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E-Books (english-e-reader), Incredible Earth

Incredible Earth

Earth's Crust

Earth is round, like an orange. Oranges have a skin and Earth has a skin, too. We call this skin Earth's crust. Under the crust, there is very hot rock.

Earth's crust has different pieces. These pieces move very, very slowly. Millions of years ago, the pieces moved and made mountains. Under mountains, the crust is thick, but under the ocean, it's thinner. When two pieces of the crust move and meet, there can be earthquakes.

A volcano is a hole in Earth's crust. When a volcano erupts, hot rock flies out from under the ground, and melted rock pours out over the ground. Volcanoes under the ocean sometimes make new islands. In 1963, a volcano in the Atlantic Ocean made a new island called Surtsey.

There are many different rocks in Earth's crust. They are millions of years old. The rocks are often different colors. In the Painted Desert in Arizona in the USA, you can see the different rocks.

CHAPTER TWO

Oceans

On Earth, there is more ocean than land. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean. It's bigger than Africa!

Did you know that there are mountains and valleys under the ocean? Some of these mountains are bigger than the biggest mountains on land. In the deepest parts of the ocean, the water is 10 kilometers deep.

The water in the ocean is always moving. Waves hit the land and break the rocks. Sometimes, big pieces of rock fall into the ocean. They leave big cliffs, like the beautiful Uluwatu Cliffs in Bali in Indonesia.

Where the ocean is warm, we sometimes find coral. Coral is made of millions of very small animals that make hard covers around themselves. When the animals die, the hard covers make the coral reef.

The Great Barrier Reef near Australia is the biggest coral reef in the world. It's 2,600 kilometers long. Sea turtles, dolphins, and many other amazing animals live there.

In some places, where the coral reef is very big, it comes out of the water. It makes a small island.

CHAPTER THREE

Rivers and Waterfalls

Rivers usually begin as streams in mountains. The water comes from rain or snow. All rivers then go to the ocean.

Big rivers are very strong. When the ground under a river is soft, the river makes valleys. When the ground under it is hard rock, there are waterfalls or rapids.

One incredible waterfall is the Iguazu Falls between Argentina and Brazil. Iguazu means 'big water' in an old language of South America.

There's more water in the River Amazon than in any other river in the world. It begins in the mountains in Peru and Ecuador. Then it goes through the rainforest in Brazil, and to the Atlantic Ocean.

There are no bridges on the Amazon. First, the river goes through rainforest and there are no roads. Then, near the ocean, the river is very wide so people can't build bridges. They cross the river by boat.

The Amazon is the home of one of the longest snakes, called anacondas. Some grow to 9 meters long.

CHAPTER FOUR

Glaciers and Icebergs

The coldest places on Earth are in the highest mountains, and at the North and South Poles. Here, there are rivers made of ice. They are called glaciers. Glaciers begin when snow falls.

Mountain glaciers move very, very slowly down the mountain. When the ice melts, the water goes into rivers. It can take thousands of years for the water from a glacier to get to the ocean.

At the North and South Poles, where the glaciers are near the ocean, very big pieces of ice break off. These are called icebergs. Icebergs move slowly on the ocean.

Near the North Pole, Ilulissat is one of the most incredible places on Earth - and one of the coldest. The glacier and icebergs here are very, very big. The glacier is about 40 kilometers long and it moves slowly to the Arctic Ocean. It moves about 30 meters every day.

Icebergs are dangerous for boats. Most of the ice is under the water, so people in boats can't see all the ice.

CHAPTER FIVE

Hot Water

Imagine you are in this park. Suddenly, you hear a loud noise of water moving very fast. Then hot water and steam pour out of the ground. You are looking at a geyser.

What makes a geyser? When it rains or snows, the water goes into the ground. Deep under the ground, there is hot rock. If rainwater touches a lot of hot rock, it begins to boil. Then there's a lot of steam.

Suddenly, the water can't stay under the ground. It has to come out. Geysers are very hot, so don't go near them!

