Japan

Lesson notes for the Japanese newbie lessons

April 2009

Romaji version:

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Watashi wa Mayumi desu. Watashi wa Saori de wa arimasen.

Kare wa Nihon-jin desu. Kare wa Chuugoku-jin de wa arimasen.

Kanojo wa gakusei desu. Kanojo wa sensei de wa arimasen.

Watashi-tachi wa 25sai desu. Watashi-tachi wa 18sai de wa arimasen.

Watashi wa Mayumi desu. Watashi wa Saori ja arimasen.

Kare wa Nihon-jin desu. Kare wa Chuugoku-jin ja arimasen.

Kanojo wa gakusei desu. Kanojo wa sensei ja arimasen.

Watashi-tachi wa 25sai desu. Watashi-tachi wa 18sai ja arimasen.

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English translation

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I am Mayumi. I am not Saori.

He is Japanese. He is not Chinese.

She is a student. She is not a teacher.

We are 25 years old. We are not 18 years old.

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In this lesson, we learn how to form negative in Japanese. You see two parts of this lesson. The upper part is a very polite form and the bottom is more casual than the upper one (but still considered as a polite form). I don't want to confuse you, so please remember there are two ways to say negative sentence in Japanese.

The copula "desu" changes to "de wa arimasen" or "ja arimasen." Both means exactly the same. It is just a matter of politeness.

Now you can say "I am a beautiful person. She is not a beautiful person." "a beautiful person" is "びじん (bijin)" in Japanese. So...

わたし は びじん です。かのじょ は びじん で は ありません。

Hahaha.

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