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E-Books (english-e-reader), Animals at Night

Animals at Night

Life at Night

When the sun goes down, it gets dark and the air gets a lot colder. For many people, it's time to go to sleep, but a lot of animals only come out at night. They are called nocturnal animals.

The opossum is a nocturnal animal. At night, it looks for plants and small animals to eat. In the day, it hides and goes to sleep.

The armadillo is a nocturnal animal, and it sleeps for more than 17 hours in the day!

Nocturnal animals aren't the only animals that come out at night. Some animals, like the tiger, come out in the day and at night. Other animals, like the rabbit, only come out in the morning when it's getting light, and in the evening when it's getting dark.

Some animals come out at night because there are not so many predators - animals that want to hunt and eat them. Some animals find more food because they eat other animals that come out at night. In very hot places, it's sometimes too hot to come out in the day.

CHAPTER TWO

Special Senses

Many animals that come out at night have special senses. This means that they can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste very well. These special senses help them to find food and to stay safe in the dark.

Wild dogs, like foxes, usually hunt in the dark. They have a big nose, and an amazing sense of smell that helps them to find food. A fox can smell mice through up to 12 centimeters of snow! Foxes also have very big ears that they can move, so they can hear very well all around them.

Raccoons are nocturnal animals that have long fingers and a very good sense of touch. When they are hunting for food in water, they use their fingers to find fish and frogs.

Many nocturnal animals can see much better than people in the dark.

They have very big eyes that let in lots of light.

A tarsier's eye is bigger than its brain! It can see very well in the dark.

CHAPTER THREE

Flying at Night

In the day, owls stay in trees or buildings, but at night they hunt for food. Owls can see very well in the dark, and they also have an amazing sense of hearing. They listen for little noises from their prey - rabbits, mice, and other small animals that they like to eat. Then they fly down and catch them in their sharp claws.

Many owls have soft feathers on their wings, so they can fly very quietly. Their prey don't know that they are coming!

Most types of bat are nocturnal. At night they look for fruit and flowers, or they hunt for insects, fish, and mice. Bats can see and smell very well, and many bats have a special sense called echolocation. This helps them to find food in the dark. Bats make special noises when they fly. The noises bounce off things and come back as echoes. These echoes tell bats where things are and how big they are.

In the day, bats hang upside down and stay in caves, trees, and buildings.

Bats are the only mammals that can fly!

CHAPTER FOUR

Ocean Animals

Some fish live near the top of the ocean in the day and then they swim down to the deep ocean at night. Other fish swim up to the top of the ocean at night, and they look for plankton - very small animals that swim up to the top of the ocean every evening to find food.

Plankton are food for fish like the lantern fish. The lantern fish stays down in the deep ocean in the day, but when the sun goes down it swims to the top of the ocean. It feeds near the top of the ocean at night, and then swims back down before morning.

The Lantern fish has lights on it's body when it swims.

The white tip reef shark also comes out at night. It stays in caves down in the deep ocean in the day, and doesn't move very much. Then at night, it comes out to hunt for fish and octopuses.

CHAPTER FIVE

Minibeasts

Many minibeasts, like moths and spiders, come out at night. Minibeasts come out at night because there are not so many predators that hunt and eat them. Slugs and snails look for food at night because the sun can dry them out in the day.

Moths are insects. They have a body that's good for living at night. They have special antennae on their head. These help them to look for food and to find their way in the dark. Moths also have patterns on their wings that help them to hide in trees in the day.

Tarantulas are spiders. They hunt for their prey at night. Special hairs on their body help them to feel when another animal is near. They hide, and then they jump on their prey, and put poison in its body.

Nocturnal fireflies make lights in their body that turn on and off at night. They use these lights to communicate.

CHAPTER SIX

Desert Animals

In many deserts, it's very hot in the day, so many animals only come out at night. The fennec fox lives in the Sahara Desert in Africa. It stays in a burrow in the sand in the day, and at night it hunts for mice, lizards, and insects. It's the smallest fox in the world, but it has very big ears, so it can easily hear its prey in the dark.

