Japan

Lesson Notes

April 2009

Romaji

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Watashi wa Eigo o hanashi-masu.

Kanojo wa sarada o tabe-masu.

Watashi no neko wa gyuunyuu o nomi-masu.

Kare no otouto wa terebi o mi-masu.

Watashi wa hon o yomi-masu.

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English

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I speak English.

She eats salad.

My cat drinks milk.

His (younger) brother watches TV.

I read a book.

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The subject and objects of the verb are indicated by means of particles, and the grammatical functions of the verb — primarily tense and voice — are indicated by means of conjugation (Wikipedia.)

OK, there are many ways to conjugate verbs, but for now, I just want to introduce two present tense forms: "dictionary form" and " ~masu form (polite form)." The dictionary form verbs ends in - u (most of verbs end in -ru.)

[Dictionary Form] --- [-Masu Form]

はなす (hanasu) --- はなします (hanashi-masu)

たべる (taberu) --- たべます (tabe-masu)

のむ (nomu) --- のみます (nomi-masu)

みる (miru) --- みます (mi-masu)

よむ (yomu) --- よみます (yomi-masu)

Phew.

I also introduced particle "を (o or wo)" in this lesson. When you see particle "を," the noun before "を" is a direct object of the sentence most of the time.

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