These white cliffs look like they are made of ice, but they are really made of rock. Hot water came out of the ground and poured down the mountain. Then minerals in the water made these incredible cliffs. They look like waterfalls, but they never move. They are thousands of years old.

At the Jigokudani Monkey Park in Japan, hot water from under the ground makes pools. When the weather is cold, monkeys sit in the warm water.

CHAPTER SIX

Mountains and Lakes

The biggest mountain chain in the world is the Himalayas in Asia. It began when two pieces of Earth's crust met and moved up. They began to move about 50 million years ago - and they are moving now, very slowly.

The top of Mount Everest in the Himalayas is the highest place on Earth - it's about 9 kilometers above the ocean. Everest is very big and it's getting bigger. The top of Everest goes up about 5 millimeters every year, because Earth's crust is moving all the time.

Near high mountains, there are often deep lakes. The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Russia. It's more than 1,600 meters deep. Scientists are exploring the lake in small submarines.

Lake Baikal began when pieces of Earth's crust moved and made a deep hole. Water from 330 rivers goes into Lake Baikal. There's more water here than in all the Great Lakes in North America!

CHAPTER SEVEN

Caves

Caves are incredible underground worlds. Many people are interested in them.

What makes a cave? Near the coast, ocean waves hit cliffs and make holes. In the mountains, the moving ice in a glacier makes caves in the rock.

The most incredible caves are in soft rock called limestone. Rain falls on the limestone and makes holes. Slowly, the holes grow bigger and make caves. This takes thousands and thousands of years.

The Sarawak Chamber in Borneo is the biggest cave in the world. It's longer than ten big planes!

Caves are usually very wet because water comes through the rock. Slowly, the raindrops mix with minerals and build incredible rock sculptures, called stalactites and stalagmites.

Thousands of years ago, people lived in caves. They didn't have books or paper, so they drew pictures on the cave walls. People drew this picture in a cave in France, about 16,000 years ago.

CHAPTER EIGHT

Earthquakes and Tsunamis

Usually, Earth's crust moves very slowly - only a few millimeters every year. Sometimes, two pieces of the crust move suddenly in different directions, and then there's an earthquake.

Earthquakes are dangerous because buildings sometimes fall down. When there's an earthquake, people in buildings go under a heavy table. Or they stand between two rooms. These are good ideas - they can help to keep people safe.

There are earthquakes under the ocean, too. Usually, they are small and not dangerous. Sometimes an earthquake under the ocean makes a giant wave called a tsunami. Tsunamis can be very dangerous.

After a tsunami, there are often floods. There's water everywhere. Houses, cars, and trees are in the water. The water isn't clean, so many people are sick. In 2004, there was a very big tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Many people died.

CHAPTER NINE

Deserts

A desert is a dry place, with almost no rain. About 20 percent (%) of the land on Earth is desert. What are deserts made of? Some deserts are made of sand, and many deserts are made of stones or rocks. Deserts are usually hot, but not always. Antarctica is a cold desert. It doesn't rain often there, but there's lots of ice.

The Sahara Desert in Africa is the biggest hot desert on Earth. It's bigger than Australia! The animals in the desert can live there because they don't drink very often.

Camels can live for a week with no water.

In Bolivia in South America, there's a desert made of salt. It's called the Salar de Uyuni. About 40,000 years ago, it was a saltwater lake, but now the ground is hard and dry most of the time. Sometimes the ground looks like a big mirror.

Many people visit the Salar de Uyuni because it's an incredible place. There's even a hotel made of salt!

CHAPTER TEN

Erosion

Where are these rocks? Are they on the moon? No, they are in Cappadocia in Turkey.

They look like sculptures, but no one made them. Really, the windy weather made them. These rocks are not very hard. The wind blows on them and very slowly changes them. When the weather changes Earth in this way, we call it erosion.

In the Colorado River in the USA, erosion began about 20 million years ago. The river moved over the rock and slowly broke it. Sun, cold weather, and wind broke the rock, too. All these things made the incredible deep valley called the Grand Canyon.