Kangaroo rats need to drink! They get water from the seeds that they eat.

Kangaroo rats live in deserts in North America. At night, they jump around and find seeds. They keep seeds in their mouth, and then they put them in their burrow.

Desert scorpions stay out of the sun in the day. At night, they come out to feed on minibeasts. Scorpions can't see well, but they have special hairs on their legs so that they can feel when prey is near. They kill their prey with a sting from their tail.

CHAPTER SEVEN

African Animals

There are many nocturnal animals in Africa. Many big cats, like leopards, hunt for food at night. It's usually easier to catch prey when it's dark, and when it's cooler, too.

Big cats see very well, and they have a very good sense of hearing and smell, so they are good night hunters. Their eyes have a special part called the tapetum. The tapetum reflects light so that the cats can see in the dark. It can make their eyes glow.

Aardvarks can't see very well, but they have a big nose and big ears that they use to find ant nests at night. They dig up the nests and catch the ants on their sticky tongue.

An aardvark can eat 50,000 insects in one night!

Hippos come out at night to eat grass. In the day, they stay in water because their skin needs to be wet and cool.

Bushbabies hunt for food at night. They use their big eyes to look in trees for insects, flowers, seeds, and eggs.

CHAPTER EIGHT

Animals Asleep

At night, when many animals are looking for food, others are asleep, just like you! In the evening, baboons climb up cliffs or into the tops of trees, and they sleep for about ten hours every night. In these high places, they know that they are safe from predators

Flamingoes sleep at night, standing on one leg! They have special ankles that keep their legs straight so that they don't fall down.

Walruses live in the Arctic. It's light all night in the summer there. Walruses sleep on land, on ice, or in water. They can sleep for up to 19 hours. Walruses have special pouches on their body. When they sleep in water, they put lots of air in the pouches, to keep their head above the water.

Walruses sometimes put their tusks over big pieces of ice so that they don't move away when they are asleep.

CHAPTER NINE

Noises at Night

It's hard to see at night, so animals often use noises to communicate. Owls call to each other, and lions roar if predators come near their babies. When deer are in danger, they try to communicate with other deer. They make noises in their nose, and they hit the ground with their feet.

Most birds do not sing at night, but the male nightingale sings a beautiful song when it's looking for a female. Some insects make a lot of noise at night, too. The grasshopper makes noises with its wings and legs.

The Tasmanian devil is a small animal that comes out to hunt for food in the dark. When it's scared or it thinks that another animal is going to take its food, it makes terrible noises.

When howler monkeys call to each other at night, you can hear them from about 5 kilometers away!

CHAPTER TEN

Traveling at Night

Every year, many types of bird migrate - they move from one place to another to live. These birds usually only come out in the day, but when they migrate, they travel at night. This is because they are safer from predators, and they can fly for longer because it's cooler. Also, they feed in the day, and then they have lots of energy to fly at night when they are full of food.

Green turtles are not usually nocturnal, but they travel at night when they are ready to lay their eggs. They swim to a beach and come out of the ocean. They wait until night when it's cooler. Then they move up the beach and lay their eggs in the sand.

When the baby turtles come out of the eggs, they dig their way out of the sand and they go to the ocean. The baby turtles do this at night when it's cooler, and when there are not so many predators.

There's a lot happening at night! All around the world, millions of animals are moving around, hunting for food, and traveling from one place to another.

- THE END -


Animals at Night

Life at Night

When the sun goes down, it gets dark and the air gets a lot colder. 太陽が沈むと、暗くなり、空気は非常に寒くなります。 For many people, it's time to go to sleep, but a lot of animals only come out at night. 多くの人にとっては寝る時間ですが、多くの動物は夜しか出てきません。 They are called nocturnal animals. 彼らは夜行性の動物と呼ばれています。

The opossum is a nocturnal animal. La zarigüeya es un animal nocturno. At night, it looks for plants and small animals to eat. Por la noche busca plantas y pequeños animales para comer. 夜は植物や小動物を探して食べます。 In the day, it hides and goes to sleep. En el día, se esconde y se va a dormir. 日中は隠れて眠ります。

The armadillo is a nocturnal animal, and it sleeps for more than 17 hours in the day!

