Watashi wa Eigo o hanashi-masu.
Kanojo wa sarada o tabe-masu.
Watashi no neko wa gyuunyuu o nomi-masu.
Kare no otouto wa terebi o mi-masu.
Watashi wa hon o yomi-masu.
I speak English.
She eats salad.
My cat drinks milk.
His (younger) brother watches TV.
I read a book.
The subject and objects of the verb are indicated by means of particles, and the grammatical functions of the verb — primarily tense and voice — are indicated by means of conjugation (Wikipedia.)
OK, there are many ways to conjugate verbs, but for now, I just want to introduce two present tense forms: "dictionary form" and " ~masu form (polite form)." The dictionary form verbs ends in - u (most of verbs end in -ru.)
[Dictionary Form] --- [-Masu Form]
はなす (hanasu) --- はなします (hanashi-masu)
たべる (taberu) --- たべます (tabe-masu)
のむ (nomu) --- のみます (nomi-masu)
みる (miru) --- みます (mi-masu)
よむ (yomu) --- よみます (yomi-masu)
I also introduced particle "を (o or wo)" in this lesson. When you see particle "を," the noun before "を" is a direct object of the sentence most of the time.