Wind, rain, sun, and snow - the weather is a part of Earth's story. Sun and wind make deserts. Glaciers move between mountains and make valleys. Rain falls on limestone and makes caves... This story began millions of years ago, and it is still going on. What an incredible story it is!

- THE END -


Incredible Earth Neuvěřitelná Země Incredible Earth

Earth's Crust Zemská kůra

Earth is round, like an orange. Země je kulatá, jako pomeranč. Oranges have a skin and Earth has a skin, too. Pomeranče mají slupku a Země má taky slupku. We call this skin Earth's crust. Tuto kůži nazýváme zemská kůra. Under the crust, there is very hot rock. Pod kůrou je velmi žhavá hornina.

Earth's crust has different pieces. Zemská kůra má různé části. These pieces move very, very slowly. Tyto kusy se pohybují velmi, velmi pomalu. Millions of years ago, the pieces moved and made mountains. Před miliony let se kusy pohnuly a vytvořily hory. Under mountains, the crust is thick, but under the ocean, it's thinner. Pod horami je kůra tlustá, ale pod oceánem je tenčí. When two pieces of the crust move and meet, there can be earthquakes. Když se dva kusy kůry pohnou a setkají, může dojít k zemětřesení.

A volcano is a hole in Earth's crust. Sopka je díra v zemské kůře. When a volcano erupts, hot rock flies out from under the ground, and melted rock pours out over the ground. Když sopka vybuchne, žhavá skála vyletí zpod země a roztavená skála se vylije nad zem. Volcanoes under the ocean sometimes make new islands. Sopky pod oceánem někdy vytvářejí nové ostrovy. In 1963, a volcano in the Atlantic Ocean made a new island called Surtsey. V roce 1963 vytvořila sopka v Atlantském oceánu nový ostrov s názvem Surtsey.

There are many different rocks in Earth's crust. V zemské kůře je mnoho různých hornin. They are millions of years old. Jsou miliony let staré. The rocks are often different colors. Skály mají často různé barvy. In the Painted Desert in Arizona in the USA, you can see the different rocks. V Painted Desert v Arizoně v USA můžete vidět různé skály.

CHAPTER TWO

Oceans

On Earth, there is more ocean than land. Na Zemi je více oceánů než pevniny. The Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean. Tichý oceán je největší oceán. It's bigger than Africa! Je větší než Afrika!

Did you know that there are mountains and valleys under the ocean? Věděli jste, že pod oceánem jsou hory a údolí? 海の下に山あり谷ありがあることをご存知ですか? Some of these mountains are bigger than the biggest mountains on land. Některé z těchto hor jsou větší než největší hory na zemi. これらの山のいくつかは、陸上で最大の山よりも大きいです。 In the deepest parts of the ocean, the water is 10 kilometers deep. V nejhlubších částech oceánu je voda hluboká 10 kilometrů. 海の最も深い部分では、水は10キロメートルの深さです。

The water in the ocean is always moving. Voda v oceánu se neustále pohybuje. Waves hit the land and break the rocks. Vlny narážejí na zemi a lámou skály. Sometimes, big pieces of rock fall into the ocean. Někdy do oceánu spadnou velké kusy skály. They leave big cliffs, like the beautiful Uluwatu Cliffs in Bali in Indonesia. Opouštějí velké útesy, jako jsou krásné útesy Uluwatu na Bali v Indonésii.

Where the ocean is warm, we sometimes find coral. Tam, kde je oceán teplý, občas najdeme korály. Coral is made of millions of very small animals that make hard covers around themselves. Korál se skládá z milionů velmi malých živočichů, kteří kolem sebe vytvářejí tvrdé kryty. サンゴは何百万もの非常に小さな動物でできており、自分の周りを固く覆っています。 When the animals die, the hard covers make the coral reef. Když zvířata zemřou, tvrdé pokrývky vytvoří korálový útes. 動物が死ぬと、ハードカバーがサンゴ礁を作ります。

The Great Barrier Reef near Australia is the biggest coral reef in the world. Velký bariérový útes u Austrálie je největším korálovým útesem na světě. オーストラリア近郊のグレートバリアリーフは、世界最大のサンゴ礁です。 It's 2,600 kilometers long. Sea turtles, dolphins, and many other amazing animals live there. Žijí tam mořské želvy, delfíni a mnoho dalších úžasných zvířat.

