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Spanish Adverbs for Everyday Use

Why are Spanish adverbs so important in conversations and writing?

 

Adverbs are powerful words that help us find out when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something happens. For example, meeting up with a friend “aqui” or “here” would be much different than meeting them “alla” or “there”. Meeting up with a friend “ahora” or “now” would be different than “luego” or “later.” So now you can see that without a basic knowledge of Spanish adverbs, you can be quite left quite puzzled!

 

A trick to uncover Spanish adverbs

Almost any Spanish word that ends in “-mente” is an adverb. For example, “frequentemente/often” and “posiblemente/possibly” are examples of two adverbs. Use this method to spot adverbs in your reading or catch them in conversation. These words can be used to help describe to what extent an action is being performed, and lead to an overall better understanding of the topic.

 

Check out some examples of adverbs with “-mente” being used in a sentence. 

 

Terminaron el examen rápidamente.

They finished the exam quickly.

 

Los ninos jugaron alegremente.

The children played happily.

 

Comí el almuerzo lentamente.

I ate lunch quickly.

 

However, not all adverbs end in “-mente.” In fact, here are some adverbs you have probably already learned, such as, “poco/ little” and“mucho/a lot”. Check out the following common adverbs in this example conversation.

 

Anna:  “Hola, ¿como estas?”

Anna: “Hello, how are you?”

 

Maria: “Estoy mal, recibi los resultados de mi examen de matemáticas, y hice peor de lo que yo estaba pensando.”

Maria: “I’m not well, I received my mathematics exam results and I did worse than I thought.”

 

Anna: “Lo siento Maria. Pero no te preocupes. Eso pasa a veces, en el próximo examen, ganaras un calificación mejor.

Anna: “I’m sorry Mary, Don’t worry, that happens sometimes, on the next exam, you will get a better score.”

 

In this example, we see some adverbs of quality, such as “mal/bad”, “peor/worse” and “mejor/better”. There is also an adverb of time “a veces/sometimes” These words help us understand how Maria is feeling, and how Anna is able to provide some reassurance. Check out another example, and see how Adverbs are shaping our understanding in this conversation.

 

Carlos: “¿Cuando quieres ir al cine?”

Carlos: “When do you want to go to the cinema?”

 

Derek: “Me gustaria ir pronto, ¿y tu?

Derek: “I’d like to go soon, and you?”

 

Carlos: “Posiblemente puedo ir mañana. Tanto que deseo ir hoy pero, no tengo dinero. Mañana me van a pagar y podemos ir allá.

Carlos: “I can possibly go tomorrow. As much as I want to go today, but I don’t have money. Tomorrow they are going to pay me and we can go there.”

 

Derek: “Perfecto ¿Quieres reunirte allá o aquí en mi casa mañana?”

Derek: “Perfect. Want to meet up there, or here at my house tomorrow?”

 

Carlos: “Vamos a reunirnos aquí en tu casa media hora antes de ir al cine.”

Carlos: “We are going to meet up here at your house a half hour before we go to the cinema.”

 

As previously mentioned, it’s important to know that by saying “Aqui/here” that Carlos is letting Derek know that he is going to stop by his house on the way to the Cinema. This helps Derek understand where he will meet up with his friend.

 

Protip: Learn Spanish adverbs in context

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Learning in context helps you get a better understanding how adverbs are used and it will also help you understand how sentences are structured (ie: grammar).

 

LingQ has 100s of easy-to-follow Spanish mini-stories to help you read, listen, and save adverbs (and any other vocabulary you come across) all in one platform. LingQ’s text-to-speech feature and dictionary resources allow you learn faster by saving you time from looking up words in a dictionary. Also, it prevents you from disrupting your reading flow.

 

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Give it a try. You can also use LingQ on your mobile device taking all the content you love on the go so you can learn anytime, anywhere. Good luck.

 

Alright, now where were we?

 

Spanish adverbs of time are very especially common, and can help us understand when something is taking place or what a person’s routine or habits are.

 

Here’s another example with an adverbs of time:

 

Amy- “¿Vas al gimnasio después del trabajo?

Amy- “Do you go to the gym after work?

 

Dana- “Si, a veces

Dana- “Yes, sometimes”

 

In this case “a veces” could be replaced with numerous other adjectives, such as:

 

Frequently/Frequentemente

Always/Siempre

Rarely/Raramente

Never/Nunca

 

Now that you have learned some basic Spanish adverbs, you’ll know exactly when, how, where, how often, or to what degree actions are taking place in your spanish conversations!

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A list of common Spanish adverbs

Last but not least, below is a list of common Spanish adverbs that you may want to add to your vocabulary.

 

hereaquí
thereallí
nearcerca
in frontdelante
on topencima
insidedentro
aheadadelante
uparriba
abovearriba
insideadentro
hereacá
thereallá
farlejos
behinddetrás
underneathdebajo
outsidefuera
behindatrás
downabajo
belowabajo
outsideafuera
todayhoy
tomorrowmañana
last nightanoche
the night before lastanteanoche
recentlyrecientemente
brieflybrevemente
dailydiariamente
stilltodavía
nevernunca
occasionallyocasionalmente
nowahora
yesterdayayer
the day before yesterdayanteayer
previouslypreviamente
currentlyactualmente
permanentlypermanentemente
frequentlyfrecuentemente
alreadyya
alwayssiempre
weeklysemanalmente
verymuy
a lotmucho
lessmenos
so muchtanto
somewhatalgo
too muchdemasiado
a littlepoco
moremás
enoughbastante
not at allnada
wellbien
bettermejor
fastrápido
quicklyrápidamente
clearlyclaramente
beautifullybellamente
loudlyruidosamente
sweetlydulcemente
seriouslyseriamente
like thisasí
this wayasí
badlymal
worsepeor
slowlylentamente
intelligentlyinteligentemente
carefullycuidadosamente
quietlytranquilamente
stupendouslyestupendamente
voluntarilyvoluntariamente
easilyfácilmente
perhapsacaso
besidesademás
beforeadelante
aroundalrededor
oftena menudo
beforeantes
ratheren lugar
as soon asapenas
hencepor lo tanto
hencede ahí
stillaún
yettodavía
withindentro
afterdespués
shortlyen breve
thenentonces
towardshacia
tillhasta
untilhasta
in the meantimemientras tanto
norni
neitherni
soonpronto
perhapstal vez
sotan
soasí
latetarde
earlytemprano
everydaytodos los días
usuallyusualmente
generallygeneralmente
from time to timede vez en cuando
monthlymensualmente
seldompocas veces
annuallyanualmente

 

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