Nocturnal animals aren't the only animals that come out at night. Los animales nocturnos no son los únicos animales que salen de noche. 夜に出てくる動物は夜行性の動物だけではありません。 Some animals, like the tiger, come out in the day and at night. Algunos animales, como el tigre, salen de día y de noche. トラのような一部の動物は、昼と夜に出てきます。 Other animals, like the rabbit, only come out in the morning when it's getting light, and in the evening when it's getting dark. Otros animales, como el conejo, solo salen por la mañana cuando amanece y por la tarde cuando oscurece. ウサギのような他の動物は、朝の明るくなったときと、夕方の暗くなったときにしか出てきません.

Some animals come out at night because there are not so many predators - animals that want to hunt and eat them. Algunos animales salen de noche porque no hay tantos depredadores, animales que quieren cazarlos y comérselos. 捕食者がそれほど多くないため、夜に出てくる動物もいます-狩りをして食べたい動物. Some animals find more food because they eat other animals that come out at night. Algunos animales encuentran más comida porque se comen a otros animales que salen de noche. 一部の動物は、夜に出てくる他の動物を食べるため、より多くの食べ物を見つけます。 In very hot places, it's sometimes too hot to come out in the day. En lugares muy calurosos, a veces hace demasiado calor para salir durante el día. 非常に暑い場所では、日中は暑すぎて外に出られないこともあります。

CHAPTER TWO

Special Senses

Many animals that come out at night have special senses. Muchos animales que salen de noche tienen sentidos especiales. This means that they can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste very well. These special senses help them to find food and to stay safe in the dark.

Wild dogs, like foxes, usually hunt in the dark. Los perros salvajes, como los zorros, suelen cazar en la oscuridad. They have a big nose, and an amazing sense of smell that helps them to find food. Tienen una nariz grande y un increíble sentido del olfato que les ayuda a encontrar comida. A fox can smell mice through up to 12 centimeters of snow! ¡Un zorro puede oler ratones a través de hasta 12 centímetros de nieve! キツネは最大12センチの雪の中からネズミの匂いを嗅ぐことができます! Foxes also have very big ears that they can move, so they can hear very well all around them. Los zorros también tienen orejas muy grandes que pueden mover, por lo que pueden escuchar muy bien a su alrededor. キツネはまた、動くことができる非常に大きな耳を持っているので、彼らは彼らの周りのすべてを非常によく聞くことができます。

Raccoons are nocturnal animals that have long fingers and a very good sense of touch. Los mapaches son animales nocturnos que tienen dedos largos y un muy buen sentido del tacto. アライグマは夜行性の動物で、指が長く、触覚が非常に優れています。 When they are hunting for food in water, they use their fingers to find fish and frogs. Cuando están buscando comida en el agua, usan sus dedos para encontrar peces y ranas.

Many nocturnal animals can see much better than people in the dark. Muchos animales nocturnos pueden ver mucho mejor que las personas en la oscuridad. 多くの夜行性動物は、暗闇の中で人間よりもはるかによく見ることができます.

They have very big eyes that let in lots of light. Tienen ojos muy grandes que dejan entrar mucha luz. 彼らはたくさんの光を取り入れる非常に大きな目を持っています。

A tarsier's eye is bigger than its brain! ¡El ojo de un tarsero es más grande que su cerebro! It can see very well in the dark.