In some places, where the coral reef is very big, it comes out of the water. Na některých místech, kde je korálový útes velmi velký, vytéká z vody. サンゴ礁が非常に大きい場所では、水から出てきます。 It makes a small island. Tvoří malý ostrov.

CHAPTER THREE

Rivers and Waterfalls Řeky a vodopády

Rivers usually begin as streams in mountains. Řeky obvykle začínají jako potoky v horách. The water comes from rain or snow. Voda pochází z deště nebo sněhu. All rivers then go to the ocean. Všechny řeky pak jdou do oceánu.

Big rivers are very strong. Velké řeky jsou velmi silné. When the ground under a river is soft, the river makes valleys. Když je země pod řekou měkká, řeka vytváří údolí. 川の下の地面が柔らかいとき、川は谷を作ります。 When the ground under it is hard rock, there are waterfalls or rapids. Když je pod ním tvrdá skála, jsou tam vodopády nebo peřeje. その下の地面が硬い岩の場合、滝や急流があります。

One incredible waterfall is the Iguazu Falls between Argentina and Brazil. Jeden neuvěřitelný vodopád jsou vodopády Iguazu mezi Argentinou a Brazílií. Iguazu means 'big water' in an old language of South America. Iguazu znamená ve starém jazyce Jižní Ameriky „velká voda“.

There's more water in the River Amazon than in any other river in the world. V řece Amazon je více vody než v kterékoli jiné řece na světě. アマゾン川には、世界の他のどの川よりも多くの水があります。 It begins in the mountains in Peru and Ecuador. Začíná v horách v Peru a Ekvádoru. Then it goes through the rainforest in Brazil, and to the Atlantic Ocean. Pak jde přes deštný prales v Brazílii a do Atlantského oceánu.

There are no bridges on the Amazon. Na Amazonce nejsou žádné mosty. First, the river goes through rainforest and there are no roads. Za prvé, řeka prochází deštným pralesem a nejsou zde žádné silnice. Then, near the ocean, the river is very wide so people can't build bridges. Potom, v blízkosti oceánu, je řeka velmi široká, takže lidé nemohou stavět mosty. They cross the river by boat. Přeplouvají řeku lodí.

The Amazon is the home of one of the longest snakes, called anacondas. Amazonka je domovem jednoho z nejdelších hadů, nazývaných anakondy. アマゾンは、アナコンダと呼ばれる最も長いヘビの1つの家です。 Some grow to 9 meters long. Některé dorůstají délky až 9 metrů.

CHAPTER FOUR

Glaciers and Icebergs Ledovce a ledovce

The coldest places on Earth are in the highest mountains, and at the North and South Poles. Nejchladnější místa na Zemi jsou v nejvyšších horách a na severním a jižním pólu. Here, there are rivers made of ice. Tady jsou řeky z ledu. They are called glaciers. Říká se jim ledovce. Glaciers begin when snow falls. Ledovce začínají, když napadne sníh.

Mountain glaciers move very, very slowly down the mountain. Horské ledovce se z hory pohybují velmi, velmi pomalu. When the ice melts, the water goes into rivers. Když led taje, voda jde do řek. It can take thousands of years for the water from a glacier to get to the ocean. Může trvat tisíce let, než se voda z ledovce dostane do oceánu. 氷河からの水が海に到達するまでには数千年かかることがあります。

At the North and South Poles, where the glaciers are near the ocean, very big pieces of ice break off. Na severním a jižním pólu, kde jsou ledovce blízko oceánu, se odlamují velmi velké kusy ledu. 氷河が海の近くにある北極と南極では、非常に大きな氷が砕けます。 These are called icebergs. Říká se jim ledovce. Icebergs move slowly on the ocean. Ledovce se pomalu pohybují po oceánu.

