Articles

Articles - Αρθρα

The Greek language has both definite and indefinite articles (‘arthra). The indefinite has no plural and is used when we don’t know exactly what we’re talking about or don’t wish to be specific. For all other instances, the definite article is used.

Definite articleIndefinite Article
ΕνικόςΠληθυντικόςΕνικός
CaseMasculine, feminine, neuter.
NominativeΟ, η, το.Οι, οι, τα.Ένας, μια, ένα.
GenitiveΤου, της, του.Των.Ενός, μίας/μιάς, ενός.
AccusativeΤο(ν), τη(ν), τοΤους, τις, τα.ένα(ν), μία/μια, ένα.

No articles are used when we’re talking about abstract or uncountable
The “ν” is in brackets because it is used only when the following word begins with a vowel or one of the following consonants κ, π, τ, ξ, ψ, μπ, ντ, γκ, τσ and τζ. In all other cases, the “ν” is omitted.

Παραδείγματα:

Ο Ορφέας είναι μουσικός (Orpheus is a musician).
‘Ενας μουσικός έπαιζε στο μπαρ (One musician was playing at the bar).

Note that the English language doesn’t require an article before a proper name but Greek does.