CHAPTER THREE

Flying at Night フライング・アット・ナイト

In the day, owls stay in trees or buildings, but at night they hunt for food. Durante el día, los búhos se quedan en árboles o edificios, pero por la noche buscan comida. Owls can see very well in the dark, and they also have an amazing sense of hearing. Los búhos pueden ver muy bien en la oscuridad y también tienen un increíble sentido del oído. They listen for little noises from their prey - rabbits, mice, and other small animals that they like to eat. Then they fly down and catch them in their sharp claws.

Many owls have soft feathers on their wings, so they can fly very quietly. Muchos búhos tienen plumas suaves en las alas, por lo que pueden volar muy tranquilamente. Their prey don't know that they are coming! ¡Sus presas no saben que vienen!

Most types of bat are nocturnal. La mayoría de los tipos de murciélagos son nocturnos. At night they look for fruit and flowers, or they hunt for insects, fish, and mice. Bats can see and smell very well, and many bats have a special sense called echolocation. Los murciélagos pueden ver y oler muy bien, y muchos murciélagos tienen un sentido especial llamado ecolocalización. コウモリは視覚と嗅覚が非常に優れており、多くのコウモリはエコーロケーションと呼ばれる特別な感覚を持っています。 This helps them to find food in the dark. Esto les ayuda a encontrar comida en la oscuridad. Bats make special noises when they fly. Los murciélagos hacen ruidos especiales cuando vuelan. The noises bounce off things and come back as echoes. Los ruidos rebotan en las cosas y regresan como ecos. ノイズは物に跳ね返り、エコーとして戻ってきます。 These echoes tell bats where things are and how big they are. Estos ecos les dicen a los murciélagos dónde están las cosas y qué tan grandes son. これらのエコーは、コウモリに物がどこにあり、どれくらいの大きさかを伝えます。

In the day, bats hang upside down and stay in caves, trees, and buildings. Durante el día, los murciélagos se cuelgan boca abajo y se quedan en cuevas, árboles y edificios. 日中、コウモリは逆さまにぶら下がって、洞窟、木、建物にとどまります。

Bats are the only mammals that can fly! ¡Los murciélagos son los únicos mamíferos que pueden volar! 空を飛べる哺乳類はコウモリだけ!

CHAPTER FOUR

Ocean Animals

Some fish live near the top of the ocean in the day and then they swim down to the deep ocean at night. Algunos peces viven cerca de la parte superior del océano durante el día y luego nadan hacia las profundidades del océano durante la noche. 魚の中には、日中は海の頂上近くに住んでいて、夜になると深海へと泳いでいく魚もいます。 Other fish swim up to the top of the ocean at night, and they look for plankton - very small animals that swim up to the top of the ocean every evening to find food. Otros peces nadan hasta la superficie del océano por la noche y buscan plancton, animales muy pequeños que nadan hasta la superficie del océano todas las noches para encontrar comida. 他の魚は夜に海の上まで泳ぎ、プランクトンを探します。プランクトンは、毎晩海の上まで泳いで餌を探す非常に小さな動物です。

Plankton are food for fish like the lantern fish. El plancton es alimento para peces como el pez linterna. プランクトンはランタンフィッシュなどの魚の餌です。 The lantern fish stays down in the deep ocean in the day, but when the sun goes down it swims to the top of the ocean. It feeds near the top of the ocean at night, and then swims back down before morning. Se alimenta cerca de la parte superior del océano por la noche y luego nada hacia abajo antes de la mañana. 夜は海の頂上近くで餌をやり、朝になる前に泳いで戻ります。

The Lantern fish has lights on it's body when it swims. El pez linterna tiene luces en su cuerpo cuando nada. ランタンフィッシュは、泳ぐときに体にライトがついています。

The white tip reef shark also comes out at night. El tiburón punta blanca de arrecife también sale de noche. 夜にはホオジロザメも出てきます。 It stays in caves down in the deep ocean in the day, and doesn't move very much. Permanece en cuevas en las profundidades del océano durante el día y no se mueve mucho. Then at night, it comes out to hunt for fish and octopuses. Luego, por la noche, sale a cazar peces y pulpos.

