Your room's huge compared to mine.

lilyyang tw Taiwan

I don't understand this sentence structure.

"compared" here is a verb or an adjective?

So the main verb of this sentence is "is" or "compare"? I got confused.

Thank you!!!

May 15 at 09:13
  • khardy us United States

    A present passive participle of the verb, perhaps?

    If I compare your room to mine, then your room is compared to mine. I don't know if it helps, but a more formally grammatical way of phrasing your sentence would be, "You room is huge as compared to mine."

    Edit: A participle is a verbal adjective, right?

    May 15 at 18:31
  • ftornay es Spain

    I think the confusion stems from the fact that participles in English (and in other European languages) can be used both as part of the verb, to construct some tenses/voices, etc. and as simple adjectives. That happens both with past (passive) participles and with present ones (ing forms), e.g.

    The riddle was baffling everyone. ("was baffling" is a verb, a form of "to baffle", which is the main verb)

    He presented a complicated problem, baffling everybody (even here "baffling" is a verb, it would be a gerund, even if it's not the main one, you can tell because it takes an object "everybody" and because you can change into "which baflled")

    BUT

    It proved such a baffling riddle that everybody gave up ("baffling" is an adjective here, the main verb is "proved")

    The riddle has baffled every one

    OR

    Everyone was baffled by the riddle

    (In both of the above cases, "baffled" was part of a form of the verb "to baffle", which is the main verb)

    The baffled king composing hallelujah [from Leonard Cohen's song]. "baffled" is an adjective here. There's no main verb (because it's an incomplete sentence). In contrast, "composing" is a verb, you can change it into "who was composing")

    In your example "compared" is an adjective, the main verb is "is". Here "compared to" is a phrase, you can think about it as an abbreviation of "as compared to", which can also be expressed as "in comparison with".

    "Compared" = "In comparison"

    just as

    "Baffled" can (sometimes) mean "in a state of confusion"

    May 15 at 19:17
    • khardy us United States

      It's a pity that sentence diagramming is not universally understood, and that there's no good way to represent diagrams here. We were actually taught this in 7th grade, and it makes sense once you get the hang of it. It is a way to visually and unambiguously represent the role of each word in a sentence. Is this tool used in languages other than English?

      May 15 at 23:22
      • ftornay es Spain

        I learned to draw similar diagrams when I was in school here in Spain. They sure are helpful

        May 16 at 07:32
  • WinterShaker gb United Kingdom

    Actually, I think 'compared' does count as a verb here, in a participle form.

    'Your room is huge if it is compared to mine' or 'your room is huge when it is compared to mine'.

    But for practical purposes, like khardy says, you can just treat 'compared to' as being identical to 'in comparison to' or 'by comparison to'.

    May 16 at 14:33
  • TeacherNia us United States

    Your room's huge compared to mine. (incorrect)

    Your room is huge compared to mine. (correct)

    June 24 at 01:30