Near the North Pole, Ilulissat is one of the most incredible places on Earth - and one of the coldest. Nedaleko severního pólu je Ilulissat jedním z nejneuvěřitelnějších míst na Zemi – a jedním z nejchladnějších. The glacier and icebergs here are very, very big. Ledovec a ledovce jsou zde velmi, velmi velké. The glacier is about 40 kilometers long and it moves slowly to the Arctic Ocean. Ledovec je dlouhý asi 40 kilometrů a pomalu se přesouvá do Severního ledového oceánu. It moves about 30 meters every day. Každý den se posune asi o 30 metrů.

Icebergs are dangerous for boats. Ledovce jsou pro lodě nebezpečné. Most of the ice is under the water, so people in boats can't see all the ice. Většina ledu je pod vodou, takže lidé na člunech celý led nevidí.

CHAPTER FIVE

Hot Water

Imagine you are in this park. Představte si, že jste v tomto parku. Suddenly, you hear a loud noise of water moving very fast. Najednou uslyšíte hlasitý zvuk vody pohybující se velmi rychle. Then hot water and steam pour out of the ground. Poté se ze země vylije horká voda a pára. 次に、お湯と蒸気が地面から注がれます。 You are looking at a geyser. Díváte se na gejzír.

What makes a geyser? Co dělá gejzír? When it rains or snows, the water goes into the ground. Když prší nebo sněží, voda jde do země. Deep under the ground, there is hot rock. Hluboko pod zemí je žhavá skála. 地下深くに、熱い岩があります。 If rainwater touches a lot of hot rock, it begins to boil. Pokud se dešťová voda dotkne hodně horkého kamene, začne se vařit. Then there's a lot of steam. Pak je hodně páry.

Suddenly, the water can't stay under the ground. Voda najednou nemůže zůstat pod zemí. It has to come out. Musí to vyjít. 出なければならない。 Geysers are very hot, so don't go near them! Gejzíry jsou velmi horké, takže se k nim nepřibližujte!

These white cliffs look like they are made of ice, but they are really made of rock. Tyto bílé útesy vypadají jako z ledu, ale ve skutečnosti jsou ze skály. Hot water came out of the ground and poured down the mountain. Horká voda vytékala ze země a stékala z hory. Then minerals in the water made these incredible cliffs. Potom minerály ve vodě vytvořily tyto neuvěřitelné útesy. They look like waterfalls, but they never move. Vypadají jako vodopády, ale nikdy se nepohnou. They are thousands of years old. Jsou staré tisíce let.

At the Jigokudani Monkey Park in Japan, hot water from under the ground makes pools. V parku Jigokudani Monkey Park v Japonsku vytváří horká voda z podzemí bazény. When the weather is cold, monkeys sit in the warm water. Když je chladné počasí, opice sedí v teplé vodě.

CHAPTER SIX

Mountains and Lakes

The biggest mountain chain in the world is the Himalayas in Asia. Největším pohořím na světě jsou Himaláje v Asii. 世界最大の山脈はアジアのヒマラヤ山脈です。 It began when two pieces of Earth's crust met and moved up. Začalo to, když se dva kusy zemské kůry setkaly a posunuly se nahoru. それは、地球の地殻の2つの部分が出会って上昇したときに始まりました。 They began to move about 50 million years ago - and they are moving now, very slowly. Začali se pohybovat asi před 50 miliony let - a pohybují se nyní, velmi pomalu.

The top of Mount Everest in the Himalayas is the highest place on Earth - it's about 9 kilometers above the ocean. Vrchol Mount Everestu v Himalájích je nejvyšším místem na Zemi – je asi 9 kilometrů nad oceánem. Everest is very big and it's getting bigger. Everest je velmi velký a stále větší. The top of Everest goes up about 5 millimeters every year, because Earth's crust is moving all the time. Vrchol Everestu stoupá každý rok asi o 5 milimetrů, protože zemská kůra se neustále pohybuje.

Near high mountains, there are often deep lakes. V blízkosti vysokých hor se často nacházejí hluboká jezera. The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Russia. Nejhlubší jezero na světě je jezero Bajkal v Rusku. It's more than 1,600 meters deep. Je hluboká více než 1600 metrů. Scientists are exploring the lake in small submarines. Vědci zkoumají jezero v malých ponorkách.

