isn't going to work."

In round 2 Ali stops dancing. He tries a new game. He is going to make his opponent tired. He moves slowly. Sometimes he only stands there. Foreman hit him with big, heavy punches. People call out. "Dance, Ali! Dance! Don't stop moving. He's killing you."