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Happiness, 6.20 (G) Final exam (Part 1)

Final exam (Part 1) TOTAL POINTS 20 1. Question 1 In the “wallet drop study” (conducted by the Toronto Star) what was the main measure of interest?

The missing credit cards

Whether the wallet was returned

How expensive stolen wallets are

Amount of money that was taken

1 point 2. Question 2 In the “trust game” study conducted by the Swiss researchers, which of the following proportion of participants is closest to the number who returned the money if they were trusted with the $10?

66%

44%

10%

95%

1 point 3. Question 3 One of the main reasons why it is difficult to proactively trust others is because:

We are hardwired to distrust others, particularly strangers

There is little to be gained from proactively trusting others

There are lots of hidden costs of being proactively trusting

People are less trustworthy than we perceive them to be

1 point 4. Question 4 Which of the following is NOT a hidden benefit of being proactively trusting of others?

Building a community of trustworthy relationships

Feeling good when one's trust is reciprocated

Contributing to society's upliftment

All of the above are hidden benefits of being proactively trusting

1 point 5. Question 5 Which of the following was NOT discussed as a strategy for mitigating the psychological pain of being cheated?

Forgiveness

Holding those who cheat accountable for their action

Reminding oneself that trust begets trustworthiness

Recognizing that if those who are materially well off aren't willing to do their bit to enhance trust levels in society, then we can't really expect those who are worse off to play that role

1 point 6. Question 6 William Blake's quote “Joy and woe are woven fine” best captures which of the following “facts” about life:

It's difficult to control life's outcomes

Those of a spiritual bent are happier than those who aren't

It's difficult to categorize outcomes as unambiguously “good” or “bad”

Happy people, in general, tend to do better in life than their less-happy counterparts

1 point 7. Question 7 The “need to be busy” studies, along with studies on flow indicate that:

We don't need to rely on outcomes for our happiness

Both outcomes and processes are important determinants of happiness

Outcomes are a much more significant determinant of happiness than are processes

It's best not to rely on either outcomes or processes for happiness

1 point 8. Question 8 The dispassionate pursuit of passion is difficult because:

Being dispassionate about something means having no curiosity or interest in life

It's difficult to have no desires

It's difficult to change one's mind about outcomes before they occur versus after (due to the need for consistency)

d. All of the above

1 point 9. Question 9 Which of the following was NOT discussed as a strategy for instilling the dispassionate pursuit of passion?

Reminiscing about past negative events and recognizing that, if we could change our minds about them, there's a good chance we'll change our minds about current negative events

“Three good things with a twist”

Gratitude

Self-compassion

1 point 10. Question 10 Based on the placebo effects findings, one could conclude that the following belief is the most scientifically valid:

Life is benign

Life is malign

Life is indifferent

None of the above beliefs about life is any more scientifically valid than the other

1 point 11. Question 11 Which of the following was NOT a finding that emerged from Matt Killingworth's (and his colleague's) studies on mindfulness?

People's minds wander a LOT—roughly 50% of the time

The best way to not let the mind wander is to distance oneself from one's “GATEs” (Goals, Actions/Action tendencies, Thoughts, and Emotions)

Incredibly, even if experiencing something negative, people are happier (or less unhappy) when their minds don't wander than when they do

People's minds wander least when they are having sex

1 point 12. Question 12 Which of these is NOT likely to be a consequence of practising mindfulness?

The pace at which one's mind lurches from one element of the GATE to the other slows down

One becomes more “present oriented”

Attentional blink increases

All of the above

1 point 13. Question 13 The practice of mindfulness results in cortical:

Thickening

Emancipation

Weakening

Broadening

1 point 14. Question 14 According to Prof. Shauna Shapiro, one of the most “hopeful” and “optimistic” themes that emerge from the studies on mindfulness is that the practice can:

Help overcome the happiness “set point”

Help overcome relationship stress

Reverse aging

Help get rid of the “cobwebs” in one's brain

1 point 15. Question 15 According to the discussions in the video lectures, which of these was explicitly mentioned as a misconception about mindfulness that prevents people from taking up the practice?

That it will lead to not experiencing moments of pure joy and exhilaration

That it will lead one to become soft and weak

That it will kill creativity

That it will make one overly scientific and analytical

1 point 16. Question 16 According to Prof. Richie Davidson, the goal in mindfulness is to:

Think only kind and compassionate thoughts

Change one's relationship with thoughts

Completely stop thinking

Treat thoughts as a type of feeling

1 point 17. Question 17 According to Prof. Richie Davidson, one of the best ways to overcome the frustration from practising mindfulness is to:

Focus only on the positive consequences of mindfulness and ignore the negative ones

Start with very short—1 to 2 minute—daily practice

Start chanting a favorite “mantra” whenever you feel bored

Concentrate on the “third eye”—the region between the eyebrows

1 point 18. Question 18 Chade Meng Tan uses the metaphor of riding a __________ to help understand how to practise mindfulness:

Wave

Cobra

Airplane

Bicycle

1 point 19. Question 19 According to Steven Pressfield, one way to overcome the internal “resistance” is by:

Practising mindfulness, of course!

Practising in groups

“Turning pro”

Finding a coach

1 point 20. Question 20 According to the “two approaches to MBA” framework, which of the following is the “5th determinant of happiness”?

Basic necessities

MBA (Mastery, Belongingness, and Autonomy)

MBA (Masters in Business Administration)

The “abundance” (vs. “scarcity”) route to MBA (Mastery, Belongingness, and Autonomy)

1 point

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Final exam (Part 1) TOTAL POINTS 20 1. Question 1 In the “wallet drop study” (conducted by the Toronto Star) what was the main measure of interest?