Lake Baikal began when pieces of Earth's crust moved and made a deep hole. Jezero Bajkal začalo, když se kusy zemské kůry pohnuly a vytvořily hlubokou díru. バイカル湖は、地球の地殻の破片が動いて深い穴を開けたときに始まりました。 Water from 330 rivers goes into Lake Baikal. Voda z 330 řek proudí do jezera Bajkal. There's more water here than in all the Great Lakes in North America! Je zde více vody než ve všech Velkých jezerech v Severní Americe!

CHAPTER SEVEN

Caves Jeskyně

Caves are incredible underground worlds. Jeskyně jsou neuvěřitelné podzemní světy. Many people are interested in them. Mnoho lidí se o ně zajímá.

What makes a cave? Co tvoří jeskyni? Near the coast, ocean waves hit cliffs and make holes. Poblíž pobřeží narážejí vlny oceánu na útesy a dělají díry. In the mountains, the moving ice in a glacier makes caves in the rock. V horách pohybující se led v ledovci vytváří jeskyně ve skále.

The most incredible caves are in soft rock called limestone. Nejneuvěřitelnější jeskyně jsou v měkké skále zvané vápenec. Rain falls on the limestone and makes holes. Déšť padá na vápenec a dělá díry. Slowly, the holes grow bigger and make caves. Pomalu se díry zvětšují a vytvářejí jeskyně. This takes thousands and thousands of years. To trvá tisíce a tisíce let. これには何千年もかかります。

The Sarawak Chamber in Borneo is the biggest cave in the world. Sarawak Chamber na Borneu je největší jeskyní na světě. It's longer than ten big planes! Je delší než deset velkých letadel!

Caves are usually very wet because water comes through the rock. Jeskyně jsou obvykle velmi vlhké, protože voda protéká skálou. Slowly, the raindrops mix with minerals and build incredible rock sculptures, called stalactites and stalagmites. Dešťové kapky se pomalu mísí s minerály a vytvářejí neuvěřitelné skalní sochy, nazývané stalaktity a stalagmity.

Thousands of years ago, people lived in caves. Před tisíci lety žili lidé v jeskyních. They didn't have books or paper, so they drew pictures on the cave walls. Neměli knihy ani papír, a tak kreslili obrázky na stěny jeskyně. People drew this picture in a cave in France, about 16,000 years ago. Lidé nakreslili tento obrázek v jeskyni ve Francii asi před 16 000 lety.

CHAPTER EIGHT

Earthquakes and Tsunamis Zemětřesení a tsunami

Usually, Earth's crust moves very slowly - only a few millimeters every year. Zemská kůra se obvykle pohybuje velmi pomalu – každý rok jen o několik milimetrů. Sometimes, two pieces of the crust move suddenly in different directions, and then there's an earthquake. Někdy se dva kusy kůry náhle pohnou různými směry a pak dojde k zemětřesení.

Earthquakes are dangerous because buildings sometimes fall down. Zemětřesení jsou nebezpečná, protože budovy někdy padají. When there's an earthquake, people in buildings go under a heavy table. Když je zemětřesení, lidé v budovách jdou pod těžký stůl. 地震が発生すると、建物の人々は重いテーブルの下に行きます。 Or they stand between two rooms. Nebo stojí mezi dvěma místnostmi. または、2つの部屋の間に立っています。 These are good ideas - they can help to keep people safe. To jsou dobré nápady – mohou pomoci udržet lidi v bezpečí.

There are earthquakes under the ocean, too. Pod oceánem jsou také zemětřesení. Usually, they are small and not dangerous. Obvykle jsou malé a nejsou nebezpečné. Sometimes an earthquake under the ocean makes a giant wave called a tsunami. Někdy zemětřesení pod oceánem vytvoří obrovskou vlnu zvanou tsunami. Tsunamis can be very dangerous. Tsunami mohou být velmi nebezpečné.