CHAPTER FIVE

Minibeasts minibestias

Many minibeasts, like moths and spiders, come out at night. Muchas minibestias, como polillas y arañas, salen de noche. 蛾や蜘蛛のような多くのミニビーストが夜に出てきます。 Minibeasts come out at night because there are not so many predators that hunt and eat them. Las minibestias salen de noche porque no hay tantos depredadores que las cacen y se las coman. Slugs and snails look for food at night because the sun can dry them out in the day. Las babosas y los caracoles buscan comida por la noche porque el sol puede secarlos durante el día.

Moths are insects. Las polillas son insectos. 蛾は昆虫です。 They have a body that's good for living at night. Tienen un cuerpo que es bueno para vivir de noche. They have special antennae on their head. These help them to look for food and to find their way in the dark. Estos les ayudan a buscar comida y a orientarse en la oscuridad. Moths also have patterns on their wings that help them to hide in trees in the day. Las polillas también tienen patrones en sus alas que les ayudan a esconderse en los árboles durante el día.

Tarantulas are spiders. They hunt for their prey at night. Cazan a sus presas por la noche. Special hairs on their body help them to feel when another animal is near. Los pelos especiales en su cuerpo les ayudan a sentir cuando otro animal está cerca. They hide, and then they jump on their prey, and put poison in its body. Se esconden y luego saltan sobre su presa y le ponen veneno en el cuerpo.

Nocturnal fireflies make lights in their body that turn on and off at night. Las luciérnagas nocturnas hacen luces en su cuerpo que se encienden y apagan durante la noche. They use these lights to communicate.

CHAPTER SIX

Desert Animals

In many deserts, it's very hot in the day, so many animals only come out at night. En muchos desiertos hace mucho calor durante el día, por lo que muchos animales solo salen de noche. The fennec fox lives in the Sahara Desert in Africa. El zorro fénec vive en el desierto del Sahara en África. It stays in a burrow in the sand in the day, and at night it hunts for mice, lizards, and insects. Se queda en una madriguera en la arena durante el día y por la noche caza ratones, lagartijas e insectos. It's the smallest fox in the world, but it has very big ears, so it can easily hear its prey in the dark. Es el zorro más pequeño del mundo, pero tiene unas orejas muy grandes, por lo que puede oír fácilmente a su presa en la oscuridad.

Kangaroo rats need to drink! カンガルーネズミは飲む必要があります! They get water from the seeds that they eat. 彼らは食べる種子から水を得ます。

Kangaroo rats live in deserts in North America. At night, they jump around and find seeds. They keep seeds in their mouth, and then they put them in their burrow.

Desert scorpions stay out of the sun in the day. 砂漠のサソリは、日中は太陽を避けます。 At night, they come out to feed on minibeasts. 夜になると、ミニビーストを食べに出てきます。 Scorpions can't see well, but they have special hairs on their legs so that they can feel when prey is near. サソリは目がよく見えませんが、獲物が近くにいることを感知できるように足に特殊な毛が生えています。 They kill their prey with a sting from their tail. 尻尾の針で獲物を仕留めます。

CHAPTER SEVEN

African Animals

There are many nocturnal animals in Africa. Many big cats, like leopards, hunt for food at night. It's usually easier to catch prey when it's dark, and when it's cooler, too. 通常、暗いときや涼しいときに獲物を捕まえやすくなります。

Big cats see very well, and they have a very good sense of hearing and smell, so they are good night hunters. 大きな猫は非常によく見え、聴覚と嗅覚が非常に優れているため、おやすみハンターです。 Their eyes have a special part called the tapetum. 彼らの目には、タペタムと呼ばれる特別な部分があります。 The tapetum reflects light so that the cats can see in the dark. 猫が暗闇の中で見ることができるように、タペタムは光を反射します。 It can make their eyes glow. 彼らの目を輝かせることができます。

Aardvarks can't see very well, but they have a big nose and big ears that they use to find ant nests at night. They dig up the nests and catch the ants on their sticky tongue. 彼らは巣を掘り起こし、粘着性のある舌でアリを捕まえます。

An aardvark can eat 50,000 insects in one night!

