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4000 Essential English Words 1 (2nd edition), Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa

Kwanzaa is a seven-day holiday celebrated in the United States and other countries by people of African descent. It is celebrated from December 26 to January 1 each year. The celebration is dedicated to honoring African culture and working together as a community.

Kwanzaa was created in 1966 by Mualana Kareng. Kareng was an African studies professor at California State University. According to him, Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili language and means "first fruit." Kareng wanted to create a holiday for African-Americans as a way for them to reconnect with their heritage.

The colors of Kwanzaa are black, red, and green. These colors are seen in decorations such as African pieces of art, baskets, and cloth. Millions of African-Americans wear African clothes during Kwanzaa and decorate their homes with fruit and vegetables.

Each day, a family will celebrate one of seven different principles of their African heritage, such as unity, faith, and community. Then, they light a candle. The candles are put on a candleholder called a "Kinara." The middle candle is black, the three candles on one side of the Kinara are red, and the other three candles are green.

On the sixth day of Kwanzaa, families remember their ancestors and get together for a big dinner called a "Kara mu." Traditional African-American dishes, which include chicken, fish, rice, beans, peas, sweet potatoes, and other vegetables are served.

Like Christmas, there are gifts which are exchanged on the seventh day. Books are always included because they symbolize the importance of learning about history and tradition.

Kwanzaa is a way of celebrating the end of the year by honoring African culture and traditions and to start the new year with family members as well as the community.


Kwanzaa クワンザ

Kwanzaa is a seven-day holiday celebrated in the United States and other countries by people of African descent. It is celebrated from December 26 to January 1 each year. 毎年12月26日から1月1日まで祝われます。 The celebration is dedicated to honoring African culture and working together as a community. この祝賀会は、アフリカの文化を尊重し、コミュニティとして協力することに捧げられています。

Kwanzaa was created in 1966 by Mualana Kareng. クワンザは1966年にMualanaKarengによって作成されました。 Kareng was an African studies professor at California State University. According to him, Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili language and means "first fruit." 彼によると、クワンザはスワヒリ語から来ており、「最初の果物」を意味します。 Kareng wanted to create a holiday for African-Americans as a way for them to reconnect with their heritage. カレンは、アフリカ系アメリカ人が自分たちの遺産と再びつながる方法として、アフリカ系アメリカ人のための休日を作りたかったのです。

The colors of Kwanzaa are black, red, and green. クワンザの色は黒、赤、緑です。 These colors are seen in decorations such as African pieces of art, baskets, and cloth. これらの色は、アフリカの芸術作品、バスケット、布などの装飾に見られます。 Millions of African-Americans wear African clothes during Kwanzaa and decorate their homes with fruit and vegetables.

Each day, a family will celebrate one of seven different principles of their African heritage, such as unity, faith, and community. 家族は毎日、団結、信仰、共同体など、アフリカの遺産の7つの異なる原則の1つを祝います。 Then, they light a candle. 次に、彼らはろうそくを灯します。 The candles are put on a candleholder called a "Kinara." キャンドルは「キナラ」と呼ばれるキャンドルホルダーに置かれます。 The middle candle is black, the three candles on one side of the Kinara are red, and the other three candles are green.

On the sixth day of Kwanzaa, families remember their ancestors and get together for a big dinner called a "Kara mu." クワンザの6日目に、家族は祖先を思い出し、「カラム」と呼ばれる大きな夕食に集まります。 Traditional African-American dishes, which include chicken, fish, rice, beans, peas, sweet potatoes, and other vegetables are served.

Like Christmas, there are gifts which are exchanged on the seventh day. クリスマスのように、7日目に交換されるギフトがあります。 Books are always included because they symbolize the importance of learning about history and tradition. 本は歴史と伝統について学ぶことの重要性を象徴しているので、常に含まれています。

Kwanzaa is a way of celebrating the end of the year by honoring African culture and traditions and to start the new year with family members as well as the community. クワンザは、アフリカの文化と伝統を尊重し、家族や地域社会と一緒に新年を迎えることで、年末を祝う方法です。