After a tsunami, there are often floods. Po tsunami jsou často záplavy. There's water everywhere. Všude je voda. Houses, cars, and trees are in the water. Domy, auta a stromy jsou ve vodě. The water isn't clean, so many people are sick. Voda není čistá, tolik lidí je nemocných. In 2004, there was a very big tsunami in the Indian Ocean. V roce 2004 došlo v Indickém oceánu k velké vlně tsunami. Many people died. Mnoho lidí zemřelo.

CHAPTER NINE

Deserts

A desert is a dry place, with almost no rain. Poušť je suché místo, téměř bez deště. About 20 percent (%) of the land on Earth is desert. Asi 20 procent (%) pevniny na Zemi tvoří poušť. What are deserts made of? Z čeho jsou pouště? Some deserts are made of sand, and many deserts are made of stones or rocks. Některé pouště jsou vyrobeny z písku a mnoho pouští je vyrobeno z kamenů nebo skal. Deserts are usually hot, but not always. Pouště jsou obvykle horké, ale ne vždy. Antarctica is a cold desert. Antarktida je studená poušť. It doesn't rain often there, but there's lots of ice. Neprší tam často, ale je tam hodně ledu.

The Sahara Desert in Africa is the biggest hot desert on Earth. Sahara v Africe je největší horká poušť na Zemi. It's bigger than Australia! Je větší než Austrálie! The animals in the desert can live there because they don't drink very often. Zvířata v poušti tam mohou žít, protože moc často nepijí.

Camels can live for a week with no water. Velbloudi mohou žít týden bez vody.

In Bolivia in South America, there's a desert made of salt. V Bolívii v Jižní Americe je poušť ze soli. It's called the Salar de Uyuni. Jmenuje se Salar de Uyuni. About 40,000 years ago, it was a saltwater lake, but now the ground is hard and dry most of the time. Asi před 40 000 lety to bylo jezero se slanou vodou, ale nyní je země většinu času tvrdá a suchá. 約4万年前は塩湖でしたが、今ではほとんどの場合、地面は固くて乾燥しています。 Sometimes the ground looks like a big mirror. Někdy země vypadá jako velké zrcadlo.

Many people visit the Salar de Uyuni because it's an incredible place. Mnoho lidí navštěvuje Salar de Uyuni, protože je to neuvěřitelné místo. There's even a hotel made of salt! Je tu dokonce hotel ze soli!

CHAPTER TEN

Erosion Eroze

Where are these rocks? Kde jsou tyto kameny? Are they on the moon? Jsou na Měsíci? No, they are in Cappadocia in Turkey. Ne, jsou v Kappadokii v Turecku.

They look like sculptures, but no one made them. Vypadají jako sochy, ale nikdo je nevyrobil. Really, the windy weather made them. Opravdu, větrné počasí je přimělo. These rocks are not very hard. Tyto kameny nejsou příliš tvrdé. The wind blows on them and very slowly changes them. Vítr na ně fouká a velmi pomalu je mění. When the weather changes Earth in this way, we call it erosion. Když počasí změní Zemi tímto způsobem, nazýváme to erozí.

In the Colorado River in the USA, erosion began about 20 million years ago. The river moved over the rock and slowly broke it. Řeka se přesunula přes skálu a pomalu ji prolomila. Sun, cold weather, and wind broke the rock, too. Slunce, chladné počasí a vítr také zlomily skálu. All these things made the incredible deep valley called the Grand Canyon. Všechny tyto věci vytvořily neuvěřitelné hluboké údolí zvané Grand Canyon.

Wind, rain, sun, and snow - the weather is a part of Earth's story. Vítr, déšť, slunce a sníh – počasí je součástí příběhu Země. Sun and wind make deserts. Slunce a vítr vytvářejí pouště. Glaciers move between mountains and make valleys. Ledovce se pohybují mezi horami a vytvářejí údolí. Rain falls on limestone and makes caves... This story began millions of years ago, and it is still going on. Déšť padá na vápenec a vytváří jeskyně... Tento příběh začal před miliony let a stále pokračuje. What an incredible story it is! Jaký je to neuvěřitelný příběh!

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