The missing credit cards

Whether the wallet was returned

How expensive stolen wallets are

Amount of money that was taken

1 point 2. Question 2 In the “trust game” study conducted by the Swiss researchers, which of the following proportion of participants is closest to the number who returned the money if they were trusted with the $10?

66%

44%

10%

95%

1 point 3. Question 3 One of the main reasons why it is difficult to proactively trust others is because:

We are hardwired to distrust others, particularly strangers

There is little to be gained from proactively trusting others

There are lots of hidden costs of being proactively trusting

People are less trustworthy than we perceive them to be

1 point 4. Question 4 Which of the following is NOT a hidden benefit of being proactively trusting of others?

Building a community of trustworthy relationships

Feeling good when one's trust is reciprocated

Contributing to society's upliftment

All of the above are hidden benefits of being proactively trusting

1 point 5. Question 5 Which of the following was NOT discussed as a strategy for mitigating the psychological pain of being cheated?

Forgiveness

Holding those who cheat accountable for their action

Reminding oneself that trust begets trustworthiness

Recognizing that if those who are materially well off aren't willing to do their bit to enhance trust levels in society, then we can't really expect those who are worse off to play that role

1 point 6. Question 6 William Blake's quote “Joy and woe are woven fine” best captures which of the following “facts” about life:

It's difficult to control life's outcomes

Those of a spiritual bent are happier than those who aren't

It's difficult to categorize outcomes as unambiguously “good” or “bad”

Happy people, in general, tend to do better in life than their less-happy counterparts

1 point 7. Question 7 The “need to be busy” studies, along with studies on flow indicate that:

We don't need to rely on outcomes for our happiness

Both outcomes and processes are important determinants of happiness

Outcomes are a much more significant determinant of happiness than are processes

It's best not to rely on either outcomes or processes for happiness

1 point 8. Question 8 The dispassionate pursuit of passion is difficult because:

Being dispassionate about something means having no curiosity or interest in life

It's difficult to have no desires

It's difficult to change one's mind about outcomes before they occur versus after (due to the need for consistency)

d. All of the above

1 point 9. Question 9 Which of the following was NOT discussed as a strategy for instilling the dispassionate pursuit of passion?

Reminiscing about past negative events and recognizing that, if we could change our minds about them, there's a good chance we'll change our minds about current negative events

“Three good things with a twist”

Gratitude

Self-compassion

1 point 10. Question 10 Based on the placebo effects findings, one could conclude that the following belief is the most scientifically valid:

Life is benign

Life is malign

Life is indifferent

None of the above beliefs about life is any more scientifically valid than the other

1 point 11. Question 11 Which of the following was NOT a finding that emerged from Matt Killingworth's (and his colleague's) studies on mindfulness?

People's minds wander a LOT—roughly 50% of the time

The best way to not let the mind wander is to distance oneself from one's “GATEs” (Goals, Actions/Action tendencies, Thoughts, and Emotions)

Incredibly, even if experiencing something negative, people are happier (or less unhappy) when their minds don't wander than when they do

People's minds wander least when they are having sex

1 point 12. Question 12 Which of these is NOT likely to be a consequence of practising mindfulness?

The pace at which one's mind lurches from one element of the GATE to the other slows down

One becomes more “present oriented”

Attentional blink increases

All of the above

1 point 13. Question 13 The practice of mindfulness results in cortical:

Thickening

Emancipation

Weakening

Broadening

1 point 14. Question 14 According to Prof. Shauna Shapiro, one of the most “hopeful” and “optimistic” themes that emerge from the studies on mindfulness is that the practice can:

Help overcome the happiness “set point”

Help overcome relationship stress

Reverse aging

Help get rid of the “cobwebs” in one's brain

1 point 15. Question 15 According to the discussions in the video lectures, which of these was explicitly mentioned as a misconception about mindfulness that prevents people from taking up the practice?

That it will lead to not experiencing moments of pure joy and exhilaration

That it will lead one to become soft and weak

That it will kill creativity

That it will make one overly scientific and analytical

1 point 16. Question 16 According to Prof. Richie Davidson, the goal in mindfulness is to:

Think only kind and compassionate thoughts

Change one's relationship with thoughts

Completely stop thinking

Treat thoughts as a type of feeling

1 point 17. Question 17 According to Prof. Richie Davidson, one of the best ways to overcome the frustration from practising mindfulness is to:

Focus only on the positive consequences of mindfulness and ignore the negative ones

Start with very short—1 to 2 minute—daily practice

Start chanting a favorite “mantra” whenever you feel bored

Concentrate on the “third eye”—the region between the eyebrows

1 point 18. Question 18 Chade Meng Tan uses the metaphor of riding a __________ to help understand how to practise mindfulness:

Wave

Cobra

Airplane

Bicycle

1 point 19. Question 19 According to Steven Pressfield, one way to overcome the internal “resistance” is by:

Practising mindfulness, of course!

Practising in groups

“Turning pro”

Finding a coach

1 point 20. Question 20 According to the “two approaches to MBA” framework, which of the following is the “5th determinant of happiness”?

Basic necessities

MBA (Mastery, Belongingness, and Autonomy)

MBA (Masters in Business Administration)

The “abundance” (vs. “scarcity”) route to MBA (Mastery, Belongingness, and Autonomy)

1 point

I understand that submitting work that isn't my own may result in permanent failure of this course or deactivation of my Coursera account. Learn more about Coursera's Honor Code


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