Hippos come out at night to eat grass. In the day, they stay in water because their skin needs to be wet and cool.

Bushbabies hunt for food at night. They use their big eyes to look in trees for insects, flowers, seeds, and eggs.

CHAPTER EIGHT

Animals Asleep

At night, when many animals are looking for food, others are asleep, just like you! In the evening, baboons climb up cliffs or into the tops of trees, and they sleep for about ten hours every night. ヒヒは夕方、崖や木のてっぺんに登り、毎晩約10時間眠ります。 In these high places, they know that they are safe from predators

Flamingoes sleep at night, standing on one leg! They have special ankles that keep their legs straight so that they don't fall down.

Walruses live in the Arctic. セイウチは北極に住んでいます。 It's light all night in the summer there. 夏は一晩中明るいです。 Walruses sleep on land, on ice, or in water. セイウチは、陸上、氷上、水中で眠ります。 They can sleep for up to 19 hours. 彼らは最大19時間眠ることができます。 Walruses have special pouches on their body. セイウチの体には特別な袋があります。 When they sleep in water, they put lots of air in the pouches, to keep their head above the water. 水中で寝るときは、袋に空気をたくさん入れて、頭を水面から浮かせます。

Walruses sometimes put their tusks over big pieces of ice so that they don't move away when they are asleep. セイウチは、眠っているときに動かないように、大きな氷の上に牙を置くことがあります。

CHAPTER NINE

Noises at Night

It's hard to see at night, so animals often use noises to communicate. 夜は見えにくいので、動物は音を使ってコミュニケーションをとることがよくあります。 Owls call to each other, and lions roar if predators come near their babies. When deer are in danger, they try to communicate with other deer. シカは危険にさらされると、他のシカとコミュニケーションを取ろうとします。 They make noises in their nose, and they hit the ground with their feet. 彼らは鼻で音を立て、足で地面を叩きます。

Most birds do not sing at night, but the male nightingale sings a beautiful song when it's looking for a female. Some insects make a lot of noise at night, too. The grasshopper makes noises with its wings and legs.

The Tasmanian devil is a small animal that comes out to hunt for food in the dark. When it's scared or it thinks that another animal is going to take its food, it makes terrible noises. 怖がったり、他の動物がエサを食べようとしていると思ったりすると、ひどい音を立てます。

When howler monkeys call to each other at night, you can hear them from about 5 kilometers away! 夜のホエザルの鳴き声は、約5キロ離れたところから聞こえてきます!

CHAPTER TEN

Traveling at Night

Every year, many types of bird migrate - they move from one place to another to live. 毎年、多くの種類の鳥が移動します。彼らは、ある場所から別の場所に移動して生活します。 These birds usually only come out in the day, but when they migrate, they travel at night. This is because they are safer from predators, and they can fly for longer because it's cooler. これは、彼らが捕食者からより安全であり、より涼しいのでより長く飛ぶことができるためです. Also, they feed in the day, and then they have lots of energy to fly at night when they are full of food. また、彼らは日中に餌を食べ、夜に餌がいっぱいになると飛ぶためのエネルギーがたくさんあります.

Green turtles are not usually nocturnal, but they travel at night when they are ready to lay their eggs. 通常、アオウミガメは夜行性ではありませんが、産卵の準備が整った夜に移動します。 They swim to a beach and come out of the ocean. They wait until night when it's cooler. Then they move up the beach and lay their eggs in the sand.

When the baby turtles come out of the eggs, they dig their way out of the sand and they go to the ocean. 赤ちゃんカメが卵から出てくると、砂から掘り出して海に行きます。 The baby turtles do this at night when it's cooler, and when there are not so many predators.

There's a lot happening at night! All around the world, millions of animals are moving around, hunting for food, and traveling from one place to